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Hilmar Lojewski - Desenvolvimento Sustentável_CICI2011

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Desenvolvimento Sustentável_CICI2011 …

Desenvolvimento Sustentável_CICI2011
Palestrante: Hilmar Lojewski

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  • 1. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Curitiba Conferência Internacional Cidades Inovadoras CICI Desenvolvimento Sustentável Towards a sustainable urban development of Berlin Perspectives on innovative approaches Prerequisites – Lessons – Examples Hilmar von Lojewski – Senate Department for Urban Development Department VI – Ministerial Building Affairs 1
  • 2. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Brazil – Berlin Berlin’s tribute to Brazil 2
  • 3. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Curitiba - Berlin Similarities? - Yes! By size, focus on public transport, public participation, water bodies, greenery etc.
  • 4. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Curitiba - Berlin Similarities? - Yes! By focus on public transport! 4
  • 5. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Outline 1. Prologue and Basics 2. The rationale – Is Berlin an innovative city? 3. What I am not talking about today… 4. The strategies and innovations - regionwide - citywide - areawise - themewise 5. The lessons learnt 5
  • 6. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Innovations – What is meant? (pretty broad field of discussion…) •Breaking with applied rules and regulations? •Discontinuing routinized planning procedures? •Experimenting with new hypotheses and applying them? so MAKING A REVOLUTION … … with uncertain results and open impacts? 6
  • 7. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Innovations – What is meant? (pretty broad field of discussion…) Or rather •Referring to what has been learnt, filtering out best practices and adding new ideas to it? which means more CONTRIBUTING TO EVOLUTION! Even though the Almighty might not give us the chance for a second try… 7
  • 8. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Berlin - „Basics“ Population (in 2010) 3 454 000 inh. Inner City 1 000 000 inh. City Area 890 km² Central City 30 km² - 300.000 inhabitants Land Use in % Length of City Limits 234 km Greatest Extension 45 km from West to East 38 km from North to South
  • 9. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Berlin - „The compact city“ 9
  • 10. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Berlin - „The compact city“ Berlin – compact city with >1 Mio inhabitants in the inner city (dog‘s head areas) 10
  • 11. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Berlin – “The compact city” Prerequisite for any sustainable urban development! - Dense quarters - Short distances - High proportion of public transport - Mix of uses - Variety of social classes and economic wealth 11
  • 12. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Berlin – “The aging city?” Prone to innovations? - Yes! But not easy to manage with a comparably old city (though young in the German context)! - Yes! Because of high proportion of students 150.000, creative class, mobile population (high ratio of mobility within the city > 100.000 and immigration / emigration 150.000/a vs. 140.000/a 12
  • 13. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Berlin – “The colourful city” Good for innovations? - Yes! Because of single households (comparably easy to mobilize) - Yes! Because of increasing economic role of 2nd and 3rd generation immigrants (though risks on social and economic integration lay still ahead) - But – where are the experts of the future? They should all be born already! 13
  • 14. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Outline 1. Prologue and Basics 2. The rationale – Is Berlin an innovative city? 3. What I am not talking about today… 4. The strategies - regionwide - citywide - areawise - themewise 5. The lessons learnt 14
  • 15. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Berlin – “The innovative city?” According to European Green City Index – Not too bad! - Placed 8th out of 30 European cities
  • 16. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Berlin – “The innovative city?” - Suffers from “lack of wealth” (low income level) but achieves never- theless a high green city score
  • 17. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Berlin – “The innovative city?” - Excellent in energy efficiency of the building stock - Fairly good in use of water resources, waste and land use, air quality, CO2 emissions, environmental governance - Room for improvement in production of energy through renewable resources
  • 18. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Outline 1. Prologue and Basics 2. The rationale – Is Berlin an innovative city? 3. What I am not talking about today… 4. The strategies - regionwide - citywide - areawise - themewise 5. The role of politics and policies – reactive vs. proactive 6. The lessons learnt 18
  • 19. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 … but what could also be seen as “innovative”
  • 20. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Kriegszerstörung und Abrisse - War Destruction and Demolition until 2001 bis 2001
  • 21. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Berlin Center around 1920
  • 22. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Friedrichstadt nach Kriegszerstörung und Nachkriegsabrissen 1952
