Smallholder engagement with short-rotation industrial plantation forestry
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Smallholder engagement with short-rotation industrial plantation forestry

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This presentation by Daniel Mendham from CSIRO given during the Forests Asia Summit in the discussion forum "Equitable development: Improving livelihood benefits for smallholders in the forestry value ...

This presentation by Daniel Mendham from CSIRO given during the Forests Asia Summit in the discussion forum "Equitable development: Improving livelihood benefits for smallholders in the forestry value chain" focuses on the key threats to profitability of short rotation plantings, how ACIAR supports several research projects in SE Asia that aim to benefit smallholder farmers and how the concrete management on the plantation is working.

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Smallholder engagement with short-rotation industrial plantation forestry Smallholder engagement with short-rotation industrial plantation forestry Presentation Transcript

  • Indonesia acacia project | Daniel Mendham1 Smallholder engagement with short- rotation industrial plantation forestry Daniel Mendham
  • Indonesia acacia project | Daniel MendhamIntroducing the FPOS DSS | Daniel Mendham2 • Indonesia and other countries in SE Asia have ambitious plans to increase area and yield of forest plantations • For regional development and wealth creation • To support the development of sustainable supply of feedstock for downstream value adding, including pulp and paper, and higher value options • Profitable yields are essential to attract growers and keep them interested in growing pulpwood plantations • Lots of competing agribusiness options for farmers • Farmers have a track record of not achieving optimal yields Background
  • Indonesia acacia project | Daniel MendhamIntroducing the FPOS DSS | Daniel Mendham3 • Pathogens are becoming more prevalent in acacias – root rot and ceratocystis • Most likely strategy will be a require change of species in some areas • Smallholders have a track record of lower productivity (=productivity) • Less intensive management or lack of information? • Alternative land uses have significantly higher profitability in many instances • Need for a better value proposition for farmers Key threats to profitability of short rotation plantings
  • Indonesia acacia project | Daniel MendhamIntroducing the FPOS DSS | Daniel Mendham ACIAR supports several research projects in SE Asia that aim to benefit smallholder farmers Including: • FST 2009/051: Increasing productivity and profitability of Indonesian smallholder plantations • FST 2006/087: Optimising silvicultural management and productivity of high- quality acacia plantations, especially for sawlogs (Vietnam) • Sustainable Resources Assessment • + many others A strong history of projects with a high benefit:cost ratio
  • Understanding water, nutrient and carbon dynamics in tropical acacia plantations | Daniel Mendham5
  • Understanding water, nutrient and carbon dynamics in tropical acacia plantations | Daniel Mendham6 Site selection • Site selection critical for productivity • Makruf Nurudin (PhD) studied the relationships between mineral soil characteristics and productivity of A. mangium in South Sumatra • Productivity related to soil water holding capacity and drainage High productivity Medium productivity Low productivity Rooting depth Deep Shallow, some haematite Shallow Drainage Good Poor Poor Colour Red Yellow-red Brown-yellow Consistency firm Very firm Very firm Structure Medium, subangular blocky Strong subangular blocky Strong subangular blocky
  • Understanding water, nutrient and carbon dynamics in tropical acacia plantations | Daniel Mendham8 Sawlog management, Vietnam ACIAR project FST/2006/087: Explores optimal stocking density and soil nutrition for Acacia hybrids • Higher value plantations can be grown by including sawlogs as part of the product mix • But need to manage risks: Disease, wind susceptibility, longer rotations
  • Understanding water, nutrient and carbon dynamics in tropical acacia plantations | Daniel Mendham9
  • • Review of scientific information from published studies and long-term experiments • Independent analysis of company plantation inventory data to examine trends in space and time over successive rotations Harwood and Nambiar: Review of the biophysical sustainability of short-rotation acacia and eucalypt plantations in SE Asia 10 0 13 25 38 50 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 MAI(m3ha-1y-1) Year of planting First rotation Second rotation Mean productivity (Mean Annual Increment, MAI) of Acacia mangium for each planting year over first and second rotations. Total of 454 inventory plots from 3 sub-regions in Sumatra
  • • No evidence of systemic sustainability issues • Growers have demonstrated an adaptive management approach to overcome major threats • Examples of poor practice still evident in some areas: soil management, site preparation, weed control Biophysical sustainability of short-rotation acacia and eucalypt plantations in SE Asia: Conclusions 11 Indonesia: a regional leader in sustainable practices
  • Understanding water, nutrient and carbon dynamics in tropical acacia plantations | Daniel Mendham12
  • Indonesia acacia project | Daniel Mendham Smallholder farmers: Target beneficiaries of ACIAR projects • Forestry is a valuable part of the enterprise for many farmers • Most forestry companies in Indonesia have an outgrower scheme • Can be a very good mechanism to improve livelihoods in very poorly serviced areas • Allows for short adoption pathway when it works well • There is a need for some improvements to many schemes to ensure that farmers continue to be engaged • Significant potential to increase sustainable wood supply • Social science is important for helping us to understand the best mechanisms to deliver research to farmers • Social situation is different in almost every location!
  • Indonesia acacia project | Daniel MendhamIntroducing the FPOS DSS | Daniel Mendham Summary • ACIAR projects provide a valuable mechanism to push the frontier of science, • In a way that is beneficial to farmers • Practical outcomes are important • Smallholder farmers are the target beneficiaries • Many ways for communities to benefit from commercial forestry
  • Understanding water, nutrient and carbon dynamics in tropical acacia plantations | Daniel Mendham Acknowledgements