Contribution of land use change models to REDD Process in the Congo Basin


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This presentation by Martin Tadoum,the Deputy Executive Secretary of COMIFAC describes the current situation of REDD in the Congo Basin, the methodological issues encountered, what the congobiom model has to do with that and what the next steps are.

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  • Figure 7. Status of countries in the REDD+ phases and the M&MRV key phases.
  • However deforestation in the Congo Basin has accelerated in recent years and annual rates of both degradation and deforestation have almost doubled from 1990-2000 period to 2000-2005. And there are a myriad of signals in the Congo Basin that convergingly indicate an acceleration of forest loss. Based on the Forest transition theory, the Congo Basin may well be entering the second stage, with accelerated forest losses. So far, deforestation and forest degradation have been largely associated with expansion of subsistence activities (agriculture and energy) and concentrated around densely populated areas. Local and regional development, population increases and global demand for commodities are likely to increase deforestation and forest degradation in the Congo Basin.
  • Contribution of land use change models to REDD Process in the Congo Basin

    1. 1. Martin TADOUM, Deputy Executive Secretary /COMIFAC 1 16TH NOVEMBER 2013 GLOBAL LANDSCAPES FORUM/WARSAW
    2. 2. Background • Congo Basin: 2nd largest tropical rainforest, low deforestation rate • Strong interest for REDD+ expressed by COMIFAC countries • Different stages of the development of REDD in the region 2 Commission des Forêts d’Afrique Centrale 2
    3. 3. Partial NFMS Fullyoperational NFMS Current situation on REDD Capacity Development Democratic Republic of Congo Gabon Republic of Congo Equatorial Guinea Chad Burundi Rwanda Sao Tome & Principe Central African Republic Cameroon Phase 1 Readiness Phase 2 Demonstration activities Phase 3 Positive incentives for verified performance
    4. 4. REDD Methodological issues  One of the current challenges of REDD+ focus on the abilities of countries to define the reference leval and establish a consensual and sustainable MRV system  The adoption of a specific methodology to estimate the Reference level involves important technical ramifications Launch a study on modeling impact of development trajectories by 2030 4 Commission des Forêts d’Afrique Centrale
    5. 5. Annual deforestation/forest degradation rates 1990-2000 and 2000-2005 Interest of the study 0.17 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.12 0.1 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.02 0 0.09 0.09 0.05 Net annual Deforestation 1990-2000 2000-2005 Net annual degradation Source: Authors, derived from de Wasseige et al. , 2012 National forest cover Forest transition curve Congo Basin HFLD profile Congo Basin countries may be entering the second stage, with accelerated forest losses. South Amazon Basin Europe North America South East Asia North East Asia South Asia West Africa Atlantic forest Oceania Time Stage 1: undisturbed/ little disturbed forests Stage 2: forest frontiers (high deforestation) Stage 3: forest mosaic with stabilized cover (low deforestation) Stage 4: increasing forest cover through afforestation and reforestation 5 Commission des Forêts d’Afrique Centrale
    6. 6. Development of Congobiom model and its application Congobiom is an economic model for the Congo Basin, derived from GLOBIOM developed by IIASA This modelling tool can strengthen the better understanding of the potentiel future trends of deforestation in the Congo Bassin by  Providing a depth analysis of the major drivers of deforestation for the next decades in the countries of the Congo Basin by analyzing internal pressures (population growth, development needs, etc…) but also external pressures (commodity prices for example) Commission des Forêts d’Afrique Centrale
    7. 7. Development of Congobiom model and its applications (cont.)  providing the countries and their decision makers with scientifically sound analytical tools that can help them better understand how the development of economic sectors can affect the forest cover and how the impact of policy choices made by governments can affect forest cover and income that could be generated through REDD +  Modelling could be a support planning decision tool Commission des Forêts d’Afrique Centrale
    8. 8. Current phase of the Project and next steps in the Congo Basin • Congobiom is now extended to all 10 countries of COMIFAC and should then be refined • Training of national experts from the pilot countries for REDDPAC project is ongoing • The development of a national model in each pilot countries by the end of December is one of the resolution set at the regional worshop for the REDD-PAC project in October. 8 Commission des Forêts d’Afrique Centrale
    9. 9. COMMISSION DES FORETS D’AFRIQUE CENTRALE Une dimension régionale pour la conservation et la gestion durable des écosystèmes forestiers Tél : (+237) 22 21 35 11 (+237) 22 21 35 12 Fax: (+237) 22 20 48 03 BP. 20818 Yaoundé Cameroun Email : - Site web :