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Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest
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Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest

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This presentations explains the national plan concerning forest restoration in Brazil, how they built it, how to motivate society and several strategies to make it a success.

This presentations explains the national plan concerning forest restoration in Brazil, how they built it, how to motivate society and several strategies to make it a success.

Published in: Education, Technology
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  1. Forest restoration: national plan, MMA actions lines and a zoom in Atlantic Forest Ministry of the Environment - MMA Secretariat of Biodiversity and Forests - SBF Department of Biodiversity Conservation – DCBio In Landscape approach to reforestation of Atlantic Rainforest, Brazil: socioenvironmental context and economic viability, Global Landscape Forum, Warsaw, 16-17.11.13
  2. Perspectives • Large-scale forest restoration • Bridging public policy with science • Ecological restoration with economic revenue to landowners • Funding for ecological restoration • Up scaling forest restoration supply chain • Integration of public agendas (federal, state, and county level) • Implementation of Brazilian Forest Code and the National Brazilian Biodiversity Target no. 15 – Ecological restoration
  3. Millions ha (Mha) Demand for restoration according to the Brazilian Forest code 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 8 6 5 Map: IBGE – 2004 2 Total = 21 Mha Amazônia Mata Atlântica Cerrado Caatinga Pantanal Pampa Demand for restoration per biogeographical domain adapted from Soares-Filho, B. S., 2013.
  4. What the Federal Government Plan (PPA12-15) defines about forest restoration ? • Goal: foster ecological restoration research and implementation in farms as a compliance with forest code and a new business • Targets: – Build a National Forest Restoration Plan 2014-19 – Define ecological restoration protocols and perform economic viability analyses for each biome – perform economic viability analyses for each biogeographical domain – Implement 12 CRADs (Reference Centers for Ecological Restoration)
  5. Target 1: build a National Forest Restoration Plan • Lessons-learned and best practices from past experiences • Structured on 3 major chapters: Motivation; Enabling Conditions and Implementation • Gaps and key success factors • with the support of IIS, WRI & IUCN
  6. How to build a plan that covers the several dimensions of forest restoration ? Natural regeneration Private lands Envrionmental Services Only native species Some exotic species Forest goods Public lands Assisted restoration
  7. How to motivate Brazilian society to join this endeavour?
  8. Which are the enabling conditions ?
  9. What about the implementation ?
  10. And the eleven strategies are… • MOTIVATE 1. Launch public awareness campaign on forest restoration 2. Launch landowner awareness campaign on forest restoration • ENABLE 3. Increase availability of native seeds and seedlings 4. Build markets for goods and services generated by restored forests 5. Strengthen institutional cooperation and policy coherence for forest restoration • IMPLEMENT 6. Improve financial mechanisms for forest restoration 7. Strengthen extension services and capacity building for forest restoration 8. Develop and implement a spatial planning and monitoring system for forest restoration 9. Increase research on forest restoration • TARGETED EFFORTS 10. Restore APP in riparian areas 11. Kick-start wide-scale natural regeneration
  11. Target 2: define ecological restoration protocols for each biogeographical domain Restoration methods clearing house Collect ecological restoration data in each biogeographical region Develop online database Provide information on methods and techniques *Partnership with Embrapa (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation)
  12. Target 3: perform economic viability analyses for each biogeographical domain Demand for restoration Ability to restore (structure) Analysis of costs, revenues, benefits, and risks of supply chain restoration Data analysis Bottlenecks and restoration business cases public policies to boost ecological restoration, based on economical analysis *Partnership with IIS, IPEA and Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact
  13. Target 4: implement 12 CRADs (Reference Centers for Ecological Restoration) • Activities: research, training and outreaching in ecological restoration • University and NGOs based centers • Governmental regulation (in process): procedure for formal mission and duties statement (criteria, scope of activities, target public) • Financial and institutional sustainability
