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Lefroy asia and projects

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  • 1. CIAT Asia Team Planning Meeting 19-21 February 2014 Socio-economic and Agro-development trends and drivers
  • 2. Population distribution Countries by: Population 1st, 2nd, 4th … 10th, 12th, 13th, 20th (Ch, In, Id, Jp, Ph, Vn, Th) Economy 2nd, 3rd … 10th, 15th, 16th … (Ch, Jp, In, Kp, Id)
  • 3. Poverty: rates, distribution, inequity • Almost half the world (over three billion people) live on less than $2.50 a day • At least 80% of humanity lives on less than $10 a day
  • 4. Poverty: rates, distribution, inequity • Almost half the world (over three billion people) live on less than $2.50 a day • At least 80% of humanity lives on less than $10 a day
  • 5. Poverty: rates, distribution, inequity 2010 Poverty Rates Population Poor (<$1.25PPP/day) Region Total (%) (millions) (millions) South Asia 31.0 506.8 1,633.2 Sub-Saharan Africa 48.5 413.7 853.6 East Asia and Pacific 12.5 250.9 2,010.4 Latin America & Caribbean 5.5 32.3 583.9 Middle East & North Africa 2.4 8.0 331.3 Europe and Central Asia 0.7 3.2 477.1 20.6 1215.0 5,889.4 Total
  • 6. 2010 Poverty Rates India* India--Rural India--Urban China* China--Rural China--Urban Bangladesh Indonesia* Indonesia--Rural Indonesia--Urban Pakistan Philippines Vietnam Nepal Cambodia Lao PDR Sri Lanka Timor-Leste Thailand Bhutan Mean PPP$/mth 60.39 54.96 73.01 147.61 91.14 216.91 51.67 83.33 75.36 90.21 73.39 103.65 91.27 68.06 86.55 71.17 117.66 57.4 220.34 137.82 Population Poor (<$1.25PPP/day) % millions 32.67 400.1 34.28 293.4 28.93 106.6 11.62 155.5 20.57 151.7 0.64 3.8 43.25 64.3 18.06 43.3 17.75 19.7 18.33 23.6 13.47 23.4 18.42 17.2 13.96 12.1 24.82 7.4 14.72 2.1 26.04 1.6 4.11 0.9 34.70 0.4 0.38 0.3 4.42 0.0 Total millions 1,224.62 856.01 368.61 1,338.30 737.4 600.9 148.69 239.87 111.06 128.81 173.59 93.26 86.94 29.96 14.14 6.2 20.86 1.12 69.12 0.73
  • 7. HDI
  • 8. HDI
  • 9. HDI
  • 10. Undernourishment trends
  • 11. Drivers of change • Asian Tigers (SEA) and Dragons (Ch/In) • FDI –Forestry, Mining, Hydropower, Agriculture, Industry … • Employment opportunities - hit by the Asian Financial Crisis (1997) - hit by the GFC (2007-8) • Population growth – slowing in places • Land grabs – local / regional / global • Access / Roads / Transport - GMS major roads - Feeder roads and local infrastructure
  • 12. 2011 Population Growth Rates in Asia Countries Japan: Korea, South: Hong Kong: China: Korea, North: Thailand: Singapore: Sri Lanka: Indonesia: Vietnam: Burma: World (Weighted average) Bhutan: India: Bangladesh: Pakistan: Malaysia: Nepal: Laos: Cambodia: Brunei: Philippines: East Timor: 2011 -0.28% 0.23% 0.45% 0.49% 0.54% 0.57% 0.82% 0.93% 1.07% 1.08% 1.08% 1.10% 1.20% 1.34% 1.57% 1.57% 1.58% 1.60% 1.68% 1.70% 1.71% 1.90% 1.98%
  • 13. GMS Road System 2015
  • 14. Countries Donor Institutions 1977-79 1980-82 1983-1991 1 9 9 19923 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Cassava/Cassava systems Cassava support Core Cassava breeding Th Core/Japan CIAT Cassava cropping in Asia Th, Vn, Ch, Id Nippon CIAT Cassava cropping in Asia Th, Vn, Ch Nippon CIAT On-farm Use La, Kh Nippon CIAT On-farm Use La, Kh, Vn, Mm Nippon CIAT On-farm Use Kh Nippon CIAT Seeds of Life Et ACIAR CG centers Cassava Indonesia & Timor Id, Tp ACIAR CIAT Waxy cassava in Thailand Th Th CIAT PRDU LA, Vn, Ch IFAD CIAT / CIP 4FGF La, Kh, Vn IFAD CIAT / CIP IBC La, Kh, Vn UFAD/SNV CIAT/SNV RTB Vn, Kh, La IFAD ICRISAT / CIAT Biofuels Vn, Ch, Co, In, Ph, Ma IFAD ICRISAT / CIAT Pests & Diseases Th, Vn, Ch, Kh, La, … EC/IFAD CIAT FSP La, Ph, Vn, Id, Th, Ch AusAID CIAT FSP La, Ph, Vn, Id, Th, Ch AusAID CIAT FLSP La AusAID CIAT FSP II Ph, Vn, Id, Ch, La, Th ADB CIAT LLSP La, Ph, Vn, Kh, Id, Ch, Th ADB CIAT PPTA La ADB CIAT CBSLSLP La ADB CIAT Fodder systems Et, Vn, Sy IFAD ILRI / CIAT / ICARDA Legumes for pigs La ACIAR CIAT Cattle in Cambodia Kh ACIAR UNE / CIAT Cattle in Cambodia II Kh ACIAR UNE / CIAT Rice & cattle NE Thailand Th ACIAR World Vision / CIAT Restricted core support Region ACIAR CIAT Rainfed Southern Laos La ACIAR CSU-UQ-NSWDI-IRRI-CIAT Pig production & health SPSP La ACIAR CSIRO / CIAT CLVLP Kh, La, Vn IFAD CIAT Animal Health Project La ACIAR CSIRO Extension in Agriculture Project I La ACIAR CSU (CIAT) Extension in Agriculture Project I La ACIAR CSU (CIAT) SADU Laos and Vietnam Vn, La SDC CIAT SADU Laos II La SDC CIAT SADU Laos III La SDC CIAT SADU Vietnam Vn SDC CIAT Fruit marketing N Vn Vn ACIAR CIAT LFM in the uplands if Vietnam Vn Cordaid? CIAT JIRCAS La JIRCAS JIRCAS-CIAT JSA La JMAFF JIRCAS-CIAT STOAUS La Austria CIAT-BOKU CC & Land Use La GTZ CIAT CC & Economic Impact Th GTZ CIAT PSROI La, Vn CC & LUC in GMS GMS (Ch, La, Mm, Th, Kh, Vn) CCAFS CIAT La IDRC CIAT/PRGA Forages & Livestock Linking Farmers to Markets Climate Change & Land Use CIAT PRGA P NRM CIAT Asia Projects 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015