  • 23. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Mauerbau 13. August 1961
  • 24. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Die Berliner Mauer – The Berlin Wall
  • 25. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Potsdamer Platz mit Mauer
  • 26. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Fall der Mauer November 1989
  • 27. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Mauerfall - Fall of the Wall November 1989
  • 28. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Mauerabriss 1990
  • 29. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Mauerfall - Demolition of the Wall June 1990
  • 30. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Dividing a city via land use planning - conflicting planning strategies - diverting spatial strategies - polycentrality vs. mono- centrality Land Use Plan West Berlin - General Plan East Berlin 1989
  • 31. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Uniting a city via land use planning - equilibrium in development chances - improvement of service provision - polycentralic identity - maintaining compactness and mixture of uses All Berlin Land Use Plan 1994
  • 32. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011
  • 33. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Reichstag
  • 34. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Kanzleramt
  • 35. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Paul-Löbe-Haus Ostansicht, Stephan Braunfels, 1999 - 2003
  • 36. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Hauptbahnhof
  • 37. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Potsdamer Platz Städtbaulicher Wettbewerb 1. Preis Hilmer und Sattler - Städtebauliche Realisierung, Renzo Piano
  • 38. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Potsdamer Platz bis 2001 debis, Renzo Piani - Bürohochhaus, Kollhoff-Timmermann, - Sony, MurphyJahn
  • 39. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Blick in die Friedrichstraße 2000
  • 40. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Dorotheenstadt 2002
  • 41. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Friedrichstadt 1999
  • 42. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 42
  • 43. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Outline 1. Prologue and Basics 2. The rationale – Is Berlin an innovative city? 3. What I am not talking about today… 4. The strategies and innovations - regionwide - citywide - areawise - themewise 5. The lessons learnt 43
  • 44. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Regionwide innovations – Joint Berlin-Brandenburg State Planning Agency since 1992 - Merging the regional planning entities of two states - Agreeing on one regional planning paradigm - Accomplishing different tasks in line with the talents of sub-regions and areas - Avoiding regional redundancies (housing, allocation of productive and logistics sector, social amenities etc.)
  • 45. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Regionwide innovations –Cultural landscapes as action areas for cooperative regional development - Strengthening the strengths in line with the talents of cultural landscapes - Maintaining the inner- regional variety of landscapes - Strengthening identities instead of imposing new „Leitbilder“
  • 46. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Regionwide innovations – Wholistic and interdependent traffic network - Preparing for a rail and road network that is interlinked - Deciding on priorities - Avoiding redundancies - Fostering public transport and accepting the role of complementary motorized traffic
  • 47. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Regionwide innovations – Allocation of tasks, development opportunities and restricitions - Defining supra-centres, middle-sized centres, axial conncetions - Relating tasks and allocation of public funds to the functions of the centres instead of spreading public funds all over the region - Assigning development opportunities and restricitions to the different areas and centres to avoid useless public (and private) investments
  • 48. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Priority areas Identifying focal development areas and planning requirements (new north-west – south-east corridor in line with BBI-airport development)
  • 49. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Intervention areas Identifying future intervention areas at city level and agreeing on them politically on a long term basis
  • 50. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Climate concept 1961-1990 ca. 2100 © Copyright © Kopf, Sebastian; Ha-Duong, Minh; Hallegate, Stephane (2008) © Kopf, Sebastian; Ha-Duong, Minh; Hallegate, Stephane (2008) Berlin wanders to the south – Climate simulation for 12 cities
  • 51. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Climate concept Increase of annual mean temperature ° unteil 2050: +2.5° C → dry summers due to 15% less rainfall → increase of hot days > Urban Heat → wet winters by 50 % and less days below 0 → more extreme weather days (storm, hail etc.) → striking changes in the water table and the stormwater drainage WWF Climate Action on 2. Sept 2009 at the Berlin Gendarmenmarkt with brazilian action artist Nele Azevedo
