Acre State System of Incentives for Environmental Services

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Effectively monitoring deforestation is a crucial component for the success of REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation). In this presentation, Willian Flores from UFAC Instituto de Mundancas Climaticas gives an overview of how state-wide monitoring is conducted in Acre, Brazil.

Willian Flores gave this presentation on 8 March 2012 at a workshop organised by CIFOR, ‘Measurement, Reporting and Verification in Latin American REDD+ Projects’, held in Petropolis, Brazil. Credible baseline setting and accurate and transparent Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) of results are key conditions for successful REDD+ projects. The workshop aimed to explore important advances, challenges, pitfalls, and innovations in REDD+ methods — thereby moving towards overcoming barriers to meeting MRV requirements at REDD+ project sites in two of the Amazon’s most important REDD+ candidate countries, Peru and Brazil. For further information about the workshop, please contact Shijo Joseph via s.joseph (at) cgiar.org

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Acre State System of Incentives for Environmental Services

  1. 1. Environmental ServicesUnderstand Valorize- Database Create asset- Basic studies - Opportunity costs- Integrated analyses - Market value -Structure systems (national, sub-- Zoning - Replacement costs national, local) - Ecosystem services - Government cooperation - Private sector Rural Producer Provider Beneficiary
  2. 2. Law 2.308 of November 11, 2010 Institutional Arrangement Create State System of Incentives for Environmental Services – SISA,Program of Incentives for Environmental Services – ISA Carbono and other programs of environmental services and ecosystem products of Acre
  3. 3. An nestedapproach Projet A Projet B ProjetC Projet n
  4. 4. Photo: Diego Gurgel System of Nested Monitoring National - National Climate Change Plan - PPCD reduction targets - AM - INPE Baseline – Resolution = 6.25 ha - PPCD reduction targets - AC State - UCEGEO database – Resolution = 0.54 ha - Adjusted INPE database – Resolution = 0.64 ha - Define project reduction targets - Adjusted INPE database – Resolution = Project 0.64 ha - UCEGEO database – Resolution = 4 m2 (FORMOSAT) - UCEGEO database – Resolution = 2,5 m (SPOT 2012) - Airbourne Laser – LiDar (pulses/m2) - Aereal photography – Pixel 25 cm - Field data
  5. 5. UCGEO: Monitoring of Deforestation and Fire Monitoring EvolutionObjective - SEANP (Indigenous Lands and - Construction of series of historical- Monitor alterations in land cover Conservation Units)at medium and high resolutions, deforestation, regeneration, and fireswhich allows for an analysis of - Settlement Projects (Traditional - Evaluation of different patterns withinsmall properties and Differentiated) the same use type -Private Properties -Other territorial areas
  6. 6. Metodology Curve of Deforestation Baseline (start) (End) Georreferencing Matrix editing Acquire Geocover Segmentation Accuracy analysis imagery Field dataLANDSAT High resolution(30M) imageryINPE site Supervised and (FORMOSAT) unsupervised digital classification Final product Treatment (SHP and Excel) and correction Low energy spent Medium energy spent High energy spent
  7. 7. Monitoring: Deforestation 0,80 0,74 0,70 Média 90-00 0.32 0,66 Média 01-10 0.30 0,60 Média 06-10 0.15 0,54 Taxa de desmtamento anual (%) 0,50 0,44 0,38 0,40 0,36 0,33 0,33 0,33 0,33 0,29 0,29 0,30 0,26 0,27 0,26 0,23 0,24 0,22 0,24 0,20 0,15 0,14 0,11 0,09 0,10 0,00 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 AnosSource: INPE (2010)
  8. 8. - State;- Regions;- Municipalities;- Land tenure (UCs,TIs, PAs, Privateproperties);- Watersheds;- Areas of Permanent Presevation- Phytophysionomy;- Geomorphological units;- Soils;- Area size
  9. 9. Total carbon stock
  10. 10. Targets for reducing rate of deforestation by 2020• Baseline of PPCD-AC: based on historical data and reduction targets and integrated with PPCDAM• 2nd version of Baseline: future projection based on a scenario without governance. In first validation phase, use PRODES data, ZEE database, and vectors of deforestation in Acre.
  11. 11. NEXT STEPS • FOREST DEGRADATION, • REGENERATION • IMPROVED CARBON STOCK ESTIMATES • Partnership with Woods Hole Research Center to monitor land use with RADAR • Partnership with EMBRAPA to elaborate forest biomass inventory (history of forest degradation) • Destructive forest inventories to elaborate allometric equations for Acre State • Calibration of LIDAR, satellite images and forest inventories to estimate carbon stocks • Detailed soli mapping by municipalities • Validation of jurisdictional baseline methodSOURCE: Gregory Asner, Carnegie Institute,California.

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