0
Sasumua: linking a landscape and
institutional mosaic to climate change
               in Kenya




      Meine van Noordw...
WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
Globally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (GAMA)




Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA)
                      ...
WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
Administrative
mosaic
  Ethnic and social
affinity mosaic
  Watershed hierar-
chies
  Patchwork of ve-
getation
  Patchwor...
rainfall      cloud
                                                           canopy water
What matters most in a ‘forest...
Myth-use of forest hydrology for
                maintaining political control over land
    1
        4

            2
  ...
http://presa.worldagroforestry.org/files/2009/07/presasasumua.pdf




                                 WORLD AGROFORESTRY ...
Paradigm CES:     Paradigm COS:                   Paradigm CIS: ‘Co-
‘Commoditized ES’ ‘Compensating                   inv...
WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
Predictability of rainfall at gro-
                                            wing-season scale is still low




 July 20...
+
           Dam & spillway
            under repair
                                 Chania river intake



~ 50 NTU     ...
Lesson 2




           WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
http://presa.worldagroforestry.org/files/2009/07/presasasumua.pdf
                                        Stakeholders
   ...
Rapid/replicable Hydrological Appraisal (RHA: 6
 months, 5k$) integrates 3 types of knowledge

                  Public/Po...
WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
Lesson 3




           WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
performance
new components &                         indicators
technologies
                         Landscape
          ...
WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
Lesson 4




           WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
Conclusions:
1. NAMA between LAMA and GAMA
2. LAMA: Mosaic of mosaics
   •   Administrative mosaic
   •   Ethnic and socia...
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Sasumua: linking a landscape and institutional mosaic to climate change in Kenya

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Presentation by Meine van Noordwijk & Thomas Yatich, ICRAF
Landscape approaches to mitigation and adaptation, Forest Day 3
Sunday, 13 December 2009
Copenhagen, Denmark

Published in: Education, Technology
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Transcript of "Sasumua: linking a landscape and institutional mosaic to climate change in Kenya"

  1. 1. Sasumua: linking a landscape and institutional mosaic to climate change in Kenya Meine van Noordwijk and Thomas Yatich World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) 2009 Forest Day 3, Learning Event WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  2. 2. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  3. 3. Globally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (GAMA) Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) Landscape approaches to adaptation + mitigation Locally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (LAMA) WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  4. 4. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  5. 5. Administrative mosaic Ethnic and social affinity mosaic Watershed hierar- chies Patchwork of ve- getation Patchwork of land access/ forest class rules WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  6. 6. rainfall cloud canopy water What matters most in a ‘forest’: interception evaporation transpiration surface the treesevaporation through-fall the landscape stem-flow surface run-on Stream: surface infiltration flow { quick- run-off lateral recharge the soil sub- surface base outflow ? uptake lateral inflow WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE flow percolation
  7. 7. Myth-use of forest hydrology for maintaining political control over land 1 4 2 3 5 WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  8. 8. http://presa.worldagroforestry.org/files/2009/07/presasasumua.pdf WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  9. 9. Paradigm CES: Paradigm COS: Paradigm CIS: ‘Co- ‘Commoditized ES’ ‘Compensating investment in or markets for Opportunities Stewardship’ and commoditized Skipped’ or paying co-manage-ment of environmental service land users for accepting land-scapes for redu- procure-ment (or land man-datory or volun- cing poverty and use proxies with tary restrictions on their enhancing ES, sharing periodic full impact use of land risk and responsibility study) WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  10. 10. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  11. 11. Predictability of rainfall at gro- wing-season scale is still low July 2009 Forecast of El Nino condi- tions: above-average rainfall in Kenya In fact: late start of rains, below-average total as yet; water rationing in Nairobi WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE http://portal.iri.columbia.edu/portal/server.pt
  12. 12. + Dam & spillway under repair Chania river intake ~ 50 NTU 5-10 NTU WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  13. 13. Lesson 2 WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  14. 14. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  15. 15. http://presa.worldagroforestry.org/files/2009/07/presasasumua.pdf Stakeholders • Local farmers organizations • Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company • Water Resources Management Authority • Athi River Water Services Board • Kenya Forestry Service • Ministry of Livestock. Research Partners • World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF); • National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) of Kenya • Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE Nairobi
  16. 16. Rapid/replicable Hydrological Appraisal (RHA: 6 months, 5k$) integrates 3 types of knowledge Public/Policy Ecological Knowledge Local Hydrologist Ecological Ecological Knowledge Knowledge WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  17. 17. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  18. 18. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  19. 19. Lesson 3 WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  20. 20. performance new components & indicators technologies Landscape mosaic Plots (land use s.s.) actors, stake-holders Matrix (filter) resource interactions Roads/streams (channel) agreed Negotiation changes process spontaneous change WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE Negotiation Support System: tool + process
  21. 21. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  22. 22. Lesson 4 WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  23. 23. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  24. 24. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  25. 25. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  26. 26. Conclusions: 1. NAMA between LAMA and GAMA 2. LAMA: Mosaic of mosaics • Administrative mosaic • Ethnic and social affinity mosaic • Watershed hierarchies • Patchwork of vegetation • Patchwork of land access/ forest class rules 3. Realistic, Conditional, Voluntary & Pro-poor: equally large challenges in all 4 aspects WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
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