  • 52. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Climate concept • Contribution to mitigation and adaptation to climate change • Scale 1:50.000 and areawise concretisations • Integration of urban design, landscape, architectural and technological aspects as an integrated action plan • Developing a climate adapted city, ensuring healthy living conditions and a high life quality
  • 53. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Climate concept Areas affected by bio-climate during the day
  • 54. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Climate concept Increase of population affected by bio-climate during the dayuntil 2050
  • 55. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Climate concept Areas affected by bio-climate during the night
  • 56. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Climate concept Increase of population affected by bio-climate during the night until 2050
  • 57. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Climate concept Mesoscale climate measures Stadtteilen - Aeration strips - Large area ventilation - Exchange of air with hinterland
  • 58. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Climate conceptLocal scale climatemeasures:-Local aearationstrips-Water bodies-Green areas-Cold air generationzones-Auto ventialation
  • 59. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Climate concept Microscale climate measures -Building surfaces -Roofs -Shadowing -Aearation of street strips -Street widths -Courtyard greening
  • 60. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Climate concept Measures according to urban structure -De-sealing of surfaces -Increasing Albedo -Planting trees -Greening facades -Greening roofs
  • 61. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Climate concept Action plan 2011 - 2025
  • 62. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – IBA 2020 (?) Planning and preparing for the third International Building Exhibition in Berlin -Rethinking the city -Focusing on - the resources-oriented city - the integrated city - the entrepreneurial city
  • 63. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – IBA 2020 (?) Planning and preparing for the third International Building Exhibition in Berlin -Changing planning paradigms -Focusing on public participation -Mobilizing the “capitals” (strenghts) of the city -Thinking rather in processes than in projects
  • 64. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Planwerk Inner City Monitoring developments and interconnecting areas Bearbeitungsstand Dezember 2009
  • 65. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Citywide innovations – Planwerk Inner City - Uniting the inner city via generating an idea of a joint inner city and city centre - Bridging gaps and filling voids - Maintaining variety of uses and density - Taking up the qualities of the historical layout - Generating new public spaces and green areas - Offering investment opportunities by using the existing infrastructure, street and public transport network 65
  • 66. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 City centre innovation - The existing charm of the Berlin city centre “Fantastic, we live in a metropolis but yet like in the countryside”.
  • 67. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 City centre innovations - Generating new (and contradicting) ideas for the historic city centre through creative but yet open end design processes - Initiating a public discussion process and raising media interest - Preparing the ground for political decision making Entwurf Monsigny Levigny Visualisierung, Prof. B. Albers
  • 68. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 City centre innovations – creative and contradicting ideas
  • 69. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 City centre innovations – creative and contradicting ideas Town hall forum, Mitte City park Lakeside terraces
  • 70. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 City centre innovations – creative and contradicting ideas Town hall forum, Mitte Archaeological garden Esplanade
  • 71. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 City centre innovations – creative and contradicting ideas
  • 72. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 City centre innovations – dialogue as a method Incorporating external experts and stakeholders on issues like - New International Building Exhibition for Berlin 2020 - Discussion of selected and outstanding architectural projects - Continuous comments on conservation issues
  • 73. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 City centre innovations – dialogue as a method Initiating discussions, organizing exhibitions, incorparting the urban public scene Hamburger Bahnhof
  • 74. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 City centre innovation – Interlinking the assets - Working with the city centre’s manifold characteristics
  • 75. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 City centre innovation – Interlinking the assets - Working with the city centre’s manifold characteristics Different strategies for different sites in the historical city centre Exhibiting original artefacts Archaeological Windows Reconstruction Interpreting historical sites (critical reconstruction) Integration strategy – Design by law Old and new buildings complement each other Design in historical context
  • 76. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Theme- and areawise innovations - Activating the assets of Berlin’s archaeological and only partly excavated sites - Setting the city’s history in scene - Generating interest for mostly unknown locations
