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Sustainable forest management, biodiversity and carbon: The case for REDD+?

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Presentation by Robert Nasi. …

Presentation by Robert Nasi.
Sustainable forest management, biodiversity and carbon: The case for REDD+?
Oaxaca Workshop Forest Governance, Decentralisation and REDD+ in Latin America and the Caribbean,
31 August – 03 September 2010, Oaxaca, Mexico.

Published in: Education

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  • 1. Sustainable forest management,biodiversity and carbon:The case for REDD+?
    Robert Nasi
    Workshop on Forest Governance, Decentralization and REDD+ in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Oaxaca, Mexico. Aug. 31-Sept. 3, 2010
  • 2. Outline
    The international forest “agenda”
    Biodiversity, tropical forests, degradation
    Management for multiple values
    Policy recommendations
    The REDD+ case
  • 3. The international forest agenda
  • 4. It is… REDD
    Climate change is driving but
    Fundamental issues remain the same:
    Unsustainable use
    Corruption, weak law enforcement
    Rights and tenure issues
    Loss of biodiversity and forest areas
    Compounded by new issues:
    Carbon-based management?
    SFM = degradation?
    Biofuels?
  • 5. Biodiversity, tropical forests and degradation
  • 6. Forests: more than timber
    …or carbon
  • 7.
    • Management paradigms evolved…
    Traditional rural world
    Multiple goods
    & services
    Forestry realm
    Non declining flow of timber
    Sustained yield of multiple goods
    Sustainable forest management
    Ecosystem approach
  • 8. Paradigms have evolved…but:
    Emphasis is still on non-declining even flow of limited goods
    Timber remains the main commodity
    Multiple-use management is rare
    Focus is generally at stand level with limited attention to larger spatial aspects that affect stand productivity
    Ecosystem approach is not an operational concept
    Maximizing short term profits remains the “norm”
    There is limited attention to capital substitution possibilities
  • 9. Forest degradation
  • 10. Nasi et al., 2009
  • 11.
    • Price Carbon ≥ Opportunity Cost of land
    • 12. Low-hanging fruit seen as opportunity
    Prevent Conversion to Soy/Palm Oil
    $2,000
    Prevent Conversion to Ranching/Food Crops
    Enforce Protected Areas
    $500
    Clarify Land Tenure
    $100
    Control Fires
    ha
    Blaser, 2009
  • 13. Management for multiple values and carbon
  • 14. Barriers to SFM
    Governance
    Lack of serious intent by the major stakeholders (governments, industry, communities);
    High opportunity costs of maintaining forests as forests;
    Lack of tenure security or unclear tenure and resource rights.
    Economy
    Excessive costs and lack of clear financial benefits from improved management vs. Business as usual;
    Inappropriate wage systems for forest workers;
    Inefficiency and waste in the forest and along the market chain.
    Knowledge and technical guidance
    Inadequate information or knowledge about improved management;
    Improved management regulations appear too complicated or unrealistic;
    Lack of trained staff to implement improved management.
  • 15. How to achieve forest management options for triple “E” carbon, while delivering a variety of other local and global co-benefits?
  • 16. Key “lessons”
    Go beyond the obvious, identify:
    The different components / facets of forests of relevance to human and environment welfare
    The relevant spatial scales for management of these components / facets
    The capacity for substitution or damage remediation over different temporal scales
  • 17. Policy recommendations
    Use reduced-impact logging techniques
    Carry out post-logging silvicultural treatments where necessary
    Train forest workers and reward them appropriately
    Develop incentives to enhance carbon stocks in over-logged, burned and otherwise degraded forests
  • 18. Policy recommendations
    Increase security of tenure and resource access for forest owners and concessionaires
    Increase sector efficiency through appropriate taxation
    Develop incentive policies or market-based instruments to improve management
    Foster third-party certification
  • 19. A case for REDD+?
    Management practices leading to sustainability are only likely to be adopted where good governance exists and effective enforcement of management regulations is backed by financial incentives:
    • the case for REDD+
    At the same time all the recommendations remain valid even if REDD+ didn’t exist. We need to use the actual agenda and available funding opportunities to foster our SFM goals.
  • 20. Pictures: CIFOR, R. Nasi, IRD Iwokrama International Center, D. Sheil, C. Doumenge, D. Wilkie, P. Frost. M. Guariguata, S. Wunder, P. Pacheco
  • 21. www.cifor.cgiar.org