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Charcoal Production: Can it be a sustainable enterprise?

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This presentation by Dr. Davison Gumbo, a scientist and Zambia project leader of CIFOR focuses on sustainable charcoal production: what the goals of the study were, how it was conducted and what the …

This presentation by Dr. Davison Gumbo, a scientist and Zambia project leader of CIFOR focuses on sustainable charcoal production: what the goals of the study were, how it was conducted and what the findings were.

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  • POINTERS:Need to mention dependency of people to miombowoodlans.Need to mention that Zambians use charcoal for what activities. If it is necessary, show numbers or percentage based on research.Charcoal and timber from economical value
  • POINTERS:Supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland through the Embassy of Finland in Zambia, CIFOR conducted a research in three provinces in (period of research).The research was conducted by Davison Gumbo, KaalaMoombe, Mercy Kandulu-Mwape, Gillian KabweResearch areas: six districts in Eastern, Northern (Muchinga) and Northwestern. Two districts in each province were selected through a consultative process undertaken by the Finnish Embassy. Criteria used included the existence of clear, local-level institutional arrangements regarding natural resources management (from village to district), as wellas the presence of sound district-level financial management systems. Provinces were selected during two working sessions involving a mix of experts.Research team consisting of
  • POINTERS:1. Literature Review:We identified information gaps in literature for example living conditions report; labor force survey.We reviewed (HOW MANY) literatures from (Kind of literatures e. g. reports, academic journal etcetc)2. Field based research:Conducted district-level interview, informal discussions around border areas and international crossing point. 1 per district7 border towns District Validation meetings Need to mention, why did we use these two methods and how it links to each other.Source of pict: http://blog.sendgrid.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/PuzzlePiece.jpg. Access on 12 May 2013
  • POINTERS:Government regulations - taxes, permits and feesMention some of the regulation and policies.
  • POINTERS:Charcoal widely produced across ZambiaElaborate network of roadsIntricate value chain: (1) Producer gains very little for the effort; (2) Use of SMS for door-to-door salesInefficient production techniques Charcoal producer: (1) Poorly organized; (2) Exploit the legal pluralism and (3) Claim to be unaware of the provisionsSupport from Chiefs, district councils and communities not explicit.
  • POINTERS:From the literature and field research, the study shows that charcoal is a major energy source for urban areas in Zambia.People use charcoal for ??????How many kilo in a month per family if any information on this.
  • POINTERS:Drivers of charcoal productionPoverty Limited employment opportunitiesQuick and easy businessSafety net money for investment
  • POINTERS:Explain more about the finding. Not openly acknowledge by whom?What if the situation because of no acknowledgment
  • POINTERS:1. Markets and charcoal flows:Local (village),Roadside and District centers, 2.Transport:mix of motorized and non-motorized3.Hierarchy of markets4. Hierarchy of interlink of market
  • POINTERS: (This is to answer the ClearTech which is the purpose of the embassy of Finland’s program).CIFOR’s standing position based on the study findings
  • POINTERS:1. Local-Level Institutions plays more prominent roles. How?2.Traditional rules for accessing and utilizing natural resources have been compromised.Sanctions moved to the state – cannot deal with NRM rule breakers including forestry  should be under LLI authority.LLI should make Decision vis-à-vis who and where charcoal can be produced. At the moment they just make recommendation.LLI Capacitated to “inspect”and monitor sites for charcoal production.3. Institutional dimensionsIncentives for sustainable forest managementCharacteristics of institutions.
  • POINTERS:Point 2, reiterate the finding on the women’s role on charcoal production and explain more what kind of support should be given to them.Point 3, in what kind of discussion/debat the urban consumer should be involved
  • POINTERS:Explain about alternative charcoal productionPicture of charcoal production stove: Credit for http://blog.cfcausa.org/2013/01/29/mother-makes-environmentally-friendly-charcoal-in-madagascar/
  • Transcript

    • 1. Charcoal Production: Can it be a sustainable enterprise? Dr. Davison Gumbo Scientist and Zambia Project Leader Venue, 21st May 2013
    • 2. Outline  Background  Goal and Objectives  Methods  Highlight Study Findings  Recommendations
    • 3. Background  Miombo and other associated woodlands is resources for charcoal and timber production and nontimber forest products (NTFPs).  Charcoal, timber and NTFPs provide direct support to rural and urban livelihoods in Zambia.  Charcoal and timber provide a basis for potentially viable forest-based enterprises.
    • 4. Background – Cont …  Study on dynamic of the charcoal and indigenous timber trade in Zambia.  Supported by the Embassy of Finland in Zambia.  Six districts in Eastern, Northern (Muchinga) and Northwestern Provinces.
    • 5. Goals of the study Identify and characterize the social, economic and environmental issues pertaining to charcoal and timber production and trade in Zambia as well as the implications of the nascent regional charcoal industry.
    • 6. Methodology Literature review Field based research
    • 7. Finding Highlights Charcoal Production, Consumption and Trade
    • 8. FINDING Policy and regulatory framework in place and adequate but lack of resources (human and financial).
    • 9. FINDING Charcoal widely produced across Zambia.
    • 10. FINDING Charcoal a major energy source for urban areas in Zambia.
    • 11. FINDING  Drivers of charcoal production. • Poverty • Limited employment • opportunities Quick and easy business
    • 12. FINDING Livelihood and other socioeconomic benefits not openly acknowledged.
    • 13. FINDING  Markets, charcoal flows and transportation.
    • 14. Can charcoal production be a sustainable enterprise?
    • 15. Recommendations  Establish a conducive policy environment for local level institutions to manage forests.  Develop local rules and guidelines for managing forests for charcoal production.  Encourage local level institutions to take a greater interest in the management of forests.  Incentive for sustainable charcoal product accrue to forest “owners.”
    • 16. Recommendations – Cont …  Collaboratively develop schemes of sustainable charcoal production with charcoal producers based on lesson learnt particularly in customary areas.  Provide special support to women charcoal producers to ensure they work in sustainable way and within the confines of the law.  Urban consumers should be part of the debate/discussion on charcoal production and utilization debate.
    • 17. Recommendations – Cont …  Improve understanding on the implications of charcoal and timber production on the forests.  Provide capacity building to charcoal producer particularly on organizational, technical and business training.  Research should be stepped up to come up with alternative feedstock for charcoal production e.g, bamboo.
    • 18. Thank you

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