Miguel Segur Pelayo

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This is the presentation by Miguel Segur Pelayo at the Global Landscapes Forum

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Miguel Segur Pelayo

  1. 1. Forest carbon sink (MTCO2E· y-1) Error Forest (M Forest/Lan ha) d Forest carbon sink (TCO2E·ha-1·y-1) figure from to Boreal Forest 1.835 16% 852 43% 2,2 2,0 2,3 Temperate Forest 2.936 11% 1.520 22% 1,9 1,8 2,0 Tropical Forest 9.909 35% 2.234 37% 4,4 4,1 4,4 Tropical Forest (incl. deforestation) 5.872 103% 2,6 1,6 3,7 4.606 Total Global gross forest sink Global net forest sink 31% 14.680 18% 4.606 31% 3,2 3,0 3,4 4.404 71% 4.606 31% 1,0 0,2 1,7 FRA 2010, PAN 2012
  2. 2. MMA 2010
  3. 3. Secano costero (coastal drylands) Secano Interior (inner drylands) Approxima te number of smallholde rs Approxima te total coverage of smallholdi ngs ha Agro-climatic zone (West to East or "costa a cordillera") Average landholdin g size of smallholde rs # ha Non-planted forest in smallholdings ha % Typical mean tempera ture Typical mean precipita tion ºC mm/yr ΔT 2050 ºC ΔP 2050 % mm/yr 32 41.000 1.129.000 246.000 22% 15,4 874 1,5 10% - 218 29 37.000 978.000 185.000 19% 16,1 698 1,7 11% - 175 Valle Regable (irrigated valley) 11 85.000 708.000 85.000 12% 15,7 1.000 1,9 12% - 235 Pre-Cordillera (pre-Andes) 49 25.000 937.000 225.000 24% 10,2 1.821 2,2 22% - 349 459 11.000 2.289.000 825.000 36% 6,3 1.770 2,4 38% - 343 199.000 6.041.000 1.566.000 26% Cordillera (Andean range) Production activities Primary land use issues % Overgrazing, Goat and -25% habitat sheep, tourism fragmentation Goat and Deforestation, -25% sheep, erosion, firewood overgrazing Grapes, berries for export; Salinisation, wine aquifer -24% production, depletion, dairy; agrochemicals commercial tree breeding Trees (apple, Deforestation, -19% nut), dairy, erosion, wine, firewood overgrazing Livestock Overgrazing, -19% grazing, erosion firewood
  4. 4. Conservation value Species 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Olivillo Ciprés de la Cordillera Belloto del Centro Belloto del Norte Tiaca Naranjillo Patagua Peumo Trevo Canelo Notro Ulmo Guindo santo Gevuín Palma chilena Bollén Tepa Laurel Litre Arrayán Pitra Rarán Ruil Raulí Ñirre Coihue Hualo Huala Pellín Lingue Pitao Mañío Lleuque Quillay Sauce chileno Mañío de hojas cortas Molle Tineo Pehuén Keule Aextoxicon punctatum Austrocedrus chilensis Beilschmiedia berteroana Beilschmiedia miersii Caldcluvia paniculata Citronella mucronata Crinodendron patagua Cryptocarya alba Dasyphillum diacanthoides Drimys winteri Embothrium coccineum Eucryphia cordifolia Eucryphia glutinosa Gevuina avellana Jubaea chilensis Kageneckia oblonga Laurelia philipiana Laurelia sempervirens Lithrea caustica Luma apiculata Myrceugenia exsucca Myrceugenia obtusa Nothofagus alessandrii Nothofagus alpina Nothofagus antartica Nothofagus dombeyi Nothofagus glauca Nothofagus leonii Nothofagus obliqua Persea lingue Pitavia punctata Podocarpus saligna Prumnopitys andina Quiullaja saponaria Salix humboldtiana Saxegothaea conspicua Schinus latifolius Weinmannia trichosperma Araucaria araucana Gomortega keule endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic endemic, Red List endemic, Red List Environmental value forage polinisation fruit, forage spiritual (mapuche) polinisation fruit polinisation, fruit restoration restoration restoration Socio-economic value fine wood, ornamental fine wood, ornamental ornamental ornamental ornamental medicinal, ornamental, fine wood, ornamental, fine wood, ornamental, ornamental fine wood, ornamental, fine wood, ornamental fine wood, ornamental, ornamental fine wood, ornamental ornamental forage, restoration restoration fruit fruit chemicals chemicals fine wood, ornamental fine wood fine wood fine wood, ornamental, chemicals ornamental ornamental fine wood, ornamental fine wood, ornamental restoration fruit, forage chemicals chemicals chemicals fine wood fine wood, chemicals fine wood, chemicals fine wood, chemicals fine wood, chemicals ornamental fine wood fine wood, ornamental chemicals medicinal fine wood fine wood, ornamental fine wood, ornamental chemicals Potential surface (000 ha) 6.100 310 220 200 2.000 1.100 3.700 7.400 6.100 5.200 5.600 2.700 760 2.300 320 5.000 2.500 5.200 10.700 6.500 4.900 6.200 80 2.700 2.000 4.600 1.300 70 4.500 6.000 210 4.700 1.000 10.300 200 3.600 2.000 2.500 1.200 110
