Sabrn update march_19_2010_[compatibility_mode]

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  • 1. Updates to PABRA SC 2010 Member Countries 1. Angola 2. South DRC 2 South DRC 3. Lesotho 4. Malawi 5. Mauritius 6. Mozambique 7. South Africa 8. Swaziland 9. Tanzania 10. Zambia 10 Zambia 11. Zimbabwe R. M. Chirwa PABRA SC meeting, Cedara, South Africa – 22-24 March, 2010
  • 2. OUTLINE • Background • Implementing the PABRA frame work 2009-10 • C Capacity building i i i
  • 3. Background • SABRN – Operates under the SADC‐FANR – managed by  CIAT • Strategic Research:  – Generic outputs concepts and products for wide Generic outputs, concepts and products ‐ for wide  application across countries in the region – Methodologies, processes and information to  g ,p facilitate wide adoption and adaptation of  technologies • C ll b ti Collaborative activities with partners ‐ exploiting  ti iti ith t l iti comparative advantages. • Institutional and capacity development Institutional and capacity development • Networking – Exchange of information & technologies
  • 4. Outcome #1: Increased access and  O t #1 I d d utilization of improved bean  p varieties resistant to multiple  environmental stresses i l
  • 5. Output 1.1 New or revised tools for targeting technologies for specific environmental stresses including those associated with climate change and socio-economic variables widely ith li t h d i i i bl id l available to development and farmer organizations Activity Set #1.1.1 Review and analyze current and future risks to bean production and utilization associated with major environmental stresses i l (prevalent drought and f floods, heat, acid soils, salinity, low soil fertility, risk 1.1.1.5 Collect All SABRN of soil degradation, pest and information required countries were diseases) and end user for PABRA Bean g g engaged systems Atlas.
  • 6. Output #1.2: Mechanisms for resistance to environmental  stresses are understood and used to generate improved  varieties resistant to specific environmental stresses f l Activity Set #1.2.1 Study, validate and document the genetic, physiological, pathogenic and pest mechanisms conferring resistance to different environmental stresses (linking with capacity building) and generate new stress resistant bean germplasm 1.2.1.1 Review the status and characterize old/new pests and diseases: All countries involved. Focus on ZA: (ALS, ANT, HB, rust); MW and s/TZ (Bruchid); Malawi (B hid) M l i (BSM) Rust ALS Bruchid 1.2.1.2. Identify sources of resistance to new races of pests and diseases that Rojo G40199 ICA Pijao may have emerged (p y g (partly due to y climate change): specific site focus: SABRN: ZA: ALS, ANT,HB, RUST: TZ: ANT, ALS (AGRA) and MW: Bruchid (AGRA) & TZ (McKnight), (McKnight) MW: BSM (PABRA) Interspecific hybrids P. vulgaris x P. acutifolius
  • 7. Output #1.2: Mechanisms for resistance to  environmental stresses are understood and used to  environmental stresses are understood and used to generate improved varieties resistant to specific  environmental stresses environmental stresses Activity Set #1.2.1 Study, validate and document the genetic, physiological, pathogenic and pest mechanisms conferring resistance to different environmental stresses (linking with capacity building) and generate new stress resistant bean germplasm 1.2.2.5. Continue development, testing advance Various Countries lines and variety release with resistance to received multiple multiple constraints constraint germplasm 1.2.2.12 Take stock of available germplasm with Various countries multiple resistances to stresses (biotic and contributed lines with abiotic) and distribute a nursery for regional multiple resistance (TZ, evaluation. ZA & MW) plus CIAT and these were distributed through regional trials
  • 8. Bean Germplasm Distributed in 2009 Description Lines Number of sets by country AO LS MW MZ SZ MR Regional Bean Yield Trial g 20 1 2 2 1 Regional Bean Evaluation Nursery 100 1 2 2 1 Drought resistance – Small seeded 133 1 1 Drought resistance – Large seeded 21 1 2 2 1 Bean Stem Maggot Resistance 5 4 1 Sugar Bean Nursery 63 1 1 Calima Bean Nursery 210 1 Small white bean (Navy) nursery 45 1 1 Biofortified fast Track lines 39 1 1 1 Biofortified large seeded beans 60 1 1 Medium climbing beans 13 3 Heavy climbing beans 38 3 Red Kidney dwarf bean lines 33 3 3 Red kidney climbing bean lines 17 3 3 Navy beans 70 3 3
  • 9. Outcome# 2: Farmers access, adapt access and use, cost effective, integrated environmental stress management options to better manage soil fertility/moisture and crop pests/diseases and i t /di d increase their th i capacity to respond to stress
  • 10. Output 2.1: New and existing options and strategies for  managing different stress environments are available to  g g farmers through partners using participatory approaches. Activity set # 2.1.1: Develop/identify strategies that address problems associated with intensification in bean cropping systems to generate and promote technologies associated with stresses under crop intensification Tephrosia 2.1.1.1 Developing IDPM and ISFM packages related to intensification of bean cropping systems 1. Soil Fertility – T h i i Malawi and Tanzania – M K i ht Tephrosia in M l i d T i McKnight Foundation. 3. Storage Pest Control 2. Field Pest Control
  • 11. Output 2.1: New and existing options and strategies for  managing different stress environments are available to  g g farmers through partners using participatory approaches. Activity set # 2.1.1: Develop/identify strategies that address problems i h dd bl associated with intensification in bean cropping systems to generate and promote technologies associated with stresses under crop intensification 2.1.1.2 Identify packages for potential scaling up and develop strategies with partners through participatory research processes and others by gender in target countries: Various technologies are available in different countries Swaziland countries. continued to promote use of Crotalaria as green manure and seed multiplication to be done by male and female farmers.
