Sasumua: linking a landscape and institutional mosaic to climate change in Kenya
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Sasumua: linking a landscape and institutional mosaic to climate change in Kenya

on

  • 820 views

Presentation by Meine van Noordwijk & Thomas Yatich, ICRAF

Presentation by Meine van Noordwijk & Thomas Yatich, ICRAF
Landscape approaches to mitigation and adaptation, Forest Day 3
Sunday, 13 December 2009
Copenhagen, Denmark

Statistics

Views

Total Views
820
Views on SlideShare
812
Embed Views
8

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0

5 Embeds 8

http://www.cifor.org 4
http://www.slideshare.net 1
http://www.cifor.cgiar.org 1
http://webstaging.cifor.cgiar.org 1
http://typo3staging.cifor.cgiar.org 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Sasumua: linking a landscape and institutional mosaic to climate change in Kenya Sasumua: linking a landscape and institutional mosaic to climate change in Kenya Presentation Transcript

  • Sasumua: linking a landscape and institutional mosaic to climate change in Kenya Meine van Noordwijk and Thomas Yatich World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) 2009 Forest Day 3, Learning Event WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • Globally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (GAMA) Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) Landscape approaches to adaptation + mitigation Locally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (LAMA) WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • Administrative mosaic Ethnic and social affinity mosaic Watershed hierar- chies Patchwork of ve- getation Patchwork of land access/ forest class rules WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • rainfall cloud canopy water What matters most in a ‘forest’: interception evaporation transpiration surface the treesevaporation through-fall the landscape stem-flow surface run-on Stream: surface infiltration flow { quick- run-off lateral recharge the soil sub- surface base outflow ? uptake lateral inflow WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE flow percolation
  • Myth-use of forest hydrology for maintaining political control over land 1 4 2 3 5 WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • http://presa.worldagroforestry.org/files/2009/07/presasasumua.pdf WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • Paradigm CES: Paradigm COS: Paradigm CIS: ‘Co- ‘Commoditized ES’ ‘Compensating investment in or markets for Opportunities Stewardship’ and commoditized Skipped’ or paying co-manage-ment of environmental service land users for accepting land-scapes for redu- procure-ment (or land man-datory or volun- cing poverty and use proxies with tary restrictions on their enhancing ES, sharing periodic full impact use of land risk and responsibility study) WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • Predictability of rainfall at gro- wing-season scale is still low July 2009 Forecast of El Nino condi- tions: above-average rainfall in Kenya In fact: late start of rains, below-average total as yet; water rationing in Nairobi WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE http://portal.iri.columbia.edu/portal/server.pt
  • + Dam & spillway under repair Chania river intake ~ 50 NTU 5-10 NTU WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • Lesson 2 WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • http://presa.worldagroforestry.org/files/2009/07/presasasumua.pdf Stakeholders • Local farmers organizations • Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company • Water Resources Management Authority • Athi River Water Services Board • Kenya Forestry Service • Ministry of Livestock. Research Partners • World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF); • National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) of Kenya • Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE Nairobi
  • Rapid/replicable Hydrological Appraisal (RHA: 6 months, 5k$) integrates 3 types of knowledge Public/Policy Ecological Knowledge Local Hydrologist Ecological Ecological Knowledge Knowledge WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • Lesson 3 WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • performance new components & indicators technologies Landscape mosaic Plots (land use s.s.) actors, stake-holders Matrix (filter) resource interactions Roads/streams (channel) agreed Negotiation changes process spontaneous change WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE Negotiation Support System: tool + process
  • WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • Lesson 4 WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • Conclusions: 1. NAMA between LAMA and GAMA 2. LAMA: Mosaic of mosaics • Administrative mosaic • Ethnic and social affinity mosaic • Watershed hierarchies • Patchwork of vegetation • Patchwork of land access/ forest class rules 3. Realistic, Conditional, Voluntary & Pro-poor: equally large challenges in all 4 aspects WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE