Step-wise progress for REDD+ monitoring

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This presentation by Martin Herold, a scientist with Wageningen University and associate with the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), was given on 28 November 2012 at a joint CIFOR and GOFC-GOLD (Global Observation of Forest Cover and Land Dynamics) UNFCCC COP18 side-event in Doha, Qatar.

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Step-wise progress for REDD+ monitoring

  1. 1. CIFOR / GOFC-GOLD side event at UNFCCC COP 18, DohaStep-wise progress for REDD+ monitoring Martin Herold 28. November 2012 THINKING beyond the canopy
  2. 2. Framework for national REDD+ monitoringNational forest monitoring (i.e. carbon)National GHG inventory (IPCC GPG) Past Current Future
  3. 3. Variability in country forest monitoring capacities Capacity gap for REDD+ monitoring Romijn et al., ESP 2012
  4. 4. Success factors for improving capacities Level of importance
  5. 5. Framework for national REDD+ monitoring National REDD+ strategy and implementationNational forest monitoring (i.e. carbon)National GHG inventory (IPCC GPG) Past Current Future REDD+ Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3
  6. 6. National forest monitoring systems1. An national forest monitoring systems should: ● Provide estimates on GHG emissions and removals from all forest land ● Provide data for policy assessment and includes multi- sector involvement; ● Be linked to monitoring of other forest values;2. Take advantage of existing national forest monitoring and inventory systems3. Monitoring/sampling strategies may need to be adapted for measuring and monitoring forest changes and associated carbon emissions using IPCC GPG4. Stepwise progress and continuous improvement cycles: ● Uncertainty, omission of C-pools & gases, scale
  7. 7. GOFC-GOLD REDD+ Sourcebook http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/redd A sourcebook of methods and procedures formonitoring and reporting anthropogenic greenhousegas emissions and removals caused by deforestation, gains and losses of carbon stocks in forests remaining forests, and forestation Latest version published for COP-18 in Doha
  8. 8. Framework for national REDD+ monitoring National REDD+ strategy and implementationNational forest monitoring (i.e. carbon)National GHG inventory (IPCC GPG) Reference level (stepwise improvement) Past Current Future REDD+ Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3
  9. 9. Developing REDD+ reference levels• REL first key “number” to be provided by REDD+ countries• Historical data and understanding forest change patterns and underlying causes are important – to take national circumstances into account, – to construct scenarios that deviate from historical trends• The availability of data including those of drivers is uncertain in many REDD+ countries – Stepwise approach as starting point to match available data and their quality with the choice of reference level methods, its uncertainties and country circumstances
  10. 10. Overview of a step-wise approach for RELs Source: Herold et al., 2012, CIFOR policy brief• Availability & quality of data should determine the methods to develop reference levels
  11. 11. Framework for national REDD+ monitoring National REDD+ strategy and Local REDD+ monitoring implementation MRV of REDD+ actions (national)National forest monitoring (i.e. carbon)National GHG inventory (IPCC GPG) Reference level (stepwise improvement) Past Current Future REDD+ Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3
  12. 12. Planning and implementation for REDD+ MRV1. Define initial priorities for capacity development: ● understanding the national REDD+ implementation strategies and policies ● identifying high priority areas to focus MRV activities (and demonstrations) using a stratified national approach2. Early actions will need to deal with partial MRV but leakage need to be assessed nationally3. Link with evolving benefit sharing mechanisms4. Synergy of national and local monitoring ● Role of local communities and experts in REDD+ implementation
  13. 13. International Source: Pratihast et al., 2013, Carbon Management reporting National- level MRV• National priorities and • REDD+ participation and strategies for local REDD+ safeguards implementation • Local data collection as input• National datasets and to national monitoring (forest streams for local use inventory, regular and near-• Capacity development and real time tracking of forest revenue stream (for MRV) change events)• MRV guidance & standards • Performance reporting (long-• National data infrastructure term) for local implementation and quality control of local activities measurements • Independent data sources for• Monitoring of leakage validation purposes Local monitoring
  14. 14. Framework for national REDD+ monitoring National REDD+ performance (national) REDD+ strategy and Local REDD+ monitoring implementation International verification MRV of REDD+ actions (national)National forest monitoring (i.e. carbon)National GHG inventory (IPCC GPG) Reference level (stepwise improvement) Past Current Future REDD+ Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3
  15. 15. International verification and performance1. International verification anticipated for participation in results-based schemes2. Cover emissions and removals estimates, and consistency with reference levels3. Could also include NFMSs, consultation, safeguards and wider forest values.4. Use a facilitative and non-confrontational approach and should be valuable for increasing policy effectiveness and sharing experiences5. Interim performance reporting can catalyse progress on MRV and broader REDD+ agenda
  16. 16. Concluding remarks1. National forest monitoring capacities vary2. Continuous/cyclic improvements important to encourage broad participation and step- wise progress (i.e. along REDD+ phases)3. Experiences on how to improve capacities4. Sustained support on the national and from the international level5. Linking data and estimates to financial incentives and benefit sharing
  17. 17. Additional background materials and reading New report on capacity development in national forest monitoring: experiences for REDD+: http://www.cifor.org/online- library/browse/view-publication/publication/3944.html An updated version of the GOFC-GOLD Sourcebook: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/redd/index.php Hosonuma et al, Assessment of deforestation and forest degradation drivers, ERL http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/7/4/044009 Romijn et al, Assessing capacities of non-Annex I countries for national forest, ESP Pratihast, A. K., et al. (2013). Linking community-based and national REDD+ monitoring, Carbon Management De Sy et al, Synergies of multiple remote sensing data sources for REDD+ monitoring. COSUST

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