Socio-economic and agrodevelopment trends and drivers for
Asia
INTERVENTIONS

AGRARIAN SYSTEM

CROPS
LIVESTOCK
FOREST
OFF-FARM

MARKETS

SHOCKS

WATER

SOCIAL RELATIONS

FARM SYSTEM

OR...
Levels of drivers
1. Global drivers of change
2. Country specific drivers of change
– Infrastructure and policies,

3. Loc...
Global drivers
• Rising energy costs
• World trade and globalisation
– Increased distance food travels
– What does WTO mea...
Population growth and demography
•
•
•
•

Total
Urban:rural
Aging work force in rural areas
Currently low dependency ratio...
Consumption
•
•
•
•
•

Change in incomes
Substitution between foods
Food quality
Food safety
Ethical, environmental issues
Labour
•
•
•
•

Availability of labour
Cost of labour
Mechanisation
Diversified rural livelihoods
Rising input costs
• Fertiliser
– Linked to energy (reductions from highs on the
last decade)

• Irrigation
Access to land
•
•
•
•

Urbanisation
Consolidation
Concessions
Enclosure of the commons

• Process of bringing smallholder...
Access to finance
Biofuels
• Crops now linked to energy markets
• Crops linked to developments in other
crop/tree markets
– Already were lin...
National food security
• Main crops
• Secondary crops not given preference
– Inefficiencies

• What happens if China gives...
Price controls vs support for farmers
• Concern over rising prices
– Price controls along the value chain

• Thailand rice...
Infrastructure
• Access to remote areas
– Market access
– Changing commodities (from subsistence to
commercialisation
– Di...
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Newby socio economic and agro-development trends and drivers for asia

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Newby socio economic and agro-development trends and drivers for asia

  1. 1. Socio-economic and agrodevelopment trends and drivers for Asia
  2. 2. INTERVENTIONS AGRARIAN SYSTEM CROPS LIVESTOCK FOREST OFF-FARM MARKETS SHOCKS WATER SOCIAL RELATIONS FARM SYSTEM ORGANISATIONS TRENDS LAND VILLAGE SYSTEM TRAJECTORIES
  3. 3. Levels of drivers 1. Global drivers of change 2. Country specific drivers of change – Infrastructure and policies, 3. Local drivers of change
  4. 4. Global drivers • Rising energy costs • World trade and globalisation – Increased distance food travels – What does WTO mean for Lao • World prices • Biotec • Climate change
  5. 5. Population growth and demography • • • • Total Urban:rural Aging work force in rural areas Currently low dependency ratio is some countries like Laos….that is going to change
  6. 6. Consumption • • • • • Change in incomes Substitution between foods Food quality Food safety Ethical, environmental issues
  7. 7. Labour • • • • Availability of labour Cost of labour Mechanisation Diversified rural livelihoods
  8. 8. Rising input costs • Fertiliser – Linked to energy (reductions from highs on the last decade) • Irrigation
  9. 9. Access to land • • • • Urbanisation Consolidation Concessions Enclosure of the commons • Process of bringing smallholders back into systems in former colonials • Land grabs in new areas
  10. 10. Access to finance
  11. 11. Biofuels • Crops now linked to energy markets • Crops linked to developments in other crop/tree markets – Already were linked in the starch market – Now linked in biofuel sector
  12. 12. National food security • Main crops • Secondary crops not given preference – Inefficiencies • What happens if China gives up on selfsufficiency objectives
  13. 13. Price controls vs support for farmers • Concern over rising prices – Price controls along the value chain • Thailand rice support
  14. 14. Infrastructure • Access to remote areas – Market access – Changing commodities (from subsistence to commercialisation – Differential impacts • Potential for a backwash effect
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