  • 77. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Theme- and areawise innovations - Re-generating sites which were hidden for centuries - Organizing EU- funds for touristic archaeological show sites - Raising interest of the urban public for the remainders of historic Berlin
  • 78. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Theme- and areawise innovations – Light and advertisement concept
  • 79. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Theme- and areawise innovations – The traffic development concept II - Introducing an integrated mobility and traffic management - Overlaying the different sectoral and areawise strategies - Preparing for a low- and post-fossile age
  • 80. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Theme- and areawise innovations – The traffic development concept II - Reducing traffic emissions (PM10, NOx, CO2) - Fostering opportunities to raise public, pedestrian and bicycle traffic throughout the city
  • 81. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Capital of e-mobility (at least aspired…) - Generating a national hub for e- mobility - Supporting start-ups and technological research - Facilitating recharge stations in public space the city
  • 82. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Barrier-free buildings and public space in Berlin - Making buildings and open space accessible for really EVERYBODY (mobility constraints apply to more than 25% of the population and the number is increasing) - Setting norms, standards and best practices for a barrier- free city for everybody - Disseminating best practices - Implementing the UN Convention
  • 83. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Barrier-free buildings and public space in Berlin Exibitions Hotel Ausstellungen Accessel Exhibitions School 83
  • 84. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Barrier-free buildings and public space in Berlin
  • 85. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Barrier-free buildings and public space in Berlin Entrances Elevators
  • 86. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Barrier-free buildings and public space in Berlin Staircases
  • 87. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Barrier-free buildings and public space in Berlin Tangible models
  • 88. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Barrier-free buildings and public space in Berlin Accesses
  • 89. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Barrier-free buildings and public space in Berlin Accesses
  • 90. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Barrier-free buildings and public space in Berlin
  • 91. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Energy efficiency and CO2 reduction in Berlin 1. From sarcasm to realism „Incredible – before global warming we had to go for 2 hours to the Baltic Sea!!“ - „Berlin on the beaches“ is replaced by seriousness in taking up the 91 climate change challenge at political and most societal levels
  • 92. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Energy efficiency and CO2 reduction in Berlin Application of higher standards for energy efficiency - Further reduction of CO2 emissions via rehabilitation of public buildings + housing stock - rapid response to available subsidiary federal funds 92
  • 93. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Energy efficiency and CO2 reduction in Berlin Increase of insulation requirements – decrease of heat production demand - but: shall we really invest in the last two percentiles which might be technically achievable? 93
  • 94. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Energy efficiency and CO2 reduction in Berlin - Agreeing on commonly used measurement pattern and accessible data through energy certificates - Fostering comparability - Demonstrating the effect 94
  • 95. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Energy efficiency and CO2 reduction in Berlin The Sustainability Triad The Sustainability Triad -Thinking sustainable Socio-cultural objectives development wholistically -Integratinv ecological, social- Ecological objectives cultural and economic objectives into project Sustainable Construction preparation, budgeting and political decision making Economic objectives
  • 96. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Energy efficiency and CO2 reduction in Berlin The Life Cycle Principle Berlin is eager to introduce the life- cycle principle in public construction Life cycle costs of a building, based on the type of use, can be divided into - approx. 20-25 % during the planning and construction phases (overall construction cost I-planning) and -approx. 75-80 % during the phase of use and operation. An early consideration of use and follow-up costs is indispensable for all planning decisions. – But not really loved by the treasurer... 96
  • 97. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Energy efficiency and CO2 reduction in Berlin Climate protection agreements -Companies are ready to make their own contribution to climate protection through improved energy efficiency, the use of modern technologies and other additional energy saving programmes -The Berlin Climate Alliance is based on this entrepreneurial sense of responsibility. The Alliance aims at supporting the Berlin government in reaching its climate protection goals.
