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Dr. René Castro Salazar, the minister of environment and energy of Costa Rica, explains Costa Rica's low carbon strategy including how they managed to increase their forest cover, how that affected …

Dr. René Castro Salazar, the minister of environment and energy of Costa Rica, explains Costa Rica's low carbon strategy including how they managed to increase their forest cover, how that affected tourism and how they will strive to further take advantage of their efforts.

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  • Se debe aclarar que la pobreza extrema se empieza a medir desde los años 90

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  • 1. COSTA RICAN LOW CARBON DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY DR. RENÉ CASTRO SALAZAR MINISTER OF ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY COSTA RICA C. A. 2013
  • 2. SOME YEARS AGO THIS WAS THE REALITY It went from 75% of the country with forest in 1940 to 21% in 1987. Reversing deforestation seemed impossible ...
  • 3. STRIPTEASE
  • 4. F orest coverage increases due to domestic incentives Employment generation more than 25000 work/year 2010 Forest Coverage 52,38% More than 790 000 ha. 87% protection 13% other activities Source : Estudio de cobertura forestal de Costa Rica 2009-2010 - FONAFIFO
  • 5. FOREST COVERAGE, GDP AND POVERTY RATE, 1990-2010 MEETING ON FOREST POLICY WITH HEADS OF FORESTRY ADMINISTRATIONS OF THE MENA COUNTRIES
  • 6. FOREST COVERAGE, GDP AND FEMALE’S PARTICIPATION ON WORKING FORCE, 1990-2010 MEETING ON FOREST POLICY WITH HEADS OF FORESTRY ADMINISTRATIONS OF THE MENA COUNTRIES
  • 7. THE WORLD'S TROPICAL FORESTS SHOULD INCREASE IS IT POSSIBLE THE SALVATION OF TROPICAL FORESTS FROM VIRTUAL EXTINCTION? Estimates cite an annual cost of $5-6 billion to replicate Costa Rica’s PES system over the tropical belt and realize an increase in forest coverage in those countries.
  • 8. STUDY CONFIRMS ECONOMIC POTENTIAL CONSERVATION IN COSTA RICA • In 2009 protected areas generated US$1.5 billion according to a study of CINPE • These areas provide ecological, economic and social services. • This is reflected in two primary activities: tourism, with US$ 1.080 billion (70.% of contributions), and hydroelectric generation, with US$0.5 billion (26%). Sournce: http://wfnode01.nacion.com/2010-08-05/AldeaGlobal/NotaPrincipal/AldeaGlobal2472165.aspx
  • 9. Costa Rica tourist visitation
  • 10. New trails with universal accessibility features in National Parks
  • 11. SUSTAINABLE BIODIVERSITY FUND (FBS) Is a patrimony incorporating financial resources to assure long-term payment for environmental services in areas of high biodiversity. 70 000 contribution members in 2013 Instrument of Banco Nacional, which latter institution directs 10%of its commission to the FBS. BN-Ecomarchamo is a voluntary emission mitigating program introduced by the SBF valid for a one-year compensation of average emission per vehicle Source: MINAET, The National Foundation for Forestry Financing (FONAFIFO) www.FONAFIFO.go.cr, may 2012
  • 12. NEW PRODUCTS FROM BANCO NACIONAL Prepaid Tourist Card Credit Card
  • 13. COUNTRY PROHIBITS CHEMICAL IMPORTS THAT DESTROYS THE OZONE LAYER AND REDUCES PRODUCTION COSTS BY 20% Methyl bromide was used in flowers, melon and strawberry plantations Source http://www.nacion.com/nacional/Costa-Rica-importar-quimicodestruye_0_1368063191.html
  • 14. PETECHIA SETOPHAGA “REINITAS” PROTECT COFFEE CULTIVATION IN COSTA RICA These birds reduce by about half the beetle infestation Hypothenemus hampeiby, to make a coffee plantation medium size save up to $ 9,400 in crop per year, an amount almost equal to the average per capita income in Costa Rica. http://beta.nacion.com/vivir/ciencia/Reinitas-protegen-cultivo-Costa-Rica_0_1368063216.html
  • 15. CARBON NEUTRAL BY 2021 DOMESTIC MARKET E R C Emissions Reductions Compensation 22 million ton CO2e - - 6 million ton CO2e Source: IMN, DSE, FONAFIFO, cálculos Ing. Feoli 16 million ton CO2e = 0
  • 16. CARBON NEUTRAL BY 2021 GLOBAL MARKET ∑ E - ∑R - ∑C ± ∑CERs ± ∑VERs = 0 Source: MINAE 2013
  • 17. Year …2013 DONORS 63 Million Fuel TAX 400Million User fee H2O BLUE CARBON Capture Capture Capture PES Loa n s Capture BAMBOO 52,3% 58% Agroforestry
  • 18. Carbon Board Year 2013… PARTNERS PARTNERS 200 US $ Million BANCO2 reductions reductions Guarantee, MRV, etc CO2 Neutral Companies Capture NAMAs Blue Carbon Quick pass Mass transportation cleaner technologies Less emissions Less emissions Less emissions Sustainable Homes Renewable energies
  • 19. THANK YOU DR. RENÉ CASTRO SALAZAR MINISTER OF ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY COSTA RICA
  • 20. CARBON INDIFFERENCE PRICE BETWEEN NATURAL FOREST PROTECTION AND COMPETING AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES (IN $/TONS OF CARBON) Crop or Activity Private Natural Forest in the Buffer Zone of Protected Areas La Amistad Rincón de la Vieja Palo Verde Piedras Blancas Barra Honda Guanacast e Carara Barbilla Coffee Pineappl es 386 219 275 168 228 226 211 227 372 458 522 524 502 469 549 487 Watermelo n 309 378 432 431 415 389 455 403 Avocado Plantain Tomatoe s Forest Plantatio n 245 298 342 338 327 307 360 320 244 297 341 337 326 306 359 319 170 204 236 228 224 211 248 221 124 35 71 14 51 50 54 62 102 118 140 129 130 124 147 131 Banana 63 71 86 74 78 76 90 81 Oranges 61 68 83 70 75 73 87 78 Sugar Cane Ref: Castro Valuing 25 35 20 28 29 36 33 Beans Salazar,R.27 the Environmental Service of Permanent Forest Stands to the Global Climate: the case of Costa Rica. UNDP June 1999.
  • 21. CARBON EMISSIONS REDUCTION IN EACH PROTECTED AREA USING VARIOUS PRICE SCENARIOS Price Scenarios Proposed Protected Area Expansion $10 $30 $50 $100 $200 Percentage of the Maximum La Amistad 21 100 100 100 100 R de la Vieja 5 26 75 94 96 Palo Verde 18 74 100 100 100 Piedras Blancas 3 12 25 65 89 Barra Honda 20 46 66 90 98 Guanacaste 10 61 91 100 100 Carara 0 90 95 96 97 Barbilla 16 60 100 100 100 Study base case 14 89 95 98 99 Ref: Castro Salazar,R. Valuing the Environmental Service of Permanent Forest Stands to the Global Climate: the case of Costa Rica. UNDP June 1999.