Ministry of ForestryThe Republic of Indonesia                    Ruandha Agung Sugardiman                           INDONE...
1. Country experiences in improving   national forest monitoring.2. Assessing drivers of forest change   and implications ...
 Well established national forest monitoring system  should be continuously improved with sustainable  financial resource...
Country experiences in improving national forest monitoring                          Guyana                      Indonesia...
M                                                                R     ACTIVITY DATA                   EMISSION FACTORSate...
INPUT:                                                                                    OUTPUT:•   SPATIAL AND ATRIBUTE ...
• TSP/PSP (NFI)                                   • Remote sensing  • Balance of forest                               • La...
 Activity data  Activity data:  Land cover change: Landsat 5, Landsat 7  ETM+ (1990, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2006,  2009, 2011)...
PATH/ROW                                                          LANDSAT DATARemark: Landsat 7 ETM+ coverage for the whol...
4,03,5                                 3,513,0                                    2,832,52,0           1,871,5            ...
Cluster Plot (PSP/TSP) Distribution inGrid 20 X 20 km
..national approach, sub-national implementation..                              national approachRegional (main island)   ...
REDD+                          Compilation of all Regional Action1.760 million tCO2e                                      ...
Running the‘TASK & JOBDESCRIPTION’  With foreign  cooperation Toward readiness for REDD+
• Continuing Human Resources  Development  Dedicated team;• Empowering Implementation Unit   Institutions in the field;•...
Country experiences in improving   national forest monitoring       Ruandha Agung Sugardiman      Ministry of Forestry - I...
Country experiences in improving national forest monitoring
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Country experiences in improving national forest monitoring

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Ruandha Agung Sugardiman, from the Republic of Indonesia’s Ministry of Forestry, gave this presentation on 28 November 2012 at a joint CIFOR and GOFC-GOLD (Global Observation of Forest Cover and Land Dynamics) UNFCCC COP18 side-event in Doha, Qatar.

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Country experiences in improving national forest monitoring