  • 12. Outcome #3: Increased micronutrient-rich bean varieties and products i th diets of th d d t in the di t f the vulnerable communities (children, women, and PLWHA) to i improve their nutrition and h i ii d health
  • 13. Output 3.1. Bean varieties with improved  micronutrient concentration and superior agronomic  p g traits developed and made available. Activity sets# 3.1.1: Identify elite parental sources for seed iron and zinc concentration and use in conventional and marker assisted breeding for high nutrition quality, market, high yield and stress tolerant varieties and assess mineral stability across agro-ecological zones 3.1.1.1. Identify and validate parental lines High Fe and Zn parental lines: for key traits (Fe/Zn, abiotic and biotic AND620 & NUA56 were used in stress) and generate F1 and F2 MW, ZA, TZ, ZM and ZW) to populations generate F1 and F2 3.1.1.2. Select recombinants and evaluate MW & ZA have advanced bean F3 –F6 populations F6 l i lines for high Fe &Zn content li f hi h F &Z which will be evaluated further 3.1.1.5 Conduct national performance Zimbabwe needs DUS and they trials and DUS tests for candidate fast conducted national performance track lines trials
  • 14. Yield performance of NUA 45 across  five sites five sites
  • 15. Output 3.2 Bean based food products targeted to specific  deficiencies, developed, tested and made available to  , p , vulnerable areas/communities.  Activity set# 3.2.1: Assess and map prevalence of target nutritional deficiencies among vulnerable groups and develop value added bean-based bean based food products for household consumption, supplementary feeding and for markets with agricultural, health and nutrition partners 3.2.1.1 Assess prevalent target nutritional  •A nutrition working group was  deficiencies, consolidate available primary established and secondary data, conduct a mapping  •Target deficiencies were identified  exercise, document, publish and  Fe, Zn, protein ‐ energy  disseminate available data malnutrition and general nutrition •Cluster studies have been planned  in MW, ZM and TZ  in MW ZM and TZ 3.2.1.2 Develop value added bean based In ZM and MW partners have food products (at house hold level, developed contracts and activities  community and large scale) started in February and March. started in February and March
  • 16. Output 3.3: Bio‐availability, bio‐efficacy, retention of  micronutrients and health qualities (alfatoxins) of  q ( ) bean grain determined Activity sets#3.3.1: Link with Harvest-Plus to determine bioavailability of iron and zinc in selected micronutrient rich bean varieties and bean based meals under various conditions (e.g. soaking, germination, fermenting, cooking) across PABRA countries. 3.3.1.3 Produce seed of micronutrient 3313P d d f i t i t l d h h hl d Malawi and Southern highlands  rich bean varieties in selected countries Tanzania have bean varieties with  an Fe (90ppm) and Zn (35ppm).  These were targeted for  These were targeted for multiplication and dissemination in  each country. Maharagi Soya Fe 110ppm Zn 41ppm S/H Tanzania Malawi NUA 45 NUA 59 Fe 102ppm Fe 112ppm Zn 35ppm Zn 43ppm
  • 17. Outcome # 4: Small holder farmers, farmers traders and other value chain actors benefit more from opportunities created by emerging new and expanding existing markets
  • 18. Output 4.1: Farmers have access to information on markets and  are effectively linked to  national, regional and international  y , g bean markets using equitable  Activity set# 4.1.1: Conduct value chain analysis for bean based products in national, regional and international markets: develop strategies for effectively i l i l di i l k d l i f ff i l linking smallholder farmers. 4.1.1.2. Review, and •The PABRA markets working group was constituted evaluate national bean in September 2009 market information systems •The SABRN countries that participate are: MW, 4.1.1.3. Document and MZ, ZM, ZW, sTZ, LS, MR and SZ. evaluate major bean markets- their •Tools to review and document the bean grain and characteristics, constraints seed market information were completed and and opportunities circulated to country market resource persons. i l t dt t k t 4.1.1.4. Conduct disaggregated dry bean •Bean product markets have been documented in value chain analysis – dry these countries beans
