Climate Information for the Local Decision-Maker

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Ruth de Fries from Columbia University gives several interesting information related to climate change like the social, cultural, political, economical context, weather information or where most climate adaptation research is conducted.

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  • Land management is at the nexus of climate mitigation and adaptiondecision makers on the landManagement – mitigation (reduced clearing, livestock, soil management, fertilizer) and adaptation optionWill focus on adaption (crop varieties, irrigation)How are people making decisions? What leverage points do policy-makers have to influence decisions?
  • Changes over last ten years – improved varieties, agricultural timing, land management, increased fertilizer
  • Main sources of information are radio and friends/relative/neighborsDifferent factors important in different places:Assets: Asset-rich farmers in West Africa reported more change than asset-poor. Opposite pattern in IndiaLocal institutions: farmers who participate in groups more likely to make changeInformation: More likely to change but sources varyWe do not know if changes result in positive outcomesLocal context important for broader-scale decisions
  • 50 papers, will analyze 200
  • Climate Information for the Local Decision-Maker

    1. 1. Climate Information for the Local Decision-Maker R. DeFries Columbia University, New York
    2. 2. A mismatch in scales (DeFries et al., 2012)
    3. 3. Baseline household survey from CCAFS (Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security) 4000 households in 12 countries (Wood et al., in review, Global Environmental Change)
    4. 4. Weather information is significantly associated with change in 3 of 4 regions Climate/weather is one among many reasons that small-holder farmers report change in practices (Wood et al., in review)
    5. 5. Reasons for change vary across regions Types of change: Improved varieties, timing, land management, fertilizer
    6. 6. Most research on climate adaptation done in temperate locations although major impacts in tropics Author Institution country 1 2-4 5-10 10+ (Jain et al., in prep) Study country
    7. 7. • Climate and weather information is one of many reasons why farmers make changes. Local context essential to formulate policies for climate adaptation and mitigation. • Research framework needs to include long term outcomes and impacts of national/ international policies

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