Alternative livelihoods and conservation: 
A systematic review


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This presentation by Terry Sunderland from CIFOR explains what alternative livelihoods are, how they are intended to support conservation, what alternative livelihoods projects exist and what the problems are.

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  • Trying to communicate that we are only focused on 3 in this talk.
    Livelihoods can be solely socioeconomic
    Not going there even though they may have consvn implications
    Incentives might include REDD
  • Alternative livelihoods and conservation: 
A systematic review

    1. 1. Alternative livelihoods and conservation: A systematic review Bogor, Indonesia 3rd September 2013 THINKING beyond the canopy THINKING beyond the canopy
    2. 2. What are alternative livelihoods? Projects that seek to alleviate a human threat to biodiversity through: •Providing or encouraging the use of an alternative resource •An alternative occupation •An alternative method of exploitation (lower impact) THINKING beyond the canopy
    3. 3. Livelihood initiatives intended to support conservation 1. Incentives: “That animal is worth more alive than dead now so leaving it alone will be worth your while.” 2. Compensation: “Leave that animal alone and we’ll make it worth your while”.” “Here’s a new job.” 3. Alternative livelihoods: [Goodness, I hope they leave that animal alone now.] THINKING beyond the canopy
    4. 4. Alternative livelihood projects • Appeal to our intrinsic sense of fairness • Requested by stakeholders • Required by donors • Much liked by the public • Have become standard fare in conservation project delivery • Found in many projects in many places (often duplicated) THINKING beyond the canopy
    5. 5. However… • There are very few compelling examples of an alternative livelihood project that have effected net conservation gain • Measured as healthier wild populations or at least markedly less total effort to damage populations. THINKING beyond the canopy
    6. 6. Primary research question • Are alternative livelihood projects effective at reducing local threats to defined elements of biodiversity and/or improving or maintaining the conservation status of those elements? • “Effective” defined as: Threat alleviation through changes in human attitude, behaviour or well being and (ultimately) improvements in the conservation status of the specific element of biodiversity under threat. THINKING beyond the canopy
    7. 7. Progress thus far • Identification of review partners • Institutional agreements in place • Completion of scoping study • Hire of two research assistants to compliment review team • Preliminary workshop (June) THINKING beyond the canopy
    8. 8. Thank you! The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) is one of the 15 centres supported by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) THINKING beyond the canopy THINKING beyond the canopy