Holistic Way Forward on Agriculture: 
Supporting Animal Welfare, Livelihoods, and Food Security
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Holistic Way Forward on Agriculture: 
Supporting Animal Welfare, Livelihoods, and Food Security

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This presentation by Geoff Orme-Evans from Humane Society International shows how animal agriculture will increase in its importance and therefore needs new solutions.

This presentation by Geoff Orme-Evans from Humane Society International shows how animal agriculture will increase in its importance and therefore needs new solutions.

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    Holistic Way Forward on Agriculture: 
Supporting Animal Welfare, Livelihoods, and Food Security Holistic Way Forward on Agriculture: 
Supporting Animal Welfare, Livelihoods, and Food Security Presentation Transcript

    • Holistic Way Forward on Agriculture: Supporting Animal Welfare, Livelihoods, and Food Security Geoff Orme-Evans Humane Society International 16 November 2013
    • About Humane Society International HSI, together with its partner organizations, constitutes one of the largest animal protection organizations in the world. Lab animals, wildlife, companion animals, and farm animals. Science-based organizations..
    • HSI-Farm Animals Cary Smith/The HSUS Guilherme Carvalho/HSI Michelle Riley/The HSUS
    • Reto Stöckli/NASA
    • Big Picture Challenges • Produce 70% more to feed 9 billion by 2050 • Needed Investments—developing country $83 bn/yr • Climate change – Contributions: IAASTD 30% – Impacts: water, temperature, production
    • Animal Agriculture • Now: – Over 70 billion land animals raised per year – Industrial systems: • 2/3 eggs and poultry • >50% of pork • Future: – Demand growth 2010-2050 • Meat 73% • Milk 58%
    • Global Land Animal Production 80 70 60 Number of Animals (billions) 50 40 30 20 10 0 1950 *Source: FAOSTAT (2013). 1960 1970 1980 1990 Year 2000 2010 2020
    • Animal Agriculture’s Environmental Impacts • Land – Uses 30% earth’s land – Animal feed uses >60% corn and barley; >97% soymeal – 70% deforested Amazon = grazing pastures • Water use and pollution – 6000 liters of water to produce 1 kg of chicken vs. less than half that for 1 kg of cereals • Air – 14.5% global, human-induced GHGs
    • Animal agriculture alone projected to emit >70% of sustainable level of global GHG emissions in 2050. Proposed GHG sustainability boundary. Not cool. *From Pelletier N and Tyedmers P. 2010. Forecasting potential global environmental costs of livestock production 2000-2050. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the US 107(43):18371-18374.
    • Impacts on Animal Agriculture • Rangeland drought • Pastoralists • Animal deaths
    • Cary Smith/The HSUS The HSUS
    • Erin Van Voorhies The HSUS
    • The HSUS
    • HSI The HSUS
    • Solutions? • Supply vs. Demand • Sustainable Consumption – Less animal products = environment and climate benefits – Public education
    • Compassionate Eating  The Three Rs     Refine production methods. Reduce consumption of animal products. Replace animal products with non-animal alternatives. Meatless Mondays
    • Supply-Side Solutions • Mitigation Concerns: – Feed changes and efficiency – Biogas subsidies – Shift to monogastrics • Adaptation: – Animal welfare can support, but more research is needed
    • Key Principles for Holistic Approach • Including and supporting all stakeholders • Ensuring multiple social and environmental outcomes • Ensuring consistency
    • Humane and Holistic Solutions • Provide support to fill research and knowledge gaps • Provide finance for sustainable, animal-welfarefriendly agriculture adaption—capacity building, research and extension, knowledge and tech transfer. • Work towards national, regional and local strategies for climate change adaptation and mitigation that ensure equitable, animal-welfare-friendly solutions for farm animal production. • Ensure that national, regional and local policies manage unsustainable demand for animal products.
    • Humane and Holistic Solutions • Evaluate, Enhance, and Safeguard Animal Welfare – Support for extensive pasture-based and mixed farming animal agriculture systems led by small farmers, particularly women – Further support for welfare improvements in industrial animal production systems
    • Cary Smith/The HSUS Thank you. Thank you!