Sasumua: linking a landscape and institutional mosaic to climate change in Kenya
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Sasumua: linking a landscape and institutional mosaic to climate change in Kenya

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Presentation by Meine van Noordwijk & Thomas Yatich, ICRAF ...

Presentation by Meine van Noordwijk & Thomas Yatich, ICRAF
Landscape approaches to mitigation and adaptation, Forest Day 3
Sunday, 13 December 2009
Copenhagen, Denmark

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  • 1. Sasumua: linking a landscape and institutional mosaic to climate change in Kenya Meine van Noordwijk and Thomas Yatich World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) 2009 Forest Day 3, Learning Event WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 2. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 3. Globally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (GAMA) Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) Landscape approaches to adaptation + mitigation Locally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (LAMA) WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 4. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 5. Administrative mosaic Ethnic and social affinity mosaic Watershed hierar- chies Patchwork of ve- getation Patchwork of land access/ forest class rules WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 6. rainfall cloud canopy water What matters most in a ‘forest’: interception evaporation transpiration surface the treesevaporation through-fall the landscape stem-flow surface run-on Stream: surface infiltration flow { quick- run-off lateral recharge the soil sub- surface base outflow ? uptake lateral inflow WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE flow percolation
  • 7. Myth-use of forest hydrology for maintaining political control over land 1 4 2 3 5 WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 8. http://presa.worldagroforestry.org/files/2009/07/presasasumua.pdf WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 9. Paradigm CES: Paradigm COS: Paradigm CIS: ‘Co- ‘Commoditized ES’ ‘Compensating investment in or markets for Opportunities Stewardship’ and commoditized Skipped’ or paying co-manage-ment of environmental service land users for accepting land-scapes for redu- procure-ment (or land man-datory or volun- cing poverty and use proxies with tary restrictions on their enhancing ES, sharing periodic full impact use of land risk and responsibility study) WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 10. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 11. Predictability of rainfall at gro- wing-season scale is still low July 2009 Forecast of El Nino condi- tions: above-average rainfall in Kenya In fact: late start of rains, below-average total as yet; water rationing in Nairobi WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE http://portal.iri.columbia.edu/portal/server.pt
  • 12. + Dam & spillway under repair Chania river intake ~ 50 NTU 5-10 NTU WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 13. Lesson 2 WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 14. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 15. http://presa.worldagroforestry.org/files/2009/07/presasasumua.pdf Stakeholders • Local farmers organizations • Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company • Water Resources Management Authority • Athi River Water Services Board • Kenya Forestry Service • Ministry of Livestock. Research Partners • World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF); • National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) of Kenya • Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE Nairobi
  • 16. Rapid/replicable Hydrological Appraisal (RHA: 6 months, 5k$) integrates 3 types of knowledge Public/Policy Ecological Knowledge Local Hydrologist Ecological Ecological Knowledge Knowledge WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 17. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 18. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 19. Lesson 3 WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 20. performance new components & indicators technologies Landscape mosaic Plots (land use s.s.) actors, stake-holders Matrix (filter) resource interactions Roads/streams (channel) agreed Negotiation changes process spontaneous change WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE Negotiation Support System: tool + process
  • 21. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 22. Lesson 4 WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 23. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 24. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 25. WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE
  • 26. Conclusions: 1. NAMA between LAMA and GAMA 2. LAMA: Mosaic of mosaics • Administrative mosaic • Ethnic and social affinity mosaic • Watershed hierarchies • Patchwork of vegetation • Patchwork of land access/ forest class rules 3. Realistic, Conditional, Voluntary & Pro-poor: equally large challenges in all 4 aspects WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE