Charcoal production: can it be a sustainable enterprise?
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  • Higher income & less labor intensive Forestry based livelihood activities can help communities overcome charcoal making, however strategically at a simultaneous level the thermal energy demands to which the charcoal feeds has got to be meet with alternative sources & most possible with cost effective renewable energy sources. The knowledge is being shared from RCSD’s understanding of IFAD projects on similar situation in Meghalaya, India.
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  • 1. Charcoal Production:Can it be a sustainable enterprise?Radisson Blu Hotel, Lusaka 21st May 2013Davison GumboScientist and Team Leader, CIFOR Zambia OfficePresented by:© Davison Gumbo
  • 2. OutlineBackgroundGoalMethodsHighlight Study FindingsRecommendations
  • 3. Background of the Study (1/3) Charcoal and timber provide a basisfor potentially viable forest-basedenterprises. Charcoal, timber and NTFPscontribute directly to rural and urbanlivelihoods in Zambia. Miombo and other associated forestsand woodland types provideresources for charcoal and timberproduction and non-timber forestproducts (NTFPs).© Davison Gumbo© Ratna Yulia Hadi
  • 4.  Six districts in Eastern,Northern (Muchinga)and NorthwesternProvinces. Supported by the Embassyof Finland in Zambia.Background of the Study (2/3) Study on the dynamics of charcoal andcommercial timber production and trade inZambia.
  • 5.  Researchers of the study:1. Davison J. Gumbo. CIFOR, Zambia.2. Kaala B. Moombe. CIFOR, Zambia.3. Mercy M. Kandulu. Forest Department LusakaProvince, Zambia.4. Gilian Kabwe. Copperbelt University, Zambia.5. Marja Ojanen. The Embassy of Finland.6. Elizabeth Ndhlovu. The Embassy of Finland.7. Terry C. H. Sunderland. CIFOR, Indonesia.Background of the Study (2/3)
  • 6. Goals of the studyIdentify and characterize the social,economic and environmental issuespertaining to charcoal and timberproduction and trade in Zambia as wellas the implications of the nascentregional charcoal industry.
  • 7. MethodologyField basedresearchLiteraturereviewSource of the picture of the puzzle:
  • 8. Highlights: Major FindingsCharcoal Production,Consumption and Trade
  • 9. Policy andregulatoryframework in placeand adequate butfull implementationhampered by lack ofresources (humanand financial).FINDINGS (1/6)
  • 10. Charcoal widely producedacross the country.FINDINGS (2/6)© Ratna Yulia Hadi
  • 11. Charcoal a major energysource for most urbanareas in Zambia.FINDINGS (3/6)© Davison Gumbo
  • 12.  Drivers of charcoalDrivers of charcoalproduction.production.• Poverty• Limited employmentopportunities• Quick and easy businessFINDINGS (4/6)© Ratna Yulia Hadi
  • 13. FINDINGS (5/6)Livelihood and othersocioeconomic benefits notopenly acknowledged.© Davison Gumbo
  • 14. FINDINGS (6/6) Markets, charcoalflows andtransportation.© Davison Gumbo
  • 15. Can charcoal productionbe a sustainable enterprise?© Davison Gumbo
  • 16. Recommendations (1/3) Cultivate in local level institutionsa greater and keen interest in themanagement of forests. Establish a conducive policyenvironment for local levelinstitutions to manage forests. Facilitate the development of localrules and guidelines for managingforests for charcoal production. Incentives for sustainable charcoalproduction must accrue to forest“owners” and “managers”© Davison Gumbo
  • 17. Recommendations (2/3) Develop schemes of sustainablecharcoal production based on“lessons learnt” from customaryareas with long histories ofengagement. Provide special support to womencharcoal producers to ensure theywork in sustainable way andwithin the confines of the law. Urban consumers should be partof the debate/discussion oncharcoal production, utilization,and conservation.© Davison
  • 18. Recommendations (3/3) Information on the implications ofcharcoal production on forests, treesand livelihoods be provided. Provide capacity building to charcoalproducers on organizational,technical and business management. Wider adoption and use of moreefficient kilns Step up research on adoption anduse of alternative feedstock forcharcoal production e.g., saw dust,bamboo.© Davison
  • 19. Thank youCIFOR main website: www.cifor.orgForests Blog: Research Program on Forests, Trees and© Ratna Yulia Hadi