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a VCS Mosaic REDD Methodology and Participatory Biomass Inventories
a VCS Mosaic REDD Methodology and Participatory Biomass Inventories
a VCS Mosaic REDD Methodology and Participatory Biomass Inventories
a VCS Mosaic REDD Methodology and Participatory Biomass Inventories
a VCS Mosaic REDD Methodology and Participatory Biomass Inventories
a VCS Mosaic REDD Methodology and Participatory Biomass Inventories
a VCS Mosaic REDD Methodology and Participatory Biomass Inventories
a VCS Mosaic REDD Methodology and Participatory Biomass Inventories
a VCS Mosaic REDD Methodology and Participatory Biomass Inventories
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a VCS Mosaic REDD Methodology and Participatory Biomass Inventories

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Presentation by Steven De Gryze & Leslie Durschinger, Terra Global Capital …

Presentation by Steven De Gryze & Leslie Durschinger, Terra Global Capital
Measuring and monitoring, baselines and leakage, Forest Day 3
Sunday, 13 December 2009
Copenhagen, Denmark

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
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  • 1. a VCS Mosaic REDD Methodology and Participatory Biomass Inventories Steven De Gryze Leslie Durschinger
  • 2. Acknowledgements • Forestry Administration, Cambodia • Community Forestry International • PACT Cambodia • Clinton Climate Initiative • Technical Working Group on Forests and the Environment, Cambodia • Children’s Development Association, Cambodia • Buddhist Monk’s Association, Oddar Meanchey, Cambodia • Communities of Oddar Meanchey Province, Cambodia • MacArthur Foundation • DANIDA, Denmark • Clinton Climate Initiative, USA
  • 3. Applicability of VCS methodology • Main applicability criteria – Mosaic deforestation, defined using • Minimal population density • Minimal road network • Minimal historical deforestation rate – Data must be available on historical deforestation/forest degradation – Allowable drivers and project actions are defined – No commercial timber logging before or after project starts • Allows the exclusion of long-lived wood products • Logging for domestic is still allowed • Illegal logging may have occurred in the baseline – Agricultural intensification only on land that is already under agriculture
  • 4. Main Drivers and Actions Project Actions Strengthening Sustainable Forest Fuel-efficient Agricultural Assisted land-tenure forest use protection woodstoves intensification Natural plans Regeneration Fuel-wood ✔ ✔ ✔ collection Forest fires ✔ Crop-land ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ conversion Settlement ✔ ✔ ✔ conversion Drivers Illegal logging ✔ ✔ Logging of ✔ ✔ timber for domestic use
  • 5. Baseline • Baseline is based on combination of historical remote sensing analysis (fixed number of images and intervals) and a land-use change model • Includes deforestation/reforestation as well as degradation/regeneration • Historical rates determined in a reference region Size of the Minimal Size of the Project Area Reference Region < 25,000 20 × 25,000 – 50,000 10 × 50,000 – 100,000 5× • Similarity Test > 100,000 2× – Same drivers of deforestation are present – Similar landscape features (slope, aspect, etc.) – Similar land-tenure and land policies
  • 6. Accuracy Discounting and Inclusion of Degradation • Credits are discounted according to lower confidence interval (alpha=5%) • Credits from deforestation, forest degradation and assisted natural regeneration have different accuracy, and therefore different discounting • Including forest degradation is optional and may be included after project start – Forest degradation must be detected with a minimal accuracy – Initial income from carbon can be used to purchase the necessary high-resolution imagery
  • 7. Ex-ante Credit Estimation Relative importance Effectiveness of Annual rate of of drivers project activities project activities Annual rate for activity 5: Fuel-efficient Stoves 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 11 21 Project Year No Reduction in Def orestation/degradation 100% Compared to Baseline Rates 90% Predicted 80% 70% Deforestation Rates under Project Relative Reduction in Def orestation Rates 60% 50% 40% Scenario 30% 20% 10% Complete Elimination of Def orestation/Degradation 0% 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 Year
  • 8. Leakage • Leakage divided into – Activity-shifting within leakage belts (monitored) – Activity shifting outside of leakage belts (ex-ante factor) – Market leakage (ex-ante factor)
  • 9. Community-Based Monitoring • Goals – Provides employment and education/training to local communities – Reinforces integration of communities with the carbon project – Theoretically more cost-effective, dependent on accuracy • Strict QA/QC is required – Training – Re-measurement of 20% of the plots – Re-visiting of 100% of the plots to check GPS location – Requirement to take pictures of GPS device – Spot-check of 1-2 plots of every crew by professional team

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