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Experience from a pilot project to improve forest governance in the artisanal logging sector in northeastern DRC
 

Experience from a pilot project to improve forest governance in the artisanal logging sector in northeastern DRC

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Ellen Brown, Jean-Remy Makana

Ellen Brown, Jean-Remy Makana

Presentation for the conference on
Taking stock of smallholders and community forestry
Montpellier France
March 24-26, 2010

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    Experience from a pilot project to improve forest governance in the artisanal logging sector in northeastern DRC Experience from a pilot project to improve forest governance in the artisanal logging sector in northeastern DRC Presentation Transcript

    • Experience From a Pilot Project to Improve Forest Governance in the Artisanal Logging Sector in Northeastern DRC Ellen Brown , MSc Candidate, Anthropology University College London with Jean-Remy Makana , Wildlife Conservation Society
    • Scope of Presentation
      • Author Collaboration
      • Project to Improve Legal Framework of Artisanal Logging
      • Community Forestry Pilot Site
      • Future Research: Forest Governance
    •  
    • Artisanal Logging
      • Small-Scale (50-500ha) or Single Trees
      • Opens Forest for Agriculture
      • Conflict 1996-2002: Logging Boom (Significant Volume)
      • Post-Conflict Road Repair – Weak Regulation
    •  
    •  
    • Project Context
      • Forest Code (2002) – Forest Sector Reform
      • (Moratorium)
      • Non-Existent Application Measures
      • Decentralization (2006) – Bottom-Up Approach
      • Logging in “Community Forests” – Few Gain
    • 2010 Law at Provincial Parliament
      • Methods (2008-2009)
      • Technical – Lawyer Analyzed Forest Code
      • On the Ground – Stakeholder Consultations & Workshops
    • Outcomes: Analysis of Legal Text
      • 11 of 34 “Taxes” are Legitimate
      • Incentive to Under-Report Exploitation
        • Area Tax
        • <100 Hectares = Provincial Approval
      • Communities Lose Out
        • Territory vs. Groupement
    • Outcomes: Stakeholder Consultations
      • Loggers
        • Clarify Law
        • Stop Illegal Taxes
      • Public Sector
        • State Revenue
        • Loggers Respect Law
      • Local Communities
        • Development
        • Desire to Try CBFM
    • Alternative to Artisanal Logging?CBFM
      • Management Plan & Code of Best Practice
      • CBNRM Committee
      • Permit Holder
      • Civil Society
      • Customary Authorities
      • Represents the State
      • Tradition
      • Community Logging Group
      • Technical
    • First Attempt: Success and Failure?
      • CBNRM Committee
        • Mismanagement of Funds
        • Powerful President – Fear of Sorcery
      • Customary Chief Absent During Project Activities
      • Insufficient/Weak Monitoring by WCS
    • Positive Outcomes
      • Logging Suspended and President of CBNRM Committee Replaced
      • Community Access to Affordable Building Material for Homes
      • Capacity to Build On: Equipment, Training, & Management Documents
    • Challenges Next Steps
      • Control by Powerful Elites
      • Lack of Accountability
      • Weak Civil Society
      • Repeated Positive Experience Needed
      • Safeguards and More Oversight
      • Increase Transparency
      • Continue Capacity Building
      • Advocate for Community Rights
    • Anthropology MSc Research
      • Forest Governance Case Study
        • Insights from Banana Community Logging – Future REDD+
      • Methods
        • Social Mapping
        • Actors-Powers-Accountability Framework (Agrawal & Ribot 1999)
    • THANK YOU
      • WCS DRC staff: Richard Tshombe and Henri Bisele
      • UCL: Katherine Homewood and Jerome Lewis
      • Funding: WCS, IUCN and USAID