CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry


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Presentation by Frances Seymour, Director General of CIFOR
CGIAR Research Program on
Forests, Trees and Agroforestry at Third Meeting of the Independent Science Partnership Council event

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CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry

  1. 1. CGIAR Research Program onForests, Trees and Agroforestry
  2. 2. CGIAR strategic objectivesCreate and accelerate sustainable increases in the productivity andproduction of healthy food by and for the poorConserve, enhance and sustainably use natural resources andbiodiversity to improve the livelihoods of the poor in response to climatechange and other factorsPromote policy and institutional change that will stimulateagricultural growth and equity to benefit the poor especially rural women poor,and other disadvantaged groups
  3. 3. The forests/trees/agroforestry / / g y contribution: CRP6
  4. 4. Deforestation – 13 million ha/year /y Source: FAO Forest Resource Assessment (FRA) 2010 Net change in forest area 2005-2010 (in ha per year)
  5. 5. Tree cover on farmsNearly half of agricultural land has more that 10% tree cover
  6. 6. Why are forests and treesimportant? Livelihoods90% of the 1.4 billion people living in extremepoverty depend on forest resources for some partof their livelihoodsForest-adjacentForest adjacent households derive approximately24% of their income from forests on averageBushmeat accounts for up to 80% of the proteinin take of people living in Central African forestsIn rural Africa, forests supply up to 80% of rural Africaenergy needsForest industry is the largest formal sectoremployer in many rural areas
  7. 7. Why are forests and treesimportant? EnvironmentForests contain the preponderance of theEarth sEarth’s terrestrial biodiversity, including wild biodiversityrelatives of important cropsForest systems provide environmentalservices important to the agriculture sector sector,including hydrological regulation andpollination, as well as fodder and soil fertilityenhancementDeforestation and land use changecontribute 12–18% of the world’s totalannual carbon emissionsForest systems provide an important sourceof resilience for adaptation to climatechange
  8. 8. Consultative development process 7 February: Full draft proposal re‐ 7 February: Full draft proposal re‐ submitted to Consortium Board 25 January: 18 partners provide comments  19 January 2011: Revised draft sent to 100+ partners 24 December: Consortium Board + 4 independent reviewers p provide comment on full draft  6 September: Full draft submitted to Consortium Board 27 August: 34 partners provide comments  14 July: Full draft proposal sent to 171 partners 5 July: 73 respondents agree to provide comment on full draft proposal 27 May 2010: 20 page concept note sent to 328 partners 
  9. 9. CRP6 aspirationsIntegration across scales, ecosystems, g ysectors, and disciplines • Trees on farms to undisturbed forests • Species-level genetic diversity to global policyLong-term, global comparative research • Potential “sentinel landscapes”Impact-driven • Clear impact pathways • Dynamic communication of knowledge • Strategic partnerships to change policy and practice
  10. 10. Overall impact strategy
  11. 11. Illustrative impacts on forestsResearch will target:Research will target: • 46% of global forest cover,  • 1.3 billion hectares of closed forests and  • 500 illi h f 500 million ha of open and fragmented forests df t df tImpact pathways will lead to:I t th ill l d t 0.5 to 1.7 million ha of avoided deforestation/year 0.16 0 68 0 16 to 0.68 gigatons carbon dioxide emissions averted/year 9.3 to 27.8 million ha with improved management practices
  12. 12. Illustrative impacts on people Research will target:• approximately 500 million people living in or close to forestsImpact pathways will lead to: Enhanced production and management options for at least 3 million producers and traders and their families A doubling of incomes from forest and agroforestry products for target households through increases in tree, land, and labor productivity An additional 60 million people benefiting from accelerated availability of funding for climate adaptation programs An increased supply of REDD+ credits worth between US$108 million and US$2695 million per year through increased efficiency Significant improvements in access of women of benefits provided through forests, trees and agroforestry
  13. 13. Components p Smallholder production systems and markets Management and conservation of forest and tree resources Environmental services and l d l d landscape management Climate change adaptation and mitigation Impacts of trade and investment on forests and people
  14. 14. Conceptual framework
  15. 15. Component 1 Smallholder production systems and markets Research Enhancing management and production systems for themes smallholders (food security and nutrition) Increasing income generation and market integration for smallholders Improving policy and institutions to enhance social assets to secure rights in forest- and tree-dependent communities
  16. 16. Example of Component 1 researchICRAF collaboration with Unilever SNV and IUCN on improving Unilever, SNV,propagation, survival, and growth rates supported smallholders toplant 100,000 improved Allanblackia seedlings.
  17. 17. 2 Management and conservation of forest and tree M t d ti ff t dtComponent resources Research themes Understanding threats to important tree species and formulating genetic conservation strategies Conserving and characterizing high-quality germplasm of important tree crops and their wild relatives Developing improved silvicultural, monitoring and management practices for multiple use Developing tools and methods to resolve conflicts over distribution of benefits and resource rights
