Research options for studying tenure security

960 views
866 views

Published on

This presentation outlines questions on different aspects of tenure and tenure security that were included in village surveys for CIFOR’s Global Comparative Study on REDD+. The results give an impression of how secure land tenure is in the various communities/countries surveyed. This presentation was given during CIFOR’s Annual Meeting 2012, which was held on 1–5 October at the headquarters in Bogor, Indonesia.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
960
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
211
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Research options for studying tenure security

  1. 1. Research options for studyingtenure securityAnne M Larson
  2. 2. What are the components of security?
  3. 3. Tenure security Assurance versus content of rights (Sjaastad and Bromley, 2000) • Ex. Weak rights, temporary rights Security as perception • But what if people don’t perceive a threat? Security/ insecurity as combination • Presence or absence of conflict • Perception • Potential threats: - Exclusion rights and capacity to exclude in practice
  4. 4. GCS REDD Village Survey Questionnaire
  5. 5. Area in conflictIs
any
of
the
land
in
the
village
underdispute?1=yes;
0=no.

If
‘no’
end
this
section. If
the
answer
to
question
2
is
1
(yes): What
is
the
total
area
of
village
land under
dispute? Indicate
the
amount
in
hectares. ‐8=
does
not
apply
(no
land
under dispute);
‐9=respondent
does
not
know If
the
answer
to
question
2
is
1
(yes): Please
explain
the
nature
of
the
dispute. 
 ‐8=
does
not
apply
(no
land
under dispute);
9=respondent
does
not
know
  6. 6. Perception of securityIntroduction:We are going to ask you some questions about tenure security over land in the village…Define security:By tenure security, we mean your confidence that the households in this village will continue to be able to use, at least for the next 25 years, the land and forests you now use and benefit from...
  7. 7. Perception questions Q. Please give us your opinion, as a community, on the issue of tenure security with regard to specific land tenure areas in the village. [Definition here] Q. Please explain the main reasons for insecurity.
  8. 8. Exclusion rightsIntroduction:We want to know about your ability to exclude unwanted users of your village lands and resources. We realize there may be outsiders who you welcome into your community, but here we are going to focus only on people or companies you would like to prevent from using your forest resources.
  9. 9. 1. In general, does the village have the right to decide who can and cannot have access to your local forests?Read options 0-2 out loud, leave 3 for when needed; Select all that apply.If the answer is 0 (no), go to question 60 = no1 = yes, by customary law2 = yes, by formal/statutory law (national or local)3 = other (explain)__________________________________2. In the area(s) where you have this right, although not all outsiders are unwanted, are you usually able to exclude unwanted outside users as needed?
  10. 10. 3. If you are not always able to exclude all unwanted outsiders from the area(s) where you have the right to do so, why not?Select all that apply1 = the state does not respect our right to say no2 = we cannot control the borders of the forest3 = community members permit access without village consent4 = some users have customary rights to the same forest5 = there are no effective sanctions6 = we have no external support or funds for this7 = some outsiders are relatives of village residents8 = some outsiders are very poor people9 = other____________________________________
  11. 11. 4. Are there any forest users external to your village who are currently using any of the forests, with and without permission?1=yes ; 0=no. If yes, fill Table 8C. If no, go on to section 8D.
  12. 12. Results: conflict and insecurity List 1 • List 1.1 • List 1.2 List 2 List 3
  13. 13. Results: Exclusion rights and practice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
Some
villages
selected
both Note:
Includes
all
project
sites
except
Berau,
Indonesia
and
Peru Source:
Sunderlin
et
al.,
2011
and
village
survey
database

×