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COSTA RICAN LOW
CARBON DEVELOPMENT
STRATEGY

DR. RENÉ CASTRO SALAZAR
MINISTER OF ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
COSTA RICA C. A.

...
SOME YEARS AGO THIS WAS THE REALITY

It went from 75% of the country with forest in 1940 to 21% in
1987. Reversing defores...
STRIPTEASE
F
orest coverage increases due to
domestic incentives
Employment
generation
more than
25000
work/year

2010
Forest Coverag...
FOREST COVERAGE, GDP AND POVERTY
RATE, 1990-2010

MEETING ON FOREST POLICY WITH HEADS OF FORESTRY ADMINISTRATIONS OF THE M...
FOREST COVERAGE, GDP AND FEMALE’S
PARTICIPATION ON WORKING FORCE,
1990-2010

MEETING ON FOREST POLICY WITH HEADS OF FOREST...
THE WORLD'S TROPICAL FORESTS SHOULD INCREASE
IS IT POSSIBLE THE SALVATION OF TROPICAL FORESTS
FROM VIRTUAL EXTINCTION?

Es...
STUDY CONFIRMS ECONOMIC POTENTIAL
CONSERVATION IN COSTA RICA
• In 2009 protected areas generated US$1.5
billion according ...
Costa Rica
tourist visitation
New trails with universal accessibility
features in National Parks
SUSTAINABLE BIODIVERSITY
FUND (FBS)
Is a patrimony incorporating financial resources to assure long-term
payment for envir...
NEW PRODUCTS FROM BANCO NACIONAL
Prepaid Tourist Card

Credit Card
COUNTRY PROHIBITS CHEMICAL IMPORTS THAT DESTROYS THE
OZONE LAYER AND REDUCES PRODUCTION COSTS BY 20%

Methyl bromide was u...
PETECHIA SETOPHAGA “REINITAS” PROTECT COFFEE
CULTIVATION IN COSTA RICA

These birds reduce by about half the beetle infest...
CARBON NEUTRAL BY 2021
DOMESTIC MARKET

E

R

C

Emissions

Reductions

Compensation

22 million
ton CO2e

-

-

6 million...
CARBON NEUTRAL BY 2021
GLOBAL MARKET

∑ E - ∑R - ∑C ± ∑CERs ± ∑VERs =
0

Source: MINAE 2013
Year …2013

DONORS
63 Million

Fuel TAX
400Million

User
fee
H2O

BLUE CARBON
Capture
Capture

Capture

PES
Loa
n

s

Capt...
Carbon Board
Year 2013…

PARTNERS

PARTNERS

200 US $ Million

BANCO2

reductions

reductions

Guarantee, MRV, etc

CO2 Ne...
THANK YOU
DR. RENÉ CASTRO SALAZAR
MINISTER OF ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
COSTA RICA
CARBON INDIFFERENCE PRICE BETWEEN NATURAL FOREST
PROTECTION AND COMPETING AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES
(IN $/TONS OF CARBON)
Cr...
CARBON EMISSIONS REDUCTION IN EACH PROTECTED
AREA USING VARIOUS PRICE SCENARIOS
Price Scenarios
Proposed
Protected Area
Ex...
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Costa Rican Low Carbon Development Strategy

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Dr. René Castro Salazar, the minister of environment and energy of Costa Rica, explains Costa Rica's low carbon strategy including how they managed to increase their forest cover, how that affected tourism and how they will strive to further take advantage of their efforts.

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  • Se debe aclarar que la pobreza extrema se empieza a medir desde los años 90
  • Transcript of "Costa Rican Low Carbon Development Strategy"

