Moving from reducing deforestation to efficient land use

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Forty-two percent of the Amazon Forest has been declared as protected, but deforestation is still a present threat. This presentation discusses what measures Brazil has taken to reduce deforestation in the Amazon Forest, why deforestation is still occurring, and what barriers there are to intensifying agricultural land use as an alternative to clearing more land.

Paulo Barreto of IMAZON (Amazon Institute of People and the Environment) gave this presentation on 15 June 2012 at the ‘Economic and policy drivers of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon’ side event organised by CIFOR at Rio+20. The event aimed to review the recent economic and social drivers of the deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon region, and to analyse to what extent environmental policies have been effective in decreasing deforestation rates recently.

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Moving from reducing deforestation to efficient land use

  1. 1. Moving from reducing deforestation to efficient land use Paulo Barreto IMAZON pbarreto@imazon.org.br
  2. 2. 42% of territory as protected areas
  3. 3. Confiscation of 3,000 cattle  June 2008Photos: IBAMA
  4. 4. 10,000 embargoed areas  as of early April 2012 in the three States with most deforestationSource: http://siscom.ibama.gov.br/mapas/
  5. 5. Why so much deforestation?• Poor enforcement• Subsidized rural credit• Small holders
  6. 6. 2005‐2009 Rosa et al, in press
  7. 7. 11 million hectares of underutilized pastureSource of data: INPE/EMBRAPA
  8. 8. Why excessive deforestation? Tax evasion Quasi‐open  Low land  access to  tax land Extensive  land use
  9. 9. Barriers to intensification Land  suitability Excessive  rainfall Topography
  10. 10. Barriers to intensification Risk Unclear land  tenure Unstable  environmental  rules
  11. 11. Barriers to intensification Capacity  Knowledge Poor infrastructure
  12. 12. Stable and  robust  Smart  environmental  infrastructure lawsLand tenure  Training and tax Efficient  land  use

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