Scoping study on PES schemes Dak Nong
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Scoping study on PES schemes Dak Nong

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This presentation by Pham Thu Thuy, Nguyen Tuan Viet and Le Ngoc Dung shows how the scoping study on PRES schemes could be designed.

This presentation by Pham Thu Thuy, Nguyen Tuan Viet and Le Ngoc Dung shows how the scoping study on PRES schemes could be designed.

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Scoping study on PES schemes Dak Nong Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Scoping study on PES schemes Dak Nong Pham Thu Thuy Nguyen Tuan Viet Le Ngoc Dung
  • 2. PES-readiness • Provincial Forest Protection and Development Fund in place… but very centralised with low involvement of district, commune and village level • PES has not been seen as another forest protection program rather as a part of sectoral improvement and cross-sectoral coordination • 25 staff but limited capacity in handling complex transaction and bridging buyers and sellers + compete for administration fee • Challenge in financial distribution due to out of date forest land allocation and registration data • Low understanding of PES of stakeholders • Low willingness to pay of buyers • Low willingness to pay of sellers due to high opportunity costs, limited understanding of PES and lack of alternative livelihood activities • Weak information sharing amongst stakeholders • 90% of forests are under management of State forest enterprises -- elite capture of benefit
  • 3. Option Defined ES Buyers Sellers Conditionality Payment mechanism 1 - Watershed protection - Reduce sedimentation of reservoir Hydropower plants Water supply companies - Local people - Communities Monitoring of environmental services: Unclear what are the baselines ? Monitoring of contract: incapable of current institutions Weak law enforcement Current form: Cash payment Limited investment on in- kind 2 Spawning grounds and sources of food for aquaculture activities Households or business organizations implement aquaculture activities Local authorities or hydropower plants ???? Under-developed contracts 3 Landscape beauty Tourism companies (eco- park – under construction)) Visitor - Local people - Communities - Entrance fee ? Pay for community development fund and forest protection contract ??? - Direct payment between people and companies 4 Biodiversity conservation Tourists and government; NGOs ? - Yok Don National Park and Local communities Under-developed contracts 5 Carbon sequestration - Private companies - REDD+ projects - Government agencies - Local people - Communities - State forest enterprises -Verifiers involved -Clear baseline and reference level - In kind and in cash upon negotiation
  • 4. Pros and ConsOption Pros Cons -Watershed protection -Reduce sedimentation of reservoir • regulated in national policy on PES • Institutional setting in place • Compliance of large scale and state owned companies are well-cited • SFEs controls forest land • Inequity (e.g. outsiders from other provinces access to land) • Resistance of small and private hydropower plants • Lack of forest monitoring and inventory data • Political economy influence – National Energy Spawning grounds and sources of food for aquaculture activities • Hydropower plants create huge area of reservoirs • There are households and business organisations implemented aquaculture activities on these reservoirs • Local authorities are in charge of management of these reservoirs • Lack of clear guidance • High implementation costs Landscape beauty • Landscape beauty are widely found • Strong interests from tourism companies make direct transaction between the companies and HHs • Lack of experience in this type of ES (e.g. Ta Dung Protected Area has just established in recent years) Biodiversity conservation • Biodiversity hotpot • Highly degraded area Under- developed market Rely on government funding Carbon sequestration • Strong support of government to REDD+, CDM • high potential of carbon trade (e.g. • Interest of private companies ares trong (Germany + Truong Thanh Companies) • CDM projects are proposed but there is still not actual implementation (e.g. Truong Thanh company) • Resistance from provincial authorities on complying with international auditing and verification and unclear on carbon credit allocation
  • 5. Recommendation- Short term • Ensure the effectiveness of PES scheme (e.g. Ensure 10% kept at Provincial Fund and SFEs are used for ES improvement purpose) • Promote transparency through improved information dissemination channel SMS system ? • Pilot other alternative livelihood activities (large scale avocado?) + support market access (e.g. certified coffee and PR campaign of Trung Nguyen) as in-kind payment method • Develop and pilot participatory ES monitoring to enhance the conditionality + increase the payment level + local involvement in PES • Pilot co-management between National Park and SFEs with local households in delivering ES • Multi PES schemes ? Scoping studies to compare costs vs. benefit ??? - Trade- off between political impact and PES impact >??
  • 6. Recommendations – Long term • Bundling different environmental services but how to distribute $ via Forest Protection and Development Fund ? • Baseline and database on ES current status need to be established (Dak Nong FPDF is carrying the forest area inventory – what about other ES ?) • Capacity building for both local authorities and local people on PES, ES monitoring and negotiation skills – (e.g. information exchange and networking between Son La and Dak Nong)
  • 7. THANK YOU