National Forest Program and Climate Change Challenges and Chances


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This presentation by Kazimierz Rykowski shows the sectors influencing forests and how that led to the design of the National Forest Program and which recommendations can be given.

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National Forest Program and Climate Change Challenges and Chances

  1. 1. 1. Central State Administration 2. Self-gavernmental administration 3. State Forest Holding 4. Environmental/Nature Prodtection administration 5. National Parks 6. Landscape Parks 7. Wood industry 8. Private forests 9. Private bussines 10. Science institutions 11. Forest NGO 12. Eco-NGO 13. Forest newspapers 14. Eco/Environment newspapers 15. Individuals/experts 16. Politicians TOTAL: 3279 14 2594 451 62 24 16 10 10 16 10 3 21 8 12 22 6
  2. 2. National Forest Program I Panel of Expert
  3. 3. 4 roles of forests in CLIMATE change: 1. „cause” - deforestation 2. „victim” - increased vulnerability 3. „beneficiary” - greenhouse effect 4. „remedy” - carbon sequestration (wood, soil), wood as substitute fossil fuels & materials, selfregeneration ability
  4. 4. CLIMATE: main topics 1. Changes in natural ranges of forest tree species: the consequences for silviculture, forest protection, forest goods and services (functions) and landscape structure 2. State and prospect of forest resources: wood production, available harvest, carbon balance, forest age structure 3. Potential of carbon sequestration and storage: tree genetical and soil sink aspect 4. Changes in biodiversity: negative /positive impact; changes in ecological functions; invasion species 5. Increase of frequency and degree of impact of extreme weather events on forests (storms, drought, flood, heat, frost); 6. Impact on water balance in forest watershed; consequences on landscape level 7. Wood as a substitute of fossil fuels - forest biomass as source of energy 8. Wood as substitute of raw materials and products generating greenhouse gases (steel , concrete, plastics) 9. Production of wood outside of forest ecosysytem
  5. 5. RECOMMENDATIONS 1. Creation of monitoring network to observe and to record climate change symptoms in forest ecosystems;
  6. 6. RECOMMENDATIONS (cont.) 2. Verification of the system of Regionalization of Forests using climatic differenciation resulting from climate change and multifunctional forestry concept ;
  7. 7. RECOMMENDATIONS (cont.) 3. Elaboration of rules and procedures of forest management after climatic extreme events (storm; flood, frost/snow, drought)
  8. 8. RECOMMENDATIONS (cont.) 4. Verification of Program of Selection practised in Silviculture; New criteria of forest tree selection are needed : site plasticity, ability to adaptation, resistance to water stress, tolerance on heat , (…)
  9. 9. RECOMMENDATIONS (cont.) 5. Elaboration of increasing wood production methods outside of forests (GMT ?); mobilisation of wood reserves in the forest ecosystems, forest plantations, agro-forestry cultures, other wooded lands in State Forest as well as in private forests;
  10. 10. RECOMMENDATIONS (cont.) 6. Promotion of wood usfulness and utilization: as a renewable energy source and as a substitute of high emission materials and products;
  11. 11. RECOMMENDATIONS (cont.) 7. Verification of forest management methods from point of view of spatial planning; Harmonization of forest management and spatial plenning on landscape level;
  12. 12. RECOMMENDATIONS (cont.) 8. Close cooperation is needed between forest and water management; extension of Small Water Retension Program in the forest;
  13. 13. RECOMMENDATIONS (cont.) 9. Implementation of a coherent policy concept of nature protection in the forest by forest management methods (multifunctional forestry);
  14. 14. RECOMMENDATIONS (cont.) 10. Forest and Forestry, dealing with 1/3 country territory and being decisive part of environment, merit to have a special position in the longterm national economical planning and environmental policy.
  17. 17. HORIZONTAL PLANNING (!) cross-sector strategy
  18. 18. • One country is not able to do much for climate of this planet – one sector is not able to do much for a country in front of climate change. • We should develop the cross-sector strategy and co-operate with others like: agriculture and rural areas, industries and energy, , regions and landscape/spatial planning, tourism and recreation, finance, health, science, education and research. By this way we have to build a kind of “Green Economy” . • The best place and adequate framework to implement crosssector strategy is National Forest Program where all rules of common responsibility and cooperation are respected and all interests of all forest stakeholders should be presented.
  19. 19. THANK YOU