  1. 1. Ministry of ForestryThe Republic of Indonesia Ruandha Agung Sugardiman INDONESIA
  2. 2. 1. Country experiences in improving national forest monitoring.2. Assessing drivers of forest change and implications for REDD+ MRV.3. Step-wise progress for REDD+. monitoring and reporting4. Uncertainties and REDD+ financial incentive benchmarks.
  3. 3.  Well established national forest monitoring system should be continuously improved with sustainable financial resources and capacity-development programme. Monitoring and reporting systems should be transparent, consistent, complete, comparable and accurate. Further investments will be needed for building strong leaderships, for clarifying mechanisms and procedures to encourage aggregation and scaling up diverse initiatives on field measurements and monitoring into robust national capacities.
  4. 4. Country experiences in improving national forest monitoring Guyana Indonesia Mexico VietnamForest cover / Low / Low High / Low High / High Low / Lowdeforestation (in some parts)MRV capacity Low, the only historical Medium, combining RS and Advanced, combining RS and Medium, MRV follows deforestation at national field inventory data multi forest inventory data strictly UNFCCC guidelines level for all carbon poolsSuccess • Focus on certain REDD+ • Existence of regulations on • Strong collaboration and • Long experiences of NFI onfactors and programme. climate change mitigation. public awareness regular basis andchallenges • National capacity relatively • Bridging different REDD+ supported by government. supported by Law. low. initiatives (national- • Lack of transparent data • Need better capacity international). sharing. building and institutional arrangement.Policy  Guyana’s low carbon  Preventing forest fire  Fire mitigation program  Land allocation programintervention development strategy  Combating illegal logging  Logging ban (1988)  Agriculture intensification (LCDS).  Suspending new permits  Ecotourism  Forest rehabilitation  Capacity building at on natural primary forests program different administrative and peat lands levels.  Establishing Timber Legality Verification System  One billion Indonesian trees programme (OBIT)REDD National REDD plan UN-REDD National REDD plan FCPFinitiatives FCPF REDD+ National Strategy FCPF UN-REDD UN-REDD FCPF UN-REDD
  5. 5. M R ACTIVITY DATA EMISSION FACTORSatellite Land Representation x National Forest Inventory = REDD+ GHG Inventory System (NFI) LULUCF UNFCCC Country level Inventory Monitoring systems at national level Inventory Emission (forest inventories) compilation Inventory QA/QC Database V UNFCCC Secretariat Roster of Experts
  6. 6. INPUT: OUTPUT:• SPATIAL AND ATRIBUTE DATA • THEMATIC MAP• ADMINISTRATIVE BOUNDARY • FOREST RESOURCES INFORMATION• LAND COVER • SPATIAL ANALYSIS RESULTS• CONCESSIONAIRE BOUNDARY• TSP/PSP GRID LAND COVER & LAND USE GIS LIST OF CLUSTER GRIDS AND STRATAINPUT: STEM VOLUME AND INPUT: AUXILIARIES• REMOTE SENSING DIGITAL SRATIFICATION • MASTER FILE OF FIELD DATA DATA• DATA FOR TRIALS RELATIONSHIP Processing application/ program DIAS FDS DATA FOR TRIALS TSP/PSP Data OUTPUT: OUTPUT: • IMAGERIES HARD COPY • FOREST RESOURCES STATISTIC • MOSAIC IMAGERIES • POTENCY (NATIONAL FOREST INVENTORY, Ministry of Forestry, 1996)
  7. 7. • TSP/PSP (NFI) • Remote sensing • Balance of forest • Land cover map resources • Forest resources- • Forest resources change- monitoring assessment Emission Forest Forest Activity factor inventory monitoring data Data Spatial data Mapping Spatialsharing and networking exchange analysis • Clearance house • Geographic of Spatial data information system • WebGIS • Modeling • Users’ involvement
  8. 8.  Activity data Activity data: Land cover change: Landsat 5, Landsat 7 ETM+ (1990, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2011) Emission factor Emission factor National Forest Inventory (NFI) Sample Plots: TSP/PSP • 1990-1996 ( 2.735 cluster plots) • 1996-2000 ( 1.145 cluster plots) • 2000-2006 ( 485 cluster plots) • 2006-2014 (>3.000 cluster plots)  Redesign NFI
  9. 9. PATH/ROW LANDSAT DATARemark: Landsat 7 ETM+ coverage for the whole Indonesia (217 scenes)
  10. 10. 4,03,5 3,513,0 2,832,52,0 1,871,5 1,37 1,17 1,081,0 0,83 0,78 0,76 0,68 0,61 0,450,5 0,41 0,50 0,32 0,22 0,30 0,130,0 1990-1996 1996-2000 2000-2003 2003-2006 2006-2009 2009-2011 1990-1996 1996-2000 2000-2003 2003-2006 2006-2009 2009-2011 Indonesia 1,87 3,51 1,08 1,17 0,83 0,45 Forest Land 1,37 2,83 0,78 0,76 0,61 0,32 Non Forest Land 0,50 0,68 0,30 0,41 0,22 0,13
  11. 11. Cluster Plot (PSP/TSP) Distribution inGrid 20 X 20 km
  12. 12. ..national approach, sub-national implementation.. national approachRegional (main island) Province District sub-national implementation Management Unit
  13. 13. REDD+ Compilation of all Regional Action1.760 million tCO2e Plans to reduce GHG emissions NATIONAL STRATEGY 553 million tCO2e 688 million tCO2e 92 million tCO2e 313 million tCO2e 58 million tCO2e 60 million tCO2e Subnational: regions, provinces, districts, management units Result: • The REL is defined by the central government. 1.Source carbon • Regional Action Plans to reduce GHG emissions must take into 2.Sink carbon account Regional Development Plans and Provincial Spatial Plans
  14. 14. Running the‘TASK & JOBDESCRIPTION’ With foreign cooperation Toward readiness for REDD+
  15. 15. • Continuing Human Resources Development  Dedicated team;• Empowering Implementation Unit  Institutions in the field;• Maintaining infrastructure and facilities  Improved and up-date regularly;• Raising cooperations (National and Foreign)  Networking;• Building strong leadership(s)  Personal and Institutional.
  16. 16. Country experiences in improving national forest monitoring Ruandha Agung Sugardiman Ministry of Forestry - INDONESIA
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