Building Climate Change Resilience in Madagascar Mountains

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This presentation by Hanta Rabetaliana from the World Mountain People Association shows the main issues in mountain development, different projects taking place there and recommendations based on the …

This presentation by Hanta Rabetaliana from the World Mountain People Association shows the main issues in mountain development, different projects taking place there and recommendations based on the experiences with those projects.

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  • 1. Building Climate Change Resilience in Madagascar Mountains. Global Landscapes Forum session Hanta RABETALIANA World Mountain People Association Madagascar
  • 2. MADAGASCAR • 40% country mountainous (700m – 2 700m above see level); • 80% population in mountain areas • 100% water come from uplands • 60% rice production in lowlands • National Strategy for Sustainable Mountain Developpement was written and implemented since 2002 • Forest cover still remain in mountain areas (10% of the national territory) • The National Adaptation Plan of Action written in 2006 but very few projets/programmes implemented because of lack of reglementation.
  • 3. Main Issues in Mountain Development • No specific policy /law/regulation on mountain development • Several projects/programmes implemented but no coordination in watershed/water/forest/soil management Action Plans; • The majority of the Climate Change projects/programmes focus on feasability studies and forest conservation activities
  • 4. GIZ projects • > 0 : German Cooperation project: Schema d’Amenagement Communal (SAC) – Participative and Grass roots process of the Development of a Municipality based on natural resources management and risk disaster management planning, validated at local/central government level. This process promote de facto cooperation between all sectors (agriculture, forestry, water, mining, …) – Donors provide technical expertises and local communities and Municipalities pay for the others costs; – Duration of the planning process (7 months)
  • 5. World Bank Projects • < 0 : Bassin-versant Perimetre Irrigue and Cellule de Prévention et Gestion des Urgences – Top down project where Regions, Municipalities and local communities are beneficiaries not shareholders; – Majorities of the investments in lowlands despite the important risk of landslides, floods and permanent soil erosion that threaten crops and degradate of irrigation and drainage works (canals, dams, ....)
  • 6. AMCC project • A feasibility study of a forest corridor conservation and income-generating activities based on sustainable use of natural resources (community based low impact logging and medicinal/dyer plants gathering, bee keeping, fresh water fish production, rice production…) • Forest corridor of 35,000 hectares (= water tower) in a mountainous area providing water to 20,000 ha paddy fields. • Stakeholders = 20 community-based forest management associations. Two are considered as a model : tracability, low impact logging activities, social investments (hospital and school constructions).
  • 7. Conservation International projects • Carbon credit projects (DELL) related to the conservation of the two biggest forest corridors in Madagascar (> 70,000 ha); • No economic impacts on local communities in charge of forest conservation (without any compensation) • The Ministry in charge of Forests is considered as a beneficiary not a leader of the process.
  • 8. RECOMMANDATIONS Madagascar has started a decentralization process in 2004 (22 regions and 1 990 municipalities) but financial resources management and decision making are still very centralized. Priority at international level should focus on regional/local development planning (= integrated approach) taking into consideration disaster risks which are very high in mountains (erosion, landslides, floods, …), natural resources management and food security (four dimensions) in order to enhance the resilience of mountain communities to disasters and give them opportunities to be shareholders of their own development (ex: WB,GIZ , AMCC, UNDP projects) International Cooperation should focus more on sustainable use of natural resources and give more responsibilities to communities and local authorities (Municipalities, Regions) .