How can land use modelling support planning of REDD+ for multiple benefits?

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This presentation by Dr Rebecca Mant from REDDPAC talks about how to intergrate multiple benefits into REDD+ like biodiversity. It also explains what land-use models can provide, how those can be linked to biodiversity impacts and what effects that has in reality.

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  • Provisioningservices: Goodsorproductsobtainedfromecosystems;Regulatingservices: Contribution of ecosystemsto control of natural processes, e.g.watercycle; Cultural services: Immaterialbenefitsobtainedfromecosystems;Supportingservices: Natural processesthatfacilitatetheprovision of otherservices, e.g.soilformation.Biodiversityunderpinsallecosystemservices.
  • That REDD+ actions are consistent with the conservation of natural forests and biological diversity, ensuring that they are not used for the conversion of natural forests, but are instead used to incentivize the protection and conservation of natural forests and their ecosystem services, and to enhance other social and environmental benefits;
  • Have seen the work within REDD-PAC in Brazil, the REDD-PAC project is also focused on the Congo Basin working with Comifac which Martin will exlpain later but I lead the work at UNEP-WCMC which is focused on the biodiveresity impact of land use chanr
  • Policy and scenarios mentioned
  • Policy and scenarios mentioned
  • How can land use modelling support planning of REDD+ for multiple benefits?

    1. 1. How can land use modelling support planning of REDD+ for multiple benefits? Dr Rebecca Mant
    2. 2. Landscapes have multiple functions - biodiversity, forestry, agriculture, climate regulation Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 2
    3. 3. REDD+ policies • Need to take account of, and will impact on, the different parts of the landscape • Impacts will vary depending on what, how and where activities and policies are implemented Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 3
    4. 4. REDD+ activity Reduced deforestation Risks to biodiversity Displacement of land-use change to non-forest or low-carbon ecosystems Opportunities for biodiversity conservation Slowed habitat loss and fragmentation Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 4
    5. 5. Why biodiversity in REDD+? • REDD+ Cancun Safeguards • The Aichi Targets e.g. Target 5 By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved ..... • Target 15 By 2020, ... the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, ..., including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, .... Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 5
    6. 6. Land use models (e.g. GLOBIOM) - what can they provide? Emissions Possible future land use under different scenarios and policy options CO2 Production Biodiversity Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 6
    7. 7. Linking land use models to biodiversity impacts Land use/cover change from GLOBIOM Changes in “important” areas o areas designated as important for biodiversity o ecosystems of concern Changes within species ranges o Different types of species o All species combined Model species responses to impacts o Predicts project Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 7
    8. 8. Change in biodiversity priority areas – e.g. preliminary results for the DRC Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 8
    9. 9. Change in biodiversity priority areas – e.g. preliminary results for the DRC Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 9
    10. 10. Change within species ranges e.g. preliminary results from DRC 0.1 Total impact on threatened species ranges 0 -0.1 IUCN distribution data on mammal, bird, amphibia n species (total 1637 in DRC) -0.2 + -0.3 Species habitat preferences -0.4 -0.5 -0.6 -0.7 -0.8 -0.9 Dendromus kahuziensis Caprimulgus prigoginei Hyperolius leleupi - All montane forest spp. Change in suitable habitat within extent of occurrence of each species Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 10
    11. 11. Change within species ranges e.g. preliminary results from DRC 0.1 Total impact on threatened species ranges 0 -0.1 Spatial distribution of impact across species -0.2 -0.3 -0.4 -0.5 -0.6 -0.7 -0.8 -0.9 Dendromus kahuziensis Caprimulgus prigoginei Hyperolius leleupi - All montane forest spp. Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 11
    12. 12. 242 data sources 12,271 sites (67 countries) 1,143,856 records ~ 24,884 taxa Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 12
    13. 13. Outlook and way forward – Technical challenges • Validation of models • Data • Complexities of the real world  Complexity of land use models  Complex or simple assessments of biodiversity  Climate change impacts Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 13
    14. 14. Outlook and way forward – Policy and application • Policy decisions depend on more factors than can be modelled (e.g. conflict) • Identifying and assessing realistic policy options using appropriate scenarios • Accounting for multiple impacts (e.g. biodiversity, emissions, productivity) • Assessing and communicating uncertainty Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 14
    15. 15. Thank you rebecca.mant@unep-wcmc.org Land use models and biodiversity 24 November, 2013 15

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