Managua sites selection Nicaragua

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Impact Pathways Workshop & VCA Tools Workshop, Managua, August 2013

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  • Managua sites selection Nicaragua

    1. 1. Site selection in the Nicaragua VC An Notenbaert, Jeannette van de Steeg, Isabelle Baltenbeck, Jane Poole Impact Pathways Workshop & VCA Tools Workshop, Managua, August 2013
    2. 2. Huge heterogeneity in bio-physical and socio-economic context  Identify a small number of representative research locations: That capture the gradient of key variables provide opportunity for good research and impact Site selection - rationale
    3. 3. Site selection - criteria Field Sites are selected using a combination of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ criteria • Hard criteria Based on maps of e.g. cattle density, poverty and market access Implemented in a Geographical Information System (GIS) • Soft criteria ‘Ease of working’ Opportunity to double up with Field Sites with other projects/programs Presence and capacity of partners Institutional actor presence and networks Resource availability – interest from other donors Potential for impact Current practices
    4. 4. Multi-step procedure 1. Define the target zone  Different types of markets in Nicaragua 2. Decide what a site is  Municipality or cluster of municipalities? 3. Spatial stratification and selection of ‘potential sites’  Based on the ‘hard’ criteria  Representing the different contexts/environments  Our proposal: cattle density, poverty, market access 4. Scoring of potential sites  Based on the ‘soft’ criteria  ‘Impact’ indicators and ‘ease of working’ indicators 5. Agreement on final set of sites  Start implementation of the project
    5. 5. Different types of markets LaF (milk, meat & fish for the poor by the poor) strata to consider  Peri-urban (not in this case)  Rural to urban  Rural to rural Define target zone Site definition Spatial stratification Scoring of potential sites
    6. 6. Different types of markets - 2 Define target zone Site definition Spatial stratification Scoring of potential sites
    7. 7. Departments and municipalities Define target zone Site definition Spatial stratification Scoring of potential sites
    8. 8. Why stratify into domains? Define target zone Site definition Spatial stratification Scoring of potential sites • To ensure representativeness and inclusiveness of the diverse environments • To evaluate research processes etc. in different environments • To facilitate lessons learning across the various VCs • To facilitate scaling out of interventions
    9. 9. Spatial stratification Spatial criteria: Cattle density → high density areas Poverty → high poverty areas Market access → good vs. bad access areas Define target zone Site definition Spatial stratification Scoring of potential sites LaF strata to consider:  Peri-urban  Rural to urban  Rural to rural
    10. 10. Cattle densities Define target zone Site definition Spatial stratification Scoring of potential sites Cut off value: 60 head/km2
    11. 11. Poverty Define target zone Site definition Spatial stratification Scoring of potential sites Cut off value: 50% of population
    12. 12. Market access Define target zone Site definition Spatial stratification Scoring of potential sites Cut off value: 4 hours Cut off value: 2 hours
    13. 13. Domains Cattle densities, poverty, market access - in that order - Define target zone Site definition Spatial stratification Scoring of potential sites Meat Value Chain (< 4 hours travel time) Milk Value Chain (< 2 hours travel time)
    14. 14. Rural to rural markets Cattle densities, poverty, market access - in that order - - Meat Value Chain -
    15. 15. Rural to rural markets Cattle densities, poverty, market access - in that order - - Milk Value Chain -
    16. 16. Rural to urban markets Cattle densities, poverty, market access - in that order - - Meat Value Chain -
    17. 17. Rural to urban markets Cattle densities, poverty, market access - in that order - - Milk Value Chain -
    18. 18. Selection criteria • The spatial criteria ALONE don’t have a high enough resolution to select field sites completely, so we combine them with soft criteria AND ‘ground-truthing’ (with stakeholders) to come up with the final selection • Under ‘soft’ criteria we understand: Partners – presence & capacity On-going research activities Proximity and comparability to other long-term research sites Institutional actor presence & networks Resource availability Others?.... Define target zone Site definition Spatial stratification Scoring of potential sites Example criteria
    19. 19. CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish livestockfish.cgiar.org
    20. 20. Pre-selected sites and domains Cattle densities, poverty, market access - in that order - - Meat Value Chain -
    21. 21. Pre-selected sites and domains Cattle densities, poverty, market access - in that order - - Milk Value Chain -

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