0
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Integrating CIAT
Research in Asia
… inAsia
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
• Reinhardt Howeler:
CIAT’s contribution to cassava production in Asia
• Overview of ac...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Cassava
Production: 16% 54% 30%
Trade: 95%
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
• Continued links between breeding /
pre-breeding and the
germplasm collection
in Cali ...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Cassava production systems
• 50% of the 3.8 million ha grown to cassava in Asia is
plan...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Cassava pest and diseases
Develop a response in terms of:
• Immediate quarantine measur...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Eco-Efficiency of production & processing
• Erosion control
• Site specific nutrient
re...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Cassava for higher altitudes
• 750 sexual seeds from
crosses from LAC
highlands
• March...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Cassava for Biofuel
• IFAD ICRISAT-CIAT
– sweet sorghum
– jatropha
– cassava
(Cali / CL...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Forage and Livestock
Systems
• Legumes for Pigs Project
- technology: ↑ growth and ↓ la...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Legumes for Pigs Project Strategy
Stylo for pigs
• How does it work?
• Can it be improv...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Districts with direct
project activities
Government staff + CIAT
Geographic Reach
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Geographical reach
through Alliance partners
NGOs, Development Projects
&
Government st...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Households growing Stylo 184 as
supplementary feed for pigs, 2006-2008.
0
200
400
600
8...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Factors contributing to success
1. An entry technology with significant benefits to far...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Challenges
• Different institutional cultures and procedures of
partner organisation su...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Ruminant Systems in Central Vietnam
Daklak Province
Ea Kar District
Vietnam
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Project focus
Improving household income
and building innovation
capacity for cattle de...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Project activities and outcomes
2007 – 2009
FAP
2000 – 2002
FSP
2003 – 2005
LLSP
 Eval...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Main stakeholders
Researchers (CIAT, TNU, NIAH)
+ district extension office
+ key farme...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Adoption of Forages
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Changes in cattle population and cattle sales
0
5,000
10,000
15,000
20,000
25,000
30,00...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Stakeholder linkages 2002
CIAT &
NIAH
District
extension
office
Key
farmers
TNU
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Stakeholder linkages 2005
TNU
(+CIAT,
NIAH)
District
extension
office
Farmer
groups
Dis...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Stakeholder linkages 2008
TNU
(+CIAT, NIAH)
District extension
office
Farmer groups
Dis...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Linking Farmers to Markets
• Smallscale Agroenterprise Development in the Uplands
(SADU...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
SADU Vietnam
• Development:
Develop impact-oriented, pro-poor
value chain pilots
• Rese...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
SADU Vietnam
• Development:
Develop impact-oriented, pro-poor
value chain pilots
• Rese...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
SADU Vietnam
Development of value chain pilots:
Cassava
Cattle
Potato
Persimmon
Chayote...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
SADU Vietnam
Value Chain Interventions:
 Market linkage development
 Transition to mo...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
SADU Vietnam
• Documentation of
approaches, processes,
and lessons
• Sharing of lessons...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
SADU Vietnam
Emerging results:
 More resilient, competitive, and sustainable smallhold...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
SADU
Laos
Value chains
• current key markets:
livestock - pigs, cattle and buffalo;
non...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Research areas
• Understanding impacts and equity for different groups within market ch...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Small-scale Agro-enterprise Development in the
Uplands of the Lao PDR (SADU)
New busine...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Rural
Households,
Farmer Groups
Cassava
Production
Livestock
Production
Small-scale
Pro...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
New Areas of activity / linkages
• Spatial Analysis - DAPA
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Spatial Analysis
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Climate Change study in the Lao PDR
• GTZ Lao-German Land Policy
Development Project
• ...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Cassava current Cassava 2020
Suitability change
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Partnerships & Linkages
• CGIAR and AROs:
 Joint projects: ICRISAT & CIP
 Location in...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Partnerships & Linkages (cont.)
China
• Agreements with CATAS, GSCRI, YAAS, and CAAS
• ...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Eco-Efficient Agriculture
• “Regions are the integrators”
• Comfortable as it is what w...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Communications
• Documentation, website, …all pretty poor
Try to get an intern
• Intera...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Visibility of the Regions
• Part of the Strategic Plan and MTP or not?
Reaction of dono...
Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
Thank you
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Integrating CIAT Research in Asia

1,053

Published on

Presentation by Rod Lefroy for the CIAT KSW 2009

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,053
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
32
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Integrating CIAT Research in Asia"

