TSBF Institute of CIAT: ISFM-based crop production
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TSBF Institute of CIAT: ISFM-based crop production

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Presentation by Bernard Vanlauwe for the CIAT KSW 2009

Presentation by Bernard Vanlauwe for the CIAT KSW 2009

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TSBF Institute of CIAT: ISFM-based crop production TSBF Institute of CIAT: ISFM-based crop production Presentation Transcript

  • TSBF INSTITUTE of CIAT Outcome line: ISFM-based crop production systems for major impact zones in sub-Saharan Africa KSW 2008
  • TSBF INSTITUTE of CIAT Program : ISFM-based agricultural production systems for major impact zones in the tropics KSW 2009
  • Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
  • The Goal of the ISFM Outcome line is to improve the livelihoods of people relying on agriculture in the impact zones in sub-Saharan Africa by developing and creating an enabling environment for disseminating sustainable, profitable, socially just, nutrient-dense, and resilient agricultural production systems based on Integrated Soil Fertility Management Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally Goal
  • Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally Definition of ISFM ‘ The application of soil fertility management practices , and the knowledge to adapt these to local conditions , which optimize fertilizer and organic resource use efficiency and crop productivity. These practices necessarily include appropriate fertilizer and organic input management in combination with the utilization of improved germplas m ’
  • Marketing and income generation Improved health and nutrition Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
  • Agricultural production systems Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
  • Impact zones Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
  • Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
  • Highlight: ISFM for cassava-based systems in DR Congo Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
  • Highlight: Facilitating the soybean value chain in Kenya Email of BIDCO (soybean processor) of 6th May 2009: ‘ We Bidco-elainto  will buy and process any quantity of  SOYA beans you produce. Please note that you need to worry for Marketing your soya beans at all in Kenya. We are the buyer.’ Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
  • Highlight: Training of agro-dealers in ISFM Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
  • Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
  • MTP 2010-2012 – Outputs Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally Output 1 : ISFM practices for legume-cereal based systems in the West African Sahel and the West, East, and southern African savanna impact zones promoted. Output 2 : ISFM practices for cassava and rice based systems in the West and Central African humid forest and for banana based systems in the Central and East African mid-altitude impact zones assembled. Output 3 : ISFM practices for conservation agriculture systems in the Central America hillside impact zone assembled.
  • MTP 2010-2012 – Output Targets Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally A set of mechanistic principles underlying ISFM practices, for cassava and rice systems in the West and Central African humid forest and for banana-based systems in the Central and East African mid-altitude Impact Zones, in close cooperation with AfNet. Institutionalization of knowledge and approaches for evaluating and disseminating ISFM practices within the governmental and non-governmental extension systems, operating in the West-African Sahel and the West, East, and southern African moist savanna Impact Zones. An enabling environment for the adoption of ISFM practices, including strategic alliances along the legume-cereal value chains, sufficient knowledge on health and nutrition, effective partnerships, and technical stakeholder capacity for cereal-legume systems in the West-African Sahel and the West, East, and southern African moist savanna Impact Zones. A decision support framework for eco-efficient ISFM practices for cereal-legume systems in the West-African Sahel and the West, East, and southern African moist savanna Impact Zones. A set of holistically evaluated ‘complete’ ISFM practices , including biological inoculants, for cereal-legume systems in the West-African Sahel and the West, East, and southern African moist savanna Impact Zones.
  • Renewed link to Latin America – QSMAS system Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
    • Is inserted into the landscape to improve livelihoods while conserving the natural resource base.
    •  Favors local biodiversity
    • (conservation of about 14
    • species from 12 families of
    • trees and shrubs).
    •  Due to a combined effect of
    • permanent soil cover :
      • Dramatically reduces
      • soil losses due to erosion
      • Improves water productivity
      • and quality
    Soil losses in 3 land use systems after 22 weeks
  • Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally Renewed link to Latin America
    • Some thoughts on eco-efficiency
    • Eco-efficiency : yes! But only if enhanced productivity!
    • Environmental : Eco-efficiency is embedded in the definition
    • (maximizing Agronomic use Efficiency of inputs)
    • Economic : Creation of an enabling environment (markets);
    • but: markets can be destructive for the soil resource base!
    • Social : Exclusion of specific groups of farmers will impact
    • on provision of soil-based services at farm and landscape level
    Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
    • A soils platform in Sub-Saharan Africa
    •  Critical mass to address soil-related problems
    • Soils platform as a means to supply all ISFM components
    • (germplasm, inputs, knowledge, etc) developed by CG and
    • partners
    • Sounding board for partners on soil fertility-related issues
    • Information center on soils, both technical and development-
    • oriented
    • Promotion of soil fertility investments at policy level
    • Etc, etc
    • CIALCA as an embryonic soils platform in Central Africa?
    • [www.cialca.org]
    Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
  • Resources needed 1. Funding - Need for major investments (eg AGRA, BMGF) 2. Staff - Current: soil fertility, soil science, microbiology, markets, nutrition - Through other program areas: social sc. GIS, dissemination, seed systems - Partnerships: ARI, dissemination - AfNet: Capacity building 3. Infrastructure - Regional representation Kinshasa Bukavu Lilongwe Maputo Harare Kigali Maseno Sadore Nairobi Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
  • Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
    • Key assumptions
    • The various major investments are linked to each other in
    • time and space
    • Capacity building initiatives are implemented sufficiently quick
    • and in close relationship with the other investments
    • Partnerships are effective (capacity!)
    • Rural service providers, infrastructure
    • Political interest (see earlier green revolutions)
    • And many more…
    Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
    • Some final thoughts
    • Complete ISFM is complex – do we start with less eco-efficient
    • approaches as entry point that make a difference (e.g., AE
    • of the Malawi fertilizer program was only 14 kg grain/kg
    • fertilizer nutrient applied); how eco-efficient is sufficient?
    • It is crucial to be present in the Impact Zones (regional offices)
    • but at the same time challenging to keep the offices operating.
    Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally
  • Thank you! Last year Highlights MTP’10-’12 Finally