Non-Timber Forest Products: contribution to national economy and sustainable use in the Congo Basin

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CIFOR scientist Robert Nasi gave this presentation on 10 October 2012 during the 11th Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP11).

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Non-Timber Forest Products: contribution to national economy and sustainable use in the Congo Basin

  1. 1. Non‐Timber
Forest
Products:contribution
to
national
economy
and sustainable
use
in
the
Congo
Basin Robert
Nasi JRC‐CIFOR
Side
Event CBD
COP11,
Hyderabad,
India,
10/10/2012
  2. 2. Forests
are
more
than
timber
  3. 3. Cameroon Forest Good or Gabon General Cameroon (communityService (in discounted (National Park) (Pearce & (Lescuyer forests) US$/ha or in (Lescuyer Pearce 2001) 2007) (Akoa Akoa, US$/ha/yr) 2006) 2007)Timber 200
‐
4,400 560 98 25‐78 NotFuelwood 40 61 165 assessedNTFPs 0
‐
100 41
‐
70 3 172Genetic
resources 0
‐
3,000 7 1< Not
assessedRecreation 2
‐
470 19 4 34Watershed 15
‐
850 54
‐
270 0 998benefitsClimate
benefits 360
‐
2,200 842
‐
2,265 211 632 NotOption
values 2
‐12 3 Not
assessed assessedNon‐use
values 4,400 19
‐
32 24 Not
assessed
  4. 4. What
is
the
importanceof
non‐timber
forestproducts
for
thelivelihoods
of
the
CongoBasin
people
and
for
theenvironment?Is
the
level
of
usesustainable?Can
we
manage?
  5. 5. Non-wood forest products•Chap.7:
Non‐timber
forest
products:contribution
to
national
economy
andstrategies
for
sustainable
management(http://www.observatoire‐comifac.net/docs/edf2010/EN/SOF_2010_EN_Chap_7.pdf
  6. 6. CountriesPriority
NTFPS
(trade Regional &/or
consumption) priority Eq
Guinea Congo DRC Cameroon CAR Gabon √ √ √ √ √ √Bushmeat - - √ √ √ √Fuelwood 6 countries √ √ √ √ √ √Cola
acuminata
&
C.
Nítida √ √ √ √ √Gnetum
spp √ √ √ √ √Rattans √ √ √ √ √Darcyodes
edulisElaeis
guineensis 5 countries √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √Raphia
spp. √ √ √ √ √Snails,
larvae
&
insects √ √ √ √Piper
guineensis √ √ √ √Aframomum
spp. 4 countries √ √ √ √Irvingia
spp. √ √ √Prunus
africana √ √ √Marantaceae √ √ √Rauwolfia
vomitoria √ √ √Baillonella
toxisperma 3 countries √ √ √Coula
edulis √ √ √Mushrooms √ √ √Honey √ √ √ √Garcinia
kola √ √Ricinodendron
heudelotii √ √Garcinia
lucida 2 countries √ √Dioscorea
liebrechtsiana √ √ √Alstonia
boonei
  7. 7. Wood energy: fuelwood and charcoal•
Chap.5:
Contribution
of
woodfuel
to
meet
theenergy
needs
of
the
population
of
CentralAfrica:
prospects
for
sustainable
management
ofavailable
resources(http://www.observatoire‐comifac.net/docs/edf2010/EN/SOF_2010_EN_Chap_5.pdf)
  8. 8. Fuel
wood
and
charcoal
represent
90%
of
all
wood
removal
from forests
in
Africa
(FAO,
2011) Wood
for
energy
traded
in Kinshasa
and
Kisangani
vs. official
timber
production Schure
et
al.
2011
  9. 9. Bushmeat•
Chap.
6:
The
role
of
wildlife
for
food
security
inCentral
Africa:
a
threat
to
biodiversity?(http://www.observatoire‐comifac.net/docs/edf2010/EN/SOF_2010_EN_Chap_6.pdf)
  10. 10. Bushmeat
hunting
in Congo
Basin• The
estimated
value
of bushmeat
trade
ranges
from US$42
to
US$205
million
per year
in
West‐Central
Africa.• 30
to
80%
of
the
protein intake
of
many
rural populations
with
few existing
alternatives (Nasi et al., 2011) THINKING beyond the canopy
  11. 11. Bushmeat Consumption Population (x1000) Dense (tonne/meat/yr) Extracted Basin Forest (t/yr) (km2) Rural Urban Rural UrbanAmazon 3,938,000 14,425 24,352 909,000 small 1,299,000Congo 1,612,000 57,046 41,199 2,909,000 289,000 4,569,000If
bushmeat
consumption
in
the
Congo
Basin
was
to
be
replaced
by
locallyproduced
beef,
an
area
as
large
as
25
million
hectares
might
have
to
beconverted
to
pastures. Nasi,
Van
Vliet,
Taber
2011
  12. 12. Common management issues
  13. 13. Factors
affecting
sustainability• Nature
of
the
resource• Informal
nature
of
the
value
chains• Lack
of
knowledge
and
recognition
of
the
sector• Inappropriate
policies
and
governance• Demography,
poverty
and
hunger• Increased
commercialization• Logging
and
other
resource
extraction
activities• Fragmentation
and
land‐use
changes• Agricultural
sector
expansion
  14. 14. Barriers and solutions Main Barriers Specific solutions Sensitization at the level of elitesBad governance, influence of Strengthen local governance elites and corruption Strengthen law enforcement capacity Create incentives to encourage the private Lack of motivation from sector to engage in taking NTFP into account small or economicallyunstable logging companies Strengthen technical capacities at the level of national services and the private sector Unclear definition of Clarify and formalize roles and responsabilities among responsabilities stakeholders ( modified from TRAFFIC workshop, Libreville, June 2010)
  15. 15. Barriers and solutions Main barriers Specific solutions Allocation of a specific budget for wildlife isssues Additional costs are Logging revenues (taxes etc.) should also beincurred to consider NTFP in allocated to support management efforts management Partnerships among stakeholders are crucial External funding is needed High demand of bushmeat Sensitization of urban consumers from external urban areasand little control/knowledge Better knowledge of the market chain about the market chain Lack of largely validated Develop research and coordinate the scientific methods and validation of monitoring methods protocols to monitor NTFP
  16. 16. Gender issues• NTFP
play
a
disproportionately
important role
in
the
livelihoods
and
well‐being
of women
(and
children)• The
collection
of
fuelwood
or
other
wild products
is
often
a
task
for
women
and children• Women
play
an
important
role
in
the different
value
chains
of
these
products
and derive
crucial
income
from
the
sales• Women
generally
invest
back
their
income into
household
food
and
wellbeing;
men more
into
non
essential
goods
  17. 17. Les
forêts
du
bassin
du
Congo
‐
Etat
des
Forêts
2010. The
Forests
of
the
Congo
Basin
–
State
of
the
Forests
2010. (http://www.observatoire‐comifac.net/index.php) 
Eds
:
de
Wasseige
C.,
de
Marcken
P.,
Bayol
N.,
Hiol
Hiol
F.,
Mayaux
Ph.,
Desclée
B.,
Nasi
R.,
Billand
A.,
Defourny
P
et
Eba’a
R.Pictures:
CIFOR,
R.
Nasi,
N.
Van
Vliet,
J.
Okouyi
Okouyi,
C.
Doumenge,
D.
Wilkie,
E.Mvula,
J.M.
Kahindo,
T.
Kilensele

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