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CGIAR Research Program 6 - An overview
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Forests are cut, temperatures rise and biodiversity is lost. The poor become poorer and indigenous cultures disappear. With the rise in temperatures, fires increase, droughts lengthen, floods spread, ...

Forests are cut, temperatures rise and biodiversity is lost. The poor become poorer and indigenous cultures disappear. With the rise in temperatures, fires increase, droughts lengthen, floods spread, and pests and diseases affecting livestock and plants adapt and multiply. What many are calling a 'perfect storm' gathers strength and the impact rolls across the developing world from the forests to the farms to the atmosphere. This scenario stems in large measure from the poor management of our forests, trees and wild genetic resources.

The CGIAR research program outlined in this presentation brings together four of the world's leading research centres in their respective subjects - the World Agroforestry Centre, CIFOR, CIAT and Bioversity - and channels them toward a clear objective: enhancing the management and use of forests, agroforestry and tree genetic resources across the landscape from forests to farms.

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CGIAR Research Program 6 - An overview Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Forests, Trees and Agroforestry -An overview
  • 2. CGIAR strategic objectives
    • Create and accelerate sustainable increases in the productivity and production of healthy food by and for the poor
    • 3. Conserve, enhance and sustainably use natural resources and biodiversity to improve the livelihoods of the poor in response to climate change and other factors
    • 4. Promote policy and institutional change that will stimulate agricultural growth and equity to benefit the poor, especially rural women and other disadvantaged groups
  • Why are forests important?
    90% of the 1.4 billion people living in extreme poverty depend on forest resources for some part of their livelihoods
    Forest-based activities in developing countries provide about 30 million informal jobs, and as much as 80% of formal sector jobs in Congo Basin
    Forests conservatively provide US$250 billion in various types of income
    Forests contain 80% of the Earth’s terrestrial biodiversity
    In Africa, more than 90% of wood removals from forest/woodland are for fuel
    Deforestation and land use change contribute 12–18% of the world’s total annual carbon emissions
    Bush meat accounts for around 80% of the protein in take of people living in Central African forests
  • 5. The forests/trees/agroforestry piece
  • 6. Consultative development process
    7 February: Full draft proposal re-
    submitted to Consortium Board
    25 January: 18 partners provide comments
    19 January 2011: Revised draft sent to 100+ partners
    24 December: Consortium Board + 4 independent reviewers
    provide comment on full draft
    6 September: Full draft submitted to Consortium Board
    27 August: 34 partners provide comments
    14 July: Full draft proposal sent to 171 partners
    5 July: 73 respondents agree to provide comment on full draft proposal
    27 May 2010: 20 page concept note sent to 328 partners
  • 7. Components
    Smallholder production systems and markets
    Management and conservation of forest and tree resources
    Environmental services and landscape management
    Climate change adaptation and mitigation
    Impacts of trade and investment on forests and people
  • 8. Conceptual framework
  • 9. 1
    Smallholder production systems and markets
    Component
    Research
    themes
    • Enhancing management and production systems for smallholders (food security and nutrition)
    • 10. Increasing income generation and market integration for smallholders
    • 11. Improving policy and institutions to enhance social assets to secure rights in forest- and tree-dependent communities
  • Example of Component 1 outcome
    • ICRAF collaboration with Unilever, SNV, and IUCN on improving propagation, survival, and growth rates supported smallholders to plant 100,000 improved Allanblackia seedlings.
  • Example of Component 1 research
    • CIFOR’s Poverty and Environment Network study of forest-based contributions to incomes in more than 8,000 households
    • 12. 40 study sites in 25 developing countries
    • 13. Income and other socio-economic and environmental data, collected on a quarterly basis over a 12-month period
    • 14. Majority of research carried out by 38 partners (mainly PhD students) from Asia, Africa & Latin America
  • 2
    Management and conservation of forest and tree resources
    Component
    Research
    themes
    • Understanding threats to important tree species and formulating genetic conservation strategies