    1. 1. COSTA RICAN LOW CARBON DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY DR. RENÉ CASTRO SALAZAR MINISTER OF ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY COSTA RICA C. A. 2013
    2. 2. SOME YEARS AGO THIS WAS THE REALITY It went from 75% of the country with forest in 1940 to 21% in 1987. Reversing deforestation seemed impossible ...
    3. 3. STRIPTEASE
    4. 4. F orest coverage increases due to domestic incentives Employment generation more than 25000 work/year 2010 Forest Coverage 52,38% More than 790 000 ha. 87% protection 13% other activities Source : Estudio de cobertura forestal de Costa Rica 2009-2010 - FONAFIFO
    5. 5. FOREST COVERAGE, GDP AND POVERTY RATE, 1990-2010 MEETING ON FOREST POLICY WITH HEADS OF FORESTRY ADMINISTRATIONS OF THE MENA COUNTRIES
    6. 6. FOREST COVERAGE, GDP AND FEMALE’S PARTICIPATION ON WORKING FORCE, 1990-2010 MEETING ON FOREST POLICY WITH HEADS OF FORESTRY ADMINISTRATIONS OF THE MENA COUNTRIES
    7. 7. THE WORLD'S TROPICAL FORESTS SHOULD INCREASE IS IT POSSIBLE THE SALVATION OF TROPICAL FORESTS FROM VIRTUAL EXTINCTION? Estimates cite an annual cost of $5-6 billion to replicate Costa Rica’s PES system over the tropical belt and realize an increase in forest coverage in those countries.
    8. 8. STUDY CONFIRMS ECONOMIC POTENTIAL CONSERVATION IN COSTA RICA • In 2009 protected areas generated US$1.5 billion according to a study of CINPE • These areas provide ecological, economic and social services. • This is reflected in two primary activities: tourism, with US$ 1.080 billion (70.% of contributions), and hydroelectric generation, with US$0.5 billion (26%). Sournce: http://wfnode01.nacion.com/2010-08-05/AldeaGlobal/NotaPrincipal/AldeaGlobal2472165.aspx
    9. 9. Costa Rica tourist visitation
    10. 10. New trails with universal accessibility features in National Parks
    11. 11. SUSTAINABLE BIODIVERSITY FUND (FBS) Is a patrimony incorporating financial resources to assure long-term payment for environmental services in areas of high biodiversity. 70 000 contribution members in 2013 Instrument of Banco Nacional, which latter institution directs 10%of its commission to the FBS. BN-Ecomarchamo is a voluntary emission mitigating program introduced by the SBF valid for a one-year compensation of average emission per vehicle Source: MINAET, The National Foundation for Forestry Financing (FONAFIFO) www.FONAFIFO.go.cr, may 2012
    12. 12. NEW PRODUCTS FROM BANCO NACIONAL Prepaid Tourist Card Credit Card
    13. 13. COUNTRY PROHIBITS CHEMICAL IMPORTS THAT DESTROYS THE OZONE LAYER AND REDUCES PRODUCTION COSTS BY 20% Methyl bromide was used in flowers, melon and strawberry plantations Source http://www.nacion.com/nacional/Costa-Rica-importar-quimicodestruye_0_1368063191.html
    14. 14. PETECHIA SETOPHAGA “REINITAS” PROTECT COFFEE CULTIVATION IN COSTA RICA These birds reduce by about half the beetle infestation Hypothenemus hampeiby, to make a coffee plantation medium size save up to $ 9,400 in crop per year, an amount almost equal to the average per capita income in Costa Rica. http://beta.nacion.com/vivir/ciencia/Reinitas-protegen-cultivo-Costa-Rica_0_1368063216.html
    15. 15. CARBON NEUTRAL BY 2021 DOMESTIC MARKET E R C Emissions Reductions Compensation 22 million ton CO2e - - 6 million ton CO2e Source: IMN, DSE, FONAFIFO, cálculos Ing. Feoli 16 million ton CO2e = 0
    16. 16. CARBON NEUTRAL BY 2021 GLOBAL MARKET ∑ E - ∑R - ∑C ± ∑CERs ± ∑VERs = 0 Source: MINAE 2013
    17. 17. Year …2013 DONORS 63 Million Fuel TAX 400Million User fee H2O BLUE CARBON Capture Capture Capture PES Loa n s Capture BAMBOO 52,3% 58% Agroforestry
    18. 18. Carbon Board Year 2013… PARTNERS PARTNERS 200 US $ Million BANCO2 reductions reductions Guarantee, MRV, etc CO2 Neutral Companies Capture NAMAs Blue Carbon Quick pass Mass transportation cleaner technologies Less emissions Less emissions Less emissions Sustainable Homes Renewable energies
    19. 19. THANK YOU DR. RENÉ CASTRO SALAZAR MINISTER OF ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY COSTA RICA
    20. 20. CARBON INDIFFERENCE PRICE BETWEEN NATURAL FOREST PROTECTION AND COMPETING AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES (IN $/TONS OF CARBON) Crop or Activity Private Natural Forest in the Buffer Zone of Protected Areas La Amistad Rincón de la Vieja Palo Verde Piedras Blancas Barra Honda Guanacast e Carara Barbilla Coffee Pineappl es 386 219 275 168 228 226 211 227 372 458 522 524 502 469 549 487 Watermelo n 309 378 432 431 415 389 455 403 Avocado Plantain Tomatoe s Forest Plantatio n 245 298 342 338 327 307 360 320 244 297 341 337 326 306 359 319 170 204 236 228 224 211 248 221 124 35 71 14 51 50 54 62 102 118 140 129 130 124 147 131 Banana 63 71 86 74 78 76 90 81 Oranges 61 68 83 70 75 73 87 78 Sugar Cane Ref: Castro Valuing 25 35 20 28 29 36 33 Beans Salazar,R.27 the Environmental Service of Permanent Forest Stands to the Global Climate: the case of Costa Rica. UNDP June 1999.
    21. 21. CARBON EMISSIONS REDUCTION IN EACH PROTECTED AREA USING VARIOUS PRICE SCENARIOS Price Scenarios Proposed Protected Area Expansion $10 $30 $50 $100 $200 Percentage of the Maximum La Amistad 21 100 100 100 100 R de la Vieja 5 26 75 94 96 Palo Verde 18 74 100 100 100 Piedras Blancas 3 12 25 65 89 Barra Honda 20 46 66 90 98 Guanacaste 10 61 91 100 100 Carara 0 90 95 96 97 Barbilla 16 60 100 100 100 Study base case 14 89 95 98 99 Ref: Castro Salazar,R. Valuing the Environmental Service of Permanent Forest Stands to the Global Climate: the case of Costa Rica. UNDP June 1999.
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