Social, Tenure and Rights Dimensions of REDD Plus


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Presentation by Ashish Aggarwal, The Energy and Resource Institute.
Social impacts of REDD initiatives, Forest Day 3.
Sunday, December 13th, 2009
Copenhagen, Denmark

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Social, Tenure and Rights Dimensions of REDD Plus

  1. 1. Social, Tenure and Rights Dimensions of REDD Plus Ashish Aggarwal The Energy and Resources Institute REDD and Rural Livelihoods event, Forest Day 3, Copenhagen, December 13, 2009
  2. 2. Outline  Community Rights - Status and Issues  Potential impacts of REDD Plus  Way forward
  3. 3. Community Rights - Status and Issues (1) 80 74.3 60 % forest land 40 9.1 14.2 20 2.3 0 Owned & Designated for use Owned by Owned by administered by by communities communities and individuals and government indigenous groups firms Source: Sunderlin, Hatcher and Liddle, 2008
  4. 4. Community Rights - Status and Issues (2)  A large part of government administered forests, rights of the communities have not been settled o In India- 18% forests in the Unclassed category o Competing claims and conflicts -statutory and customary tenure  Even in community owned forests, rights might be restricted o PNG- logging concessions o India- restrictions on harvest, transit and trade o Carbon rights not defined
  5. 5. Community Rights - Status and Issues (3)  In areas designated for communities under different participatory programmes o Unequal partnerships- Decision making /management o Restricted use rights In addition…..  Weak governance - lack of enabling policies/ institutions/ poor implementation  Conflicts in forest areas  Civil and political rights not recognized  Lack of awareness and skills in indigenous groups and communities
  6. 6. Potential Impacts of REDD Plus (1) Given this, if REDD Plus is implemented  Land and forest resources will become more valuable  Elite capture of forest resources- State/ private sector  Process of recognition of community rights might be slowed  Strengthening of ‘guns and guards’ approach to conservation  Impact on biodiversity- implications for livelihoods/ rights
  7. 7. Potential Impacts of REDD Plus (2)  Impact on livelihoods and socio-cultural rights o Shifting cultivation, sacred groves  Increase in conflicts- Impact on resource management  Marginalization of indigenous groups and local communities
  8. 8. Way forward  Recognize community rights with security of tenure  Strengthen governance mechanism- Enabling policies, institutions  Recognizing and strengthening civil and political rights of indigenous groups and communities  REDD Plus should be consistent with international agreements recognizing rights of indigenous groups and local communities- UNDRIP, UNDHR,CBD, etc  Building capacities of the communities- strengthening their participation at each level with right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent  Monitor more than Carbon- strengthened national and international monitoring mechanisms
  9. 9. Thank you!