  • 19. Output 4.1: Farmers have access to information on markets and  are effectively linked to  national, regional and international  y , g bean markets using equitable  Activity set# 4.2.1: Generate dry, snap, climbing, runner, canning bean varieties for niche markets and evaluate with farmers (male and i i f i h k d l ihf ( l d female) and other chain actors (consumers, traders, hoteliers, farmers, processors etc.) 4.2.1.1: Identify d lid t 4 2 1 1 Id tif and validate Breeding f B di for market k t parental lines for key traits (dry classes using known beans and canning beans) and parents is under way in g generate F1 and F2 populations p p MW, sTZ, ZA, ZM, & , , , , ZW 4.2.1.2 Select recombinants and Advanced populations evaluate F 3 – F6 populations were evaluated in various countries: Zambia i i released a canning bean Lwangeni, and Malawi released 3 dry bean y varieties : 2 Calima (NUA45, NUA59) & 1 Sugar (VTTT924/4-4)
  • 20. Output 4.1: Farmers have access to information on markets and  are effectively linked to  national, regional and international  y , g bean markets using equitable  Activity set #4.2.2 Increase of existing released varieties for exhibition with various value chain actors and distribute seeds ih i l h i d di ib d 4.2.2.1 Develop demonstration plots and variety leaflets for released and pre-release varieties of bush and climbing beans •Malawi mounted demo plots for the new CALIMA varieties for on-station field day. •In addition they developed a brochure for existing varieties (SUG131 & UBR(92)25 NUA 59 NUA 45
  • 21. Outcome #5: Diverse clientele of men and women end-users are using d d i adapted and p p preferred bean varieties, environment stress management options and options, micronutrients bean- based products through leveraging sustainable approaches for product production, delivery and information sharing
  • 22. Outcome #6: PABRA partners have increased ability to respond to demands in the bean sector, and are utilizing g g generated knowledge to g influence bean related national and regional policy and advocacy matters
  • 23. Output 6.3: A strategy for influencing policy and  advocacy in PABRA defined and promoted. y f p Activity set#6.3.1 Identify, analyze key gaps in existing agricultural seed,  health, environmental stress policies which inhibit development of efficient  h lh i l li i hi h i hibi d l f ffi i and sustainable delivery systems and establish strategies to influence  regulatory bodies and agricultural policy makers to address policy gaps. 6.3.1.6 Catalyze  All SABRN exchange of  countries except information and  i f i d sDRC participated DRC ti i t d reporting within  in the SABRN SC PABRA: a. Network  meeting which was Steering Committee by  g y held in October at network partners – ARC-GCI, SABRN countries (Oct  Potchefstroom 2010)
  • 24. Degree training NAME DEG UNIVERSITY FUNDING STATUS Kanyenga Lubobo MSc Univ. of Lubumbashi PABRA Finished 2009 Magalhaes Miguel PhD Penn State Univ Univ. McKnight Final Year Soares Xerinda PhD Penn State Univ. McKnight Final Year Celestina Jochua PhD Penn State Univ. McKnight Final Year Virginia Chisale MSc Penn State Univ. USAID 2nd Year Godwill Makunde PhD Free State Univ. TL-II 2nd Year Lizzie Kalolokesya MSc Univ. Univ of Zambia TL-II Final Year Abraham Dhlamini MSc Univ of Pretoria Others started Issac Fandika PhD New Zealand Others 2nd Year
  • 25. Non Degree Training Non‐Degree Training • Statistical Analyses – using GENSTAT was Statistical Analyses using GENSTAT was  organized in Malawi for McKnight funded  projects (Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania)  projects (Malawi Mozambique and Tanzania) • Phenotyping genotypes for drought resistance – a short course was conducted by CIAT‐HQ staff  for  h t d t d b CIAT HQ t ff f TL‐II project ‐ Malawi and Zimbabwe • Ph Phenotyping for bean diseases t i f b di – a short course was conducted by CIAT‐Uganda for  staff  from various SABRN countries. t ff f i SABRN ti
  • 26. Workshops and Meetings  o s ops a d ee gs • Participate in the PABRA SC meeting in Nairobi, Kenya – April  2009 • Organized the TL‐I Annual Review meeting in Malawi for all  stakeholders – April 2009  • Participated in the ne PABRA Phase implementation plan Participated in the new PABRA Phase implementation plan – September 2009 • Participated in the CCRP East and Southern Africa Culture of  p Practice meeting in Dar es Salaam – September 2009  • Organized SABRN SC meeting  ‐ October 2009 • ECABREN SC meeting – February 2010
  • 27. Outcome 7: Increased i t O t 7 I d integration of ti f g gender and equality p p q y perspectives in implementation of PABRA research and development agenda
  • 28. Thank You Th k Y