0
Beyond IPCC Scenarios:
Synergies Between Climate Adaptation and Mitigation
at Management- and Policy- Relevant Scales.

Bi...
Three Central Biodiversity Issues
1. Ecosystem services and biodiversity
2. Functional biodiversity and climate change
3. ...
Why Does Biodiversity Matter?
The Millennium Assessment
Perspective
Biodiversity →
Ecosystem Function →
Ecosystem Service ...
Over 20 years of research.
1 of 5: Native vegetation has greater capacity to provide
ecosystem services under changing environmental conditions..

Li...
0

10

20

30

0.12
0.08
0.04
0.00

Addition to Community FTV

0.12
0.08
0.04
0.00

Addition to Community FTV

2 of 5: Rar...
3 of 5: Biodiverse systems, on average, store more
carbon and do so more reliably.

Bunker, D. E., F. DeClerck, J. C. Brad...
4 of 5: Biodiversity is multidimensional.
5 of 5: More functions and
services need more species.
Zavaleta et al. PNAS 2009
If you keep loosing spices, eventually curry is just salt
If you keep loosing parts, eventually all you have is junk
If you keep loosing species, eventually ecosystems collapse

http://blog.ecoagriculture.org/2012/10/03/broa/
If you keep losing biodiversity, eventually
ecosystems (farms, forests, grasslands,
rangelands, gardens,…) collapse
•
•
•
...
UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network, Thematic Group 8

Forests, Oceans, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
http:...
Synergies Between Climate Change and
Biodiversity at the Landscape Level
• The Message: Diverse systems are more efficient...
Synergies Between Climate Change and
Biodiversity at the Landscape Level
• Biodiversity" is not about species richness
• n...
Synergies Between Climate Change and
Biodiversity at the Landscape Level
• The Convention on Biological Diversity and the
...
Beyond IPCC Scenarios:
Synergies Between Climate Adaptation and Mitigation
 at Management- and Policy Relevant Scales
Beyond IPCC Scenarios:
Synergies Between Climate Adaptation and Mitigation
 at Management- and Policy Relevant Scales
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Beyond IPCC Scenarios:
Synergies Between Climate Adaptation and Mitigation
 at Management- and Policy Relevant Scales

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This presentation by Shahid Naeem from Columbia University focuses on the three central biodiversity issues:
1. Ecosystem services and biodiversity
2. Functional biodiversity and climate change
3. Bio-ecological adaptation

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Transcript of "Beyond IPCC Scenarios:
Synergies Between Climate Adaptation and Mitigation
 at Management- and Policy Relevant Scales"

  1. 1. Beyond IPCC Scenarios: Synergies Between Climate Adaptation and Mitigation at Management- and Policy- Relevant Scales. Biodiversity Global Landscapes Forum | Warsaw 2013 Shahid Naeem Columbia University in the City of New York
  2. 2. Three Central Biodiversity Issues 1. Ecosystem services and biodiversity 2. Functional biodiversity and climate change 3. Bio-ecological adaptation (in 12 minutes)
  3. 3. Why Does Biodiversity Matter? The Millennium Assessment Perspective Biodiversity → Ecosystem Function → Ecosystem Service → Human Well-being
  4. 4. Over 20 years of research.
  5. 5. 1 of 5: Native vegetation has greater capacity to provide ecosystem services under changing environmental conditions.. Lin, B. B., D. Flynn, D. Bunker, M. Uriarte, &S. Naeem 2011 J. Applied Ecology
  6. 6. 0 10 20 30 0.12 0.08 0.04 0.00 Addition to Community FTV 0.12 0.08 0.04 0.00 Addition to Community FTV 2 of 5: Rare species can substitute for common species: Biological insurance. 40 0 10 20 30 Geographic Range Rank 30 40 40 0.12 0.08 0.04 0.00 Addition to Community FTV 0.08 0.04 0 20 Maximum Abundance Rank 0.00 Addition to Community FTV Mean Abundance Rank 10 0 10 20 30 40 Habitat Specificity Rank Meha J., C. M. Prager, D. F.B. Flynn, G. M. Hart, C. M. DeVan, M. I. Palmer, F. S. Ahrestani, D. E. Bunker, & S. Naeem. (In Press 2014) Evolutionary Ecology
  7. 7. 3 of 5: Biodiverse systems, on average, store more carbon and do so more reliably. Bunker, D. E., F. DeClerck, J. C. Bradford, R. K. Colwell, I. Perfecto, O. L. Phillips, M. Sankaran, and S. Naeem. 2005. Species Loss and Aboveground Carbon Storage in a Tropical Forest. Science 310:1029-1031.
  8. 8. 4 of 5: Biodiversity is multidimensional.
  9. 9. 5 of 5: More functions and services need more species. Zavaleta et al. PNAS 2009
  10. 10. If you keep loosing spices, eventually curry is just salt
  11. 11. If you keep loosing parts, eventually all you have is junk
  12. 12. If you keep loosing species, eventually ecosystems collapse http://blog.ecoagriculture.org/2012/10/03/broa/
  13. 13. If you keep losing biodiversity, eventually ecosystems (farms, forests, grasslands, rangelands, gardens,…) collapse • • • • become less efficient, exhibit lower levels of functioning, deliver fewer services, become less reliable (more unpredictable, more variable), • less resilient, • and eventually the pillars of human well-being decline • with the poor and vulnerable being the first to experience the adverse consequences biotic impoverishment.
  14. 14. UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network, Thematic Group 8 Forests, Oceans, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services http://unsdsn.org/thematicgroups/tg8/
  15. 15. Synergies Between Climate Change and Biodiversity at the Landscape Level • The Message: Diverse systems are more efficient and resilient – 20 years of research – scientific consensus – not a hypothesis; a guiding principle
  16. 16. Synergies Between Climate Change and Biodiversity at the Landscape Level • Biodiversity" is not about species richness • nor is it just about conservation biology • clarify what biodiversity is • focus on functional, genetic, and landscape diversity
  17. 17. Synergies Between Climate Change and Biodiversity at the Landscape Level • The Convention on Biological Diversity and the UNFCCC create confusion. Countries sign on to international agreements that lack integration and miss opportunities for synergy – Generate a set of coherent guidelines – the CBD, IPCC, REDD+, SDSN, CDM, and SDGs create a complex landscape that is difficult to navigate – let’s provide a roadmap.
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