  • 98. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Energy efficiency and CO2 reduction in Berlin Energy Saving Contracting in Berlin • Negotiated contract terms: 8 to 14 years • Baseline (original energy costs): between €0.7 to €5.5 million • Cut in CO2 emissions: 908 t/a to 8,300 t/a, • Currently cumulated CO2 reduction: approx. 68,000 t/a • Total baseline of all building pools: €44 million (net) • Investments incl. maintenance: approx. €70 million • Savings in budget: €3.2 million p.a. C40 • Guaranteed savings: €11.3 million p.a. (net) 98 Work shop
  • 99. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Energy efficiency and CO2 reduction in Berlin Pilot Project GESOBAU Märkisches Viertel - The largest redevelopment project in the German housing sector - Low-interest financing through the KfW housing renovation and CO2 building programme - Since the beginning of 2009, part of the Redevelopment Programme for West Berlin (until 2013: 13.5 m € of funding: public spaces and social infrastructure development) - The Märkisches Viertel residential area is More than 13,000 flats have undergone connected to a district-heating network. energy renovation since 2008 Estimate: reduction of carbon emissions by 20,000 t per year, renovation at almost no cost for tenants 99
  • 100. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Energy efficiency and CO2 reduction in Berlin Pilot Project HOWOGE Low Energy Building - Facades: composite thermal insulation system - Window: 3 layers of insulation gazing - Ventilation: central intake / output duct system wih rotary regnerator - Power: energy-saving bulbs; lights in corridor controlled by movement sensors - Heating: state of the art control systems for connection to district heating - Combined heating & power station: lights the Germany´s largest low corridors, supplies domestic installations, energy building prepares hot water (in summer) 296 apartments in - Water-saving taps pilot promotion Reduces annual energy consumption by 30-50 % ! 100
  • 101. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Energy efficiency and CO2 reduction in Berlin Pilot Project degewo Biomass Gropiusstadt The wood-fired cogeneration plant translated into numbers • 12,000 degewo tenants supplied with • 360,000 MWh thermal energy for 20,000 housing units and environmentally friendly energy from the 50,000 inhabitants. wood-fired cogeneration plant located • 100 MW fuel power in Berlin-Gropiusstadt since May 2003. • 20 MW electrical output • 60 MW thermal output • Plant uses only wood, partly waste wood • 130 MW peak load and reserve from building constructions or boilers packagings. • approx. 200,000 t/year wood fuel quantity • Fuel energy is converted into electricity • 235,000 t/year CO2 reduction and heat in a single process which is based • Reduction of Berlin CO2 on the cogeneration principle. emissions by 0.5 % 101
  • 102. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Themewise innovations – Energy efficiency and CO2 reduction in Berlin Photovoltaics in Berlin 13069 kWp No. of plants 9159 7599 6582 5768 5268 4700 4400 3.900 1877 2.500 470 1540 1600 1183 46 86 203 300 370 650 940 1050 1319 1000 191 700 820 900 15 35 90 128 158 220 250 300 400 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
  • 103. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Outline 1. Prologue and Basics 2. The rationale – Is Berlin an innovative city? 3. What I am not talking about today… 4. The strategies - regionwide - citywide - areawise - themewise 5. Conclusions - The lessons learnt 103
  • 104. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 5. The lessons learnt 1 A policy is inevitable to achieve a joint political understanding in the city, to acquire EU, national and local funds to develop strategies and concepts, not to mention implementation itself. Based on the policy integrated strategies with a clear implementation orientation for an area or a sector need to be developed. 104
  • 105. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 5. The lessons learnt 2 The term „integrated“ and/or „sustainable“ urban development needs contents and a variety of options; otherwise we all get tired of it... – Do what works well and shows rapid AND long lasting impact.
  • 106. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 5. The lessons learnt 3 Without participation, involvement and encouragement of owners, local community and the economic sector sustainable urban development becomes an academic exercise – Use any chances to work with the local community and stakeholders (inhabitants, schools, economy, media).
  • 107. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 5. The lessons learnt 4 Sustainable urban development can never be based on cost recovery – it always requires in the one or other way (direct financing, subsidies etc.) public funds – Mobilize public funds to launch key projects on sustainable urban development and rehabilitation projects.
  • 108. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 5. The lessons learnt 5 Also small successes and improvement activities can already reach a lot of impact – Take any chance to celebrate successes with the local community jointly.
  • 109. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 5. The lessons learnt 6 Opt primarily for “Public money for public purposes” - Investment in public projects (places, infrastructure and public buildings) trigger following private investments 5-20x the amount of the public money – find the right trigger points (themes, locations, objects) to mobilize private funds.
  • 110. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011
  • 111. Curitiba-Conferência Internacional – Cidades Inovadoras 17-20 May 2011 Thank you for your interest and see you in Berlin! http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de 111

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