  5. 5. Enabling conditions Prerequisites Enabling framework Knowledge and skills Economic disincentives Regulations Capacities Information and awareness Stimuli Capital Permanent incentives Economic incentives Market incentives Mechanisms UNDP 2010, OECD 2010, OECD 2013
  6. 6. Canon • Definition of landscape • Definition of partnership ⇋ Participative evaluation of the baseline • Definition of a common vision • Definition of strategic objectives - ecosystem services productive activities livelihoods for vulnerable population governance/institutionality (incl KMCD for CBOs) • Definition of a governance for the partnership ⇋ Work plan formulation, its participative validation, definition of indicators • Knowledge management and networking Best practice • • • • • • • The partnership is not a response to a concrete financial incentive Participants make a voluntary and explicit commitment to the sustainability of the territory Participants are public and private entities that concur in equal terms The partnership is established formally and permanently Personal leadership is strong and distributed. More than one person leads the process The prescription is the process, not the outcome. The partnership muddles through Technical support is of high quality IUCN 2008, CBD SBSTTA 2011, UNDP 2013
  7. 7. NEST + Aguas Aconcagua DCSBA NavidadPichilemu-Litueche Caleu DCSBA EmpedradoCauquenes Los Sauces DCSBA Putaendo-San Felipe-Calle LargaSan Esteban DCSBA QuirihueCopquecuraPortezuelo-Ninhue Limarí ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ? ? ? ✔ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ✔ ✔ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ? ? ? ? ? ? Definition of strategic objectives: productive activities ✔ ? ? ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ? ? ? ? ? ? Definition of strategic objectives: livelihoods for vulnerable population ? ✔ ✔ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Definition of strategic objectives: governance/institutionality (including institutional strenghtening for CBOs) ✔ ✔ ✔ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Definition of a governance for the partnership ? ✔ ✔ ✔ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Work plan formulation, its participative validation, definition of indicators ✔ ✔ ✔ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Knowledge management and networking ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ? ✔ ? ? The partnership is not a response to a concrete financial incentive ? ✔ ✔ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Participants make a voluntary and explicit commitment to the sustainability of the territory ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ? ✔ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Participants are public and private entities that concur in equal terms ? ✔ ✔ ? ? ? ? ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ The partnership is established formally and permanently ? ? ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ? ? ? ? ? ? Personal leadership is strong and distributed: more than one person leads the process ✔ ? ✔ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? The prescription is the process, not the outcome. The partnership muddles through ? ✔ ✔ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Technical support is of high quality ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ Administrative region RM VI IX V IV RM VI RM VII IX V VII IV PdC Alhué (Paine) BM Cachapoal BM Araucarias Alto Malleco Definition of landscape ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ Definition of partnership ? ✔ ✔ Participative evaluation of the baseline ? ✔ Definition of a common vision ✔ Definition of strategic objectives: ecosystem services Definición explícita NEST + Aguas Maipo- DCSBA CombarbaláMapocho Canela-Illapel Best practice

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