  14. Nursery development Training courses Seedling production CRADs Outreach Photos: CRAD University of Brasília
  15. Biodiversity and Climate Change in Atlantic Forest • International Initiative for Climate Protection (IKI/BMU)
  16. Why Atlantic Forest? Biodiversity hotspot  Remaining vegetation • • • • • • • • 22% in different stages of regeneration 8% well conserved fragments (>100 ha) 20.000 plants 850 bird species 370 amphibian species 200 reptile species 270 mammal species 350 fish species  60% of endangered species  Protected areas  ~ 10.000.000 ha (8% of original cover) e 10 PA mosaics (570.000 ha)
  17. Few and isolated High fragmented but with some large blocks  245.173 fragments: • • • • 83% less than 50 ha (20% of area) 15% btw 50 - 500 ha (30% of area) 2% btw 500 - 10.000 ha (25% of area) 0,03% larger than 10.000 ha (25% of area)  High isolation (medium distance until the nearest forest): • 1,4 km incl. all fragments until  30 ha • 3,5 km incl. only fragments > 50 ha • 8,0 km incl. only fragments > 200 ha (fonte: Ribeiro, MC, Metzger, JP, Martensen, AC, Ponzoni, FJ, Hirota, MM. 2009. The Brazilian Atlantica Forest: How much is left and how is the remaining forest distributed? Implications for conservation. Biological Conservation 142) Foto: Pacto
  18. It’s key for the us … Ecosystem services  At stake • • • • 1,3 millions km2 (15% of Brazil) 17 states and more than 3.400 counties 120 millions (70 % Brazilian population) 80% of Brazilian GNP • Hydrological, climate, slope and soil protections • Tourism, and cultural values: key scenic landscapes Dunas da Cidreira (RS)
  19. The potential … The rationale:   remaining forest : 8 -22%   population concentration: 70 %   economical importance 80 % GDP  high value for restoration of ecosystem services  Forest restoration and connectiveness increase reduce impacts from expected increase of extreme climate events  High potential of carbon sequestration: high content, addionality and permanence  Perfect place for one of the largest forest restoration initiative (AF Restoration PACT : 15,4 millions ha) © Veracel Celulose Dunas da Cidreira (RS)
  20. What are the benefits … Socioenvironmental  Social aspects • New jobs and more incoming to poor local communities  Economical aspects • Strengthening of restoration custody chain • Land availability: 31 millions ha of low productivity pastures with low opportunity cost • Leakage risk could be neutralized with increase of pasture productivity exploring the low use of support capacity (34%) Foto: Pacto
  21. Some key inputs: Spatial strategy for Atlantic Forest  Long term monitoring of forest remaining fragments  Priority areas for biodiversity conservation  Priority areas for connectiviness increase by forest restoration biodiversity conservation connectiviness increase by forest restoration
  22. Inaction risks
  23. Costs with tragedy versus costs with effective management of Permanent Protection Areas – PPA in Teresópolis, Rio de Janeiro State (US dollars) PPA (river borders) Campo Grande neighborhood Minimum Maximum Bonsucesso neighborhood Minimum Maximum Costs with tragedy Structural Total Cost Non-Structural Total Cost Emergency Total Costs $6.774.194,04 $19.207.109,78 $1.692.826,18 $4.429.561,64 $75.208,71 $221.220,27 $24.972,44 $73.857,91 $406.292,09 $1.470.613,96 $316.460,71 $722.695,60 Externalities (mortality e morbidity) Total Costs with tragedy $54.896.490,49 $187.036.199,29 $7.100.512,71 $24.191.946,53 $62.152.185,33 $207.935.143,29 $9.134.772,04 $29.418.061,69 Costs with effective management of PPAs Costs with reallocation of settlements located on PPAs Costs with PPA reforestation $8.603.795,20 $2.765.218,62 $7.988.409,73 $766.577,78 $1.724.800,00 $488.888,89 $1.100.000,00 $19.505,69 $37.694,80 $72.392,22 $139.898,98 $0,00 Costs with urbanization of new settlements (out of PPAs) $2.978.236,80 $0,00 $183.873,07 $234.277,02 Opportunity costs of agriculture on PPAs Total Costs with effective management of PPAs $3.764.320,27 $10.366.290,00 $3.510.372,80 $9.462.585,73
  24. What are the best restoration models for Atlantic Forest ? Suzano’s area in Mucuri – BA Fibria’s area in Aracruz – ES Restoration associated with management of timber and non-timber forest products Experimental area – around 10 ha
  25. A taxonomy of forest restoration models
  26. Creating track records and better economical analysies Symbiosis - area in Trancoso, Porto Seguro - BA Investments in timber sector Current planting area – ~1000 ha of native species Goal – 100.000 ha
  27. 1988
  28. 2008
  29. 1988
  30. 2008
  31. Obrigado ! Carlos Alberto de Mattos Scaramuzza, PhD Director 55-61-2028-2028 carlos.scaramuzza@mma.gov.br

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