Dr Renata Giedych
Department of Landscape Architecture
Warsaw University of Life Sciences

Urban agriculture: structure,
f...
Background
• More than 50% of the world's population lives in
cities
• Over 800 million people worldwide depend on
food gr...
Urban agriculture in nutshell

TIO N
TIG A
MI

ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT
Cabannes, 2006

EN

MAR
K

N

DUCT I O
RO
P

RI SES
RP...
http://blogs.worldwatch.org/

Food security

URBAN FARM
Detroit

URBAN CROPS
Kibera slum, Nairobi

Warsaw University of Li...
http://inhabitat.com/

http://www.edenprairienews.com/

Leisure

EDIBLE PLAYGROUND
View Park, Prairiy
COMMUNITY GARDEN
Tem...
http://inhabitat.com/

http://www.brooklyngrangefarm.com/

Economic development

ROOFTOP FARM
Brooklyn Grange Farm, New Yo...
Benefits and risks of UA
• Mitigation of powerty
• Creationg sense of community
• Reduction of household waste
• Reduction...
Urban agriculture in Poland
The share of agricultural areas in cities

90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%

Agricultural lands

20...
Municipal policies
Existing agricultural areas

Planned land use changes

Spatial policy of Piastów
Warsaw University of L...
http://metromsn.gazeta.pl

http://kwiatkibratki.pl/wp-content/

Local initiatives

APIARY ON ROOFTOP
Hotel Hyatt Regency, ...
Allotment gardens general facts
4941 - number of allotment gardens colonies
43426,6 ha - total area of allotment gardens
3...
Problems of AG development
MUNICIPAL POLICY

 Allotment gardens are seen as a relict of a bygone era

CHANGES IN LEGISLAT...
Functions of AG
Social

Economic

Environmental

Decree on
allotment
gardens
1946



raising the level of the
health



...
Final remarks
• UA in Poland is not yet considered as a
tool of sustainable development of the
city
• It should find place...
Thanks for your attention!
contact: renata_giedych@sggw.pl
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Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges

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This presentation by Dr Renata Giedych from the Warsaw University of Life Sciences focuses on the role of urban agriculture in food security, leisure and economic development. It also shows the risks and benefits of urban agriculture.

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Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges

  1. 1. Dr Renata Giedych Department of Landscape Architecture Warsaw University of Life Sciences Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges
  2. 2. Background • More than 50% of the world's population lives in cities • Over 800 million people worldwide depend on food grown in cities • Circa 20% of the world’s food is produced in urban areas • Low income urban dwellers spend between 40% and 60% of their income on food each year Warsaw University of Life Sciences Dr Renata Giedych Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges
  3. 3. Urban agriculture in nutshell TIO N TIG A MI ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Cabannes, 2006 EN MAR K N DUCT I O RO P RI SES RP TE RE ET IS SURE LEI FOOD SECURITY SOCIAL INCLUSION CR IS SUB S IST LIV EHO ODS EDUCATION CULTURE HEALTH E NC A Warsaw University of Life Sciences Dr Renata Giedych Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges C TI O R EA N
  4. 4. http://blogs.worldwatch.org/ Food security URBAN FARM Detroit URBAN CROPS Kibera slum, Nairobi Warsaw University of Life Sciences Dr Renata Giedych Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges
  5. 5. http://inhabitat.com/ http://www.edenprairienews.com/ Leisure EDIBLE PLAYGROUND View Park, Prairiy COMMUNITY GARDEN Tempelhof Community Garden, Berlin Warsaw University of Life Sciences Dr Renata Giedych Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges
  6. 6. http://inhabitat.com/ http://www.brooklyngrangefarm.com/ Economic development ROOFTOP FARM Brooklyn Grange Farm, New York VERTICAL FARM Sky Greens Urban Farm, Singapore Warsaw University of Life Sciences Dr Renata Giedych Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges
  7. 7. Benefits and risks of UA • Mitigation of powerty • Creationg sense of community • Reduction of household waste • Reduction of urban heat Island • Reduction of ecological footprint • Sustaining wildlife • Contamination of crops Warsaw University of Life Sciences Dr Renata Giedych Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges
  8. 8. Urban agriculture in Poland The share of agricultural areas in cities 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% Agricultural lands 20% Other areas 10% 0% Gdańsk Toruń Bydgoszcz Wrocław Szczecin Poznań Kielce Rzeszów Lublin Katowice Kraków 16000 Łódź Warszawa • Farming is becoming less important in comparison to other functions • Local initiatives in infancy stage • Allotment gardens as main manifestation of urban agriculture 100% Decrasing of urban agricultural areas Warszawa 14000 Łódź Kraków 12000 Katowice Lublin 10000 Rzeszów Kielce 8000 Poznań Szczecin 6000 Wrocław Bydgoszcz 4000 Toruń 2000 Gdańsk Gdynia 0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Warsaw University of Life Sciences Dr Renata Giedych Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges
  9. 9. Municipal policies Existing agricultural areas Planned land use changes Spatial policy of Piastów Warsaw University of Life Sciences Dr Renata Giedych Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges
  10. 10. http://metromsn.gazeta.pl http://kwiatkibratki.pl/wp-content/ Local initiatives APIARY ON ROOFTOP Hotel Hyatt Regency, Warsaw COMMUNITY GARDEN Konopacki Palace Garden, Warsaw Warsaw University of Life Sciences Dr Renata Giedych Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges
  11. 11. Allotment gardens general facts 4941 - number of allotment gardens colonies 43426,6 ha - total area of allotment gardens 350-500 m2 - average size of allotment plot 967 766 - number of individual allotment plots 4 000 000 - number of users 88% - the share of urban allotment gardens in total 5500 5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Changes in number of allotment gardens colonies Warsaw University of Life Sciences Dr Renata Giedych Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges
  12. 12. Problems of AG development MUNICIPAL POLICY  Allotment gardens are seen as a relict of a bygone era CHANGES IN LEGISLATION  relaxation of allotment gardens protection rules OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE  claims of former owners of the land URBAN PRESSURE  allotment gardens are seen as a reserve for the urban development HIGH MARKET VALUE OF THE GROUND  pirice of the AG located close to the city centers Warsaw University of Life Sciences Dr Renata Giedych Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges
  13. 13. Functions of AG Social Economic Environmental Decree on allotment gardens 1946  raising the level of the health  raising the economic level of the AG users through the production of horticultural crops Workers allotment gardens act 1949  the use of free time for the benefit of health  improving of the financial situation of AG users through the production of crops for own use Workers allotment gardens act 1981  provide a place for active recreation  improving living conditions by cultivate crops for own use Familly gardens act 2005  forming a healthy human environment satisfy the needs of leisure and recreational activities  cultivating crops for own use    protection of the natural environment raising the environmental standards Warsaw University of Life Sciences Dr Renata Giedych Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges
  14. 14. Final remarks • UA in Poland is not yet considered as a tool of sustainable development of the city • It should find place in municipal policies as a measure to improove the quality of life • UA can play an important role in building more resilient and livabe cities Warsaw University of Life Sciences Dr Renata Giedych Urban agriculture: structure, functions, future challenges
  15. 15. Thanks for your attention! contact: renata_giedych@sggw.pl
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