Experience From a Pilot Project to Improve Forest Governance in the Artisanal Logging Sector in Northeastern DRC Ellen Bro...
Scope of Presentation <ul><li>Author Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Project to Improve Legal Framework of Artisanal Loggi...
 
Artisanal Logging  <ul><li>Small-Scale (50-500ha) or Single Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Opens Forest for Agriculture  </li></u...
 
 
Project Context <ul><li>Forest Code (2002) – Forest Sector Reform  </li></ul><ul><li>(Moratorium) </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Ex...
2010 Law at Provincial Parliament <ul><li>Methods (2008-2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Technical – Lawyer Analyzed Forest Code </...
Outcomes: Analysis of Legal Text <ul><li>11 of 34 “Taxes” are Legitimate  </li></ul><ul><li>Incentive to Under-Report Expl...
Outcomes: Stakeholder Consultations <ul><li>Loggers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarify Law  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop Ill...
Alternative to Artisanal Logging?CBFM  <ul><li>Management Plan & Code of Best Practice  </li></ul><ul><li>CBNRM Committee ...
First Attempt: Success and Failure? <ul><li>CBNRM Committee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mismanagement of Funds </li></ul></ul><u...
Positive Outcomes <ul><li>Logging Suspended and President of CBNRM Committee Replaced </li></ul><ul><li>Community Access t...
Challenges  Next Steps <ul><li>Control by Powerful Elites  </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Accountability  </li></ul><ul><li>Wea...
Anthropology MSc Research  <ul><li>Forest Governance Case Study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insights from Banana Community Loggi...
THANK YOU <ul><li>WCS DRC staff: Richard Tshombe and Henri Bisele </li></ul><ul><li>UCL: Katherine Homewood and Jerome Lew...
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Experience from a pilot project to improve forest governance in the artisanal logging sector in northeastern DRC

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Ellen Brown, Jean-Remy Makana

Presentation for the conference on
Taking stock of smallholders and community forestry
Montpellier France
March 24-26, 2010

Published in: Education
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Experience from a pilot project to improve forest governance in the artisanal logging sector in northeastern DRC

  1. 1. Experience From a Pilot Project to Improve Forest Governance in the Artisanal Logging Sector in Northeastern DRC Ellen Brown , MSc Candidate, Anthropology University College London with Jean-Remy Makana , Wildlife Conservation Society
  2. 2. Scope of Presentation <ul><li>Author Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Project to Improve Legal Framework of Artisanal Logging </li></ul><ul><li>Community Forestry Pilot Site </li></ul><ul><li>Future Research: Forest Governance </li></ul>
  3. 4. Artisanal Logging <ul><li>Small-Scale (50-500ha) or Single Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Opens Forest for Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict 1996-2002: Logging Boom (Significant Volume) </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Conflict Road Repair – Weak Regulation </li></ul>
  4. 7. Project Context <ul><li>Forest Code (2002) – Forest Sector Reform </li></ul><ul><li>(Moratorium) </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Existent Application Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralization (2006) – Bottom-Up Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Logging in “Community Forests” – Few Gain </li></ul>
  5. 8. 2010 Law at Provincial Parliament <ul><li>Methods (2008-2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Technical – Lawyer Analyzed Forest Code </li></ul><ul><li>On the Ground – Stakeholder Consultations & Workshops </li></ul>
  6. 9. Outcomes: Analysis of Legal Text <ul><li>11 of 34 “Taxes” are Legitimate </li></ul><ul><li>Incentive to Under-Report Exploitation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Area Tax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li><100 Hectares = Provincial Approval </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communities Lose Out </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Territory vs. Groupement </li></ul></ul>
  7. 10. Outcomes: Stakeholder Consultations <ul><li>Loggers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarify Law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop Illegal Taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State Revenue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loggers Respect Law </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local Communities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desire to Try CBFM </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. Alternative to Artisanal Logging?CBFM <ul><li>Management Plan & Code of Best Practice </li></ul><ul><li>CBNRM Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Permit Holder </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Society </li></ul><ul><li>Customary Authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Represents the State </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Community Logging Group </li></ul><ul><li>Technical </li></ul>
  9. 12. First Attempt: Success and Failure? <ul><li>CBNRM Committee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mismanagement of Funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Powerful President – Fear of Sorcery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Customary Chief Absent During Project Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient/Weak Monitoring by WCS </li></ul>
  10. 13. Positive Outcomes <ul><li>Logging Suspended and President of CBNRM Committee Replaced </li></ul><ul><li>Community Access to Affordable Building Material for Homes </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity to Build On: Equipment, Training, & Management Documents </li></ul>
  11. 14. Challenges Next Steps <ul><li>Control by Powerful Elites </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Weak Civil Society </li></ul><ul><li>Repeated Positive Experience Needed </li></ul><ul><li>Safeguards and More Oversight </li></ul><ul><li>Increase Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Continue Capacity Building </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for Community Rights </li></ul>
  12. 15. Anthropology MSc Research <ul><li>Forest Governance Case Study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insights from Banana Community Logging – Future REDD+ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Mapping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actors-Powers-Accountability Framework (Agrawal & Ribot 1999) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 16. THANK YOU <ul><li>WCS DRC staff: Richard Tshombe and Henri Bisele </li></ul><ul><li>UCL: Katherine Homewood and Jerome Lewis </li></ul><ul><li>Funding: WCS, IUCN and USAID </li></ul>
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