  18. 18. Example of Component 2 research p pImproved timber harvesting practices could reduce 10% oftotal emissions linked to deforestation, and support multipleuse of forests for NTFPs and biodiversity conservation.
  19. 19. 3 Environmental services and l d E i t l i d landscapeComponent management Research Understanding drivers of forest transition themes Understanding the consequences of forest transition for environmental services and livelihoods Learning landscapes: dynamics of multi-functionality
  20. 20. Example of Component 3 researchAction research undertaken by CIFOR and ICRAF on co-management of forests between local communities andgovernment in Guinea led to a decrease in the incidence offire, improved wildlife habitat, and increases in local incomes.
  21. 21. Component 4 Climate change adaptation and mitigation Research Harnessing forests, trees and agroforestry for themes climate change mitigation Enhancing climate change adaptation Understanding synergies between climate change mitigation and adaptation
  22. 22. Example of Component 4 researchJoint CIFOR-CATIEresearch on tropicalforests and climatechange adaptation inHonduras influenced thedesign of one of the firstprojects ever approvedby the UNFCCC’sAdaptation Fund Board
  23. 23. Links between CRP6 and CRP 7CRP6, Component 4 Lessons from mitigation & forest:  CRP 7 application to agriculture Theme 1 Theme 3 Agriculture as a driver of  deforestation Pro‐poor  Mitigation CC mitigation Landscape approach to  mitigation, including MRV,  Theme 3 Theme 4 inst. arrangements, etc Mitigation‐ Integration for  Integrated approach to  adaptation  adaptation adaptation and mitigation in  decision making d ii ki synergies landscapes and policies Theme 2 Theme 1 and 2 Data, approaches, tools and  Adaptation to  Adaptation to methods for adaptation progressive CC and  Adaptation through managing  Landscape and multi sectoral approach to adaptation pp p climate risk
  24. 24. Component 5 Impacts of trade and investment on forests and people Research Understanding the processes and impacts of forest- themes related trade and investment Enhancing responses and policy options to mitigate the negative impacts and enhance the positive impacts of trade and investment
  25. 25. Example of Component 5 researchResearch on the implications of h h l fbiofuel expansion on forests andforest communities
  26. 26. Example of Component 5 research p pResearch on Indonesia’s pulp and paper industry helped avertR h I d i ’ l d i d t h l d tthe loss of 135,000 hectares of natural tropical rainforest,valued at US$ 133 million in carbon emissions
  27. 27. Cross-cutting theme:GenderApproach: Gender disaggregated data collection and analysis Gender appropriate research methods Partnerships with key organizations to build capacity & share knowledgeExample of research:Study on barriers to women’s participationin forest decision-making and benefit- decision making benefitsharing in Nicaragua and Uganda
  28. 28. Cross-cutting approach:Sentinel Landscapes Follows key recommendation from the 2009 social science “stripe” review commissioned by the CGIAR Science y Council Builds on the CGIAR’s comparative advantage to conduct long-term, comparative research ti h Generates data about the drivers and impacts of land use change, as well as approaches to threats and benefits for environmental resilience and the poor Integrates research and impact pathways to exploit potential synergies across all CRP6 components
  29. 29. Communications and knowledgesharing “Hurricane” model enabled by increased connectivity i i
  30. 30. Impact pathway example: climate change
  31. 31. International, national and local partnerships t hiLevels/Types Research Partners Policy and Practice  Knowledge‐sharing  Partners PartnersInternational CIRAD, IRD, CSIRO,  CPF, FAO, UNEP, World  BBC World Service  Forest Landscape  Bank, UN‐REDD, IPCC,  Trust, Panos, UN‐ Denmark, IUFRO,  D k IUFRO FSC, IUCN  FSC IUCN REDD, CPF, IUCN REDD CPF IUCN Norwegian University  of Life SciencesRegional CATIE, Amazon  CATIE Amazon AFF, COMIFAC, Asia  AFF COMIFAC Asia RECOFTC, STCP,  RECOFTC STCP Initiative, ANAFE, FARA,  Forest Partnership,  CATIE  SEANAFE; ASARECA,  ECOWAS CORAF, SAARD, STCP,  SA/AP/LAFORGEN, Country or  NARS, local/national  NARS, government,  Local NGOs and local research organizations,  CBOs, NGOs, private  networks,  FORDA sector companies  t i government t
  32. 32. Management structure
  33. 33. Budget needs (2011-2013) (2011 2013)Two scenarios: “Business as usual +” Business + $234 million “What it takes” What takes $293 millionOutput-level planning and budgeting exercise targeted for p p g g g g completion in June along with CRP6 Medium Term Plan
  34. 34. MilestonesCRP6 proposal review/approval by: • Consortium Board (March) • Independent Science and Partnership Council • Fund Council (April)Establishment of CRP6 infrastructure: • Steering Committee ( g (February) y) • Component Implementation Teams (March-April) • Management Support Unit (July)Planning and b d tiPl i d budgeting: • CRP6 MTP (June)
  35. 35. Opportunities to capture pp pAdditional knowledge to be generated through long‐term, global comparative approachAdditional synergies to be gained by integrating across landscapes, scales, and disciplinesAdditional impacts to be achieved through strategic Additi li t t b hi d th h t t ipartnerships
  36. 36. Challenges to addressAppropriate linkages to other CRPsMethods – integration of diverse approachesManagement – inclusive and strategic decision‐making Management inclusive and strategic decision makingprocesses without excessive transaction costsMoney – capturing the opportunities and managing partner  y p g pp g gpexpectations without significant additional funding commitments on the table 
  37. 37.