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Potential for restoration of 
forest landscapes in Guatemala
 and its impacts on national and regional policy

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Potential for restoration of 
forest landscapes in Guatemala
 and its impacts on national and regional policy


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This presentation by Andrea Nájera from INAB shows how Guatemala's forests can be restored, which economic incentives were used, what the criteria for a map of potential areas for restoration were and …

This presentation by Andrea Nájera from INAB shows how Guatemala's forests can be restored, which economic incentives were used, what the criteria for a map of potential areas for restoration were and what the conclusion and challenges for Guatemala are.

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  • 1. Potential for restoration of forest landscapes in Guatemala and its impacts on national and regional policy Andrea Nájera National Forests Institute, INAB Guatemala
  • 2. Guatemala • 34% of the country has forest cover (3.7 million hectares, 2010) • More than 146,000 hectares of forest were lost between 2006-2010 (38,500 ha per year ).
  • 3. Guatemala • The country has great potential for restoration • International conventions include restoration targets that should be met – Bonn Challenge • National policies also make it mandatory – – – – Constitution Forestry Law Law on protected areas Biodiversity Policy
  • 4. Efforts and achievements Interest in recovering degraded areas 1. Economic incentives for reforestation 2. Map of potential areas for restoration 3. National Strategy for Forest Landscape Restoration (in process)
  • 5. 1. Economic Incentives for reforestation PINFOR: Forestry Incentives Program: • More than 112 thousand hectares have been reforested in 15 years (1998-2012) • US$ 149.2 million : amount of the incentives • Reforestation • Natural regeneration • 335,290 recipients
  • 6. 1. Economic Incentives for reforestation PINPEP: Incentives program for small landholders • 2,792.3 hectares were reforested in 6 years (2007-2012) • US$2.08 million: amount of the incentives • Reforestation • Agroforestry • 18,043 recipients
  • 7. 1. Economic Incentives for reforestation PINFOR Reforested area (hectares) + 115,134.24 Incentive US$ 151.28 million Beneficiaries 353,333 PINPEP
  • 8. 2. Map of potential areas for restoration, criteria used: 1. Areas without forest (excluding intensive agriculture) – Agroforestry – Forest landscapes for production – Forest landscapes for conservation (e.g. Protected Areas) – Silvopastoral systems 2. Riparian forests (50-100m in rivers and lakes) 3. Mangrove: areas deforested between 2008-2012
  • 9. Proposed areas for restoration Category Area to restore (ha) % of total Riparian forests 335,690 9.4% Mangrove 10,132 0.3% 1,040,300 29.2% Silvopastoral systems 597,340 16.8% Agroforestry with permanent crops 432,490 12.1% Forests for production 937,870 26.3% Forests for conservation 211,980 5.9% 3,565,802 100.0% Agroforestry with annual crops Total
  • 10. 3. National FLR Strategy • Participatory process including – – – – – – National institutions NGOs International cooperation agencies Municpalities Civil society Academy • Strategy should be finished by 2014
  • 11. Impacts on national and regional policy • National interest- one of the working spheres of national government • Recovery of degraded ecosystems – Environmental goods and services – Protection of biological diversity – Carbon capture • Poverty reduction • Improvement of food security • Mitigation of climate change • Incentives for investments • Community participation • Information for decision making
  • 12. Conclusion and Challenges for Guatemala • • • • • • 3.5 million hectares available for restoration Many of them in poverty zones or vulnerable areas of the country How will we pay restoration actions in Guatemala? Create sustainable business models: restoration should become a benefit (ecosystems goods and services) for the communities and the government, not a cost Private investments are possible National commitment and External Cooperation are necessary
  • 13. Thank you andrea.najera@inab.gob.gt