    • 15. Conserving and characterizing high-quality germplasm of important tree crops and their wild relatives
    • 16. Developing improved silvicultural, monitoring and management practices for multiple use
    • 17. Developing tools and methods to resolve conflicts over distribution of benefits and resource rights
  • Example of Component 2 outcome
    • CIFOR assistance to the Forestry Stewardship Council’s efforts to refine FSC standards for small-scale operations with prospective application in Brazil, Cameroon, and Mexico
  • Example of Component 2 research
    • CIFOR research on barriers to integration of timber and Brazil nut production in the Western Amazon
  • 3
    Environmental services and landscape management
    Component
    Research
    themes
    • Understanding drivers of forest transition
    • 18. Understanding the consequences of forest transition for environmental services and livelihoods
    • 19. Learning landscapes: dynamics of multi-functionality
  • Example of Component 3 outcome
    Action research undertaken by CIFOR and ICRAF on co-management of forests between local communities and government in Guinea led to a decrease in the incidence of fire, improved wildlife habitat, and increases in local incomes.
  • 20. Example of Component 3 research
    CIFOR analysis of tenure constraints to PES-based approaches to forest conservation in Brazil
    Competitiveness of REDD supply
    Bottleneck: Land tenure chaos
    Legend
    Unknown tenure 53%
    Indigenous lands 9%
    Agricultural settlements 10%
    PA for sustainable use 9%
    Community lands <1%
    Registered properties 1%
    Cities
    Roads
    State limits
    Water
    Sources: IBAMA, INCRA 2007, Soares-Filho et al. 2006
  • 21. 4
    Climate change adaptation and mitigation
    Component
    Research
    themes
    • Harnessing forests, trees and agroforestry for climate change mitigation
    • 22. Enhancing climate change adaptation
    • 23. Understanding synergies between climate change mitigation and adaptation
  • Links between CRP6 and CRP 7
    Theme 1
    Theme 2
    Theme 3
    Theme 3
    Theme 1 and 2
    Theme 4
    Mitigation
    Adaptation
    Mitigation-adaptation synergies
    Pro-poor
    CC mitigation
    Adaptation to progressive CC and through managing climate risk
    Integration for decision making
    CRP6, Component 4
    CRP 7
    Lessons from mitigation & forest: application to agriculture
    Agriculture as a driver of deforestation
    Landscape approach to mitigation, including MRV, inst. arrangements, etc
    Integrated approach to adaptation and mitigation in landscapes and policies
    Data, approaches, tools and methods for adaptation
    Landscape and multi sectoral approach to adaptation
  • 24. Example of Component 4 outcome
    Joint CIFOR-CATIE research on tropical forests and climate change adaptation in Honduras influenced the design of one of the first projects ever approved by the UNFCCC’s Adaptation Fund Board
  • 25. Example of Component 4 research
    Learning from REDD: A global comparative analysis
  • 26. 5
    Impacts of trade and investment on forests and people
    Component
    Research
    themes
    • Understanding the processes and impacts of forest-related trade and investment
    • 27. Enhancing responses and policy options to mitigate the negative impacts and enhance the positive impacts of trade and investment
  • Example of Component 5 outcome
    CIFOR’s research on Indonesia’s pulp and paper industry helped avert the loss of 135,000 hectares of natural tropical rainforest, valued at US$ 133 million in carbon emissions.
  • 28. Examples of Component 5 research
  • 29. Cross-cutting themes
    Tenure
    Common methods across components
    Capacity-building
    Assessing gaps relevant to research, policy and practice
    Knowledge sharing and communications
    • Developing learning communities
  • Approach:
    Gender disaggregated data collection and analysis
    Gender appropriate research methods
    Partnerships with key organizations to build capacity & share knowledge
    Example of research:
    CIFOR study on barriers to women’s participation in forest decision-making and benefit-sharing in Nicaragua and Uganda
    Cross cutting themes: Gender
  • 30. Sentinel Landscapes
    • Follows key recommendation from the 2009 Stripe social science review commissioned by the CGIAR Science Council
    • 31. Builds on the CGIAR’s comparative advantage to conduct long-term, comparative research
    • 32. Generates data about the drivers and impacts of land use change, as well as approaches to threats and benefits for environmental resilience and the poor
    • 33. Integrates research and impact pathways to exploit potential synergies across all CRP6 components
  • International, national and local partnerships
  • 34. Communications and knowledge sharing
  • 35. Knowledge sharing highlights