  1. 1. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Integrating CIAT Research in Asia … inAsia
  2. 2. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor • Reinhardt Howeler: CIAT’s contribution to cassava production in Asia • Overview of activities  Cassava  Forages and livestock systems  Linking farmers to markets  New areas  Partnerships  Issues
  3. 3. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Cassava Production: 16% 54% 30% Trade: 95%
  4. 4. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor • Continued links between breeding / pre-breeding and the germplasm collection in Cali with breeders in Asia (especially Thailand and China) • Development of waxy cassava for Thailand with Thai breeders and supported by the Thai Tapioca Development Institute (TTDI) Cassava breeding for Asia
  5. 5. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Cassava production systems • 50% of the 3.8 million ha grown to cassava in Asia is planted with CIAT-related varieties • Much higher percentages in some countries: Thailand (98), Cambodia (80), Vietnam (70), China (30), Burma (20), Indonesia (19) • Adoption of new varieties and improved agronomy has increased average yields by 50% and by even more in some countries
  6. 6. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Cassava pest and diseases Develop a response in terms of: • Immediate quarantine measures • Monitoring pests and diseases • Confirm species • Identify, rear, and introduce biological control agents • Initiation of breeding strategies
  7. 7. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Eco-Efficiency of production & processing • Erosion control • Site specific nutrient recommendations • ISFM • Waste utilization & management • Processing
  8. 8. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Cassava for higher altitudes • 750 sexual seeds from crosses from LAC highlands • March 2009: 6 promising breeding lines being evaluated at 1,300 masl • Develop “elite genotypes” for testing with farmers • Impact of Climate Change?
  9. 9. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Cassava for Biofuel • IFAD ICRISAT-CIAT – sweet sorghum – jatropha – cassava (Cali / CLAYUCA / Asia) • IFAD 4FGF • Breeding/selection for more efficient conversion to ethanol • Smallscale processing • Smallholder production systems & links to processors • Biogas and CDM
  10. 10. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Forage and Livestock Systems • Legumes for Pigs Project - technology: ↑ growth and ↓ labour - scaling-out: Pig Systems Development Alliance • Improved Ruminant Production - focus: technologies & systems - stakeholders: • Grasses for Fish
  11. 11. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Legumes for Pigs Project Strategy Stylo for pigs • How does it work? • Can it be improved? Reaching poor households • Government extension service • NGOs & projects Learning alliance • platform for sharing knowledge + training • linking people and organizations DevelopmentResearch • Understand the production systems • Understand the impact of Stylo 184 (science) • Improve feeding systems • Identify other feeding options • Convince partners of the benefits so they are interested to scale out • Support scaling out (knowledge, tools, seed) • Build capacity • Feedback to research
  12. 12. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Districts with direct project activities Government staff + CIAT Geographic Reach
  13. 13. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Geographical reach through Alliance partners NGOs, Development Projects & Government staff + CIAT Geographic Reach
  14. 14. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Households growing Stylo 184 as supplementary feed for pigs, 2006-2008. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 2005 2006 2007 2008 Year Numberoffarmers NGO District extension Number of households growing Stylo for pigs Scaled out by (1) NGOs and other development partners (2) directly by district extension services in project target villages
  15. 15. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Factors contributing to success 1. An entry technology with significant benefits to farmers – a powerful incentive for working together 2. A common goal, commitment and like-minded professionals  Improving livelihoods of poor smallholder farmers through more efficient and sustainable agriculture and livestock production.  Many shared additional common goals: - providing significant benefits to women and ethnic minorities - use of participatory approaches to work with local communities 1. Respect for each others organisational values, skills, and contributions 2. Recognition of the benefits of joining in an alliance and working together in reaching the goals of their own projects
  16. 16. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Challenges • Different institutional cultures and procedures of partner organisation such as Differences in remuneration Lack of access to operational funds Disincentives for sharing information Staff turnover Bureaucratic procedures • Real and important constraints but benefits of participation sufficient to manage these challenges
  17. 17. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Ruminant Systems in Central Vietnam Daklak Province Ea Kar District Vietnam
  18. 18. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Project focus Improving household income and building innovation capacity for cattle development Developing and integrating forage technologies with farmers Improving cattle production through forage-based feeding systems 2007 – 2009 FAP 2000 – 2002 FSP 2003 – 2005 LLSP Moving from forages to impacts
  19. 19. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Project activities and outcomes 2007 – 2009 FAP 2000 – 2002 FSP 2003 – 2005 LLSP  Evaluation of forage varieties with individual farmers  Developed appropriate forage technologies for cattle  Improving feeding systems with farmer groups  Scaling out forage-based feeding systems  Improved cattle productivity and income Moving from simple issues to systems issues  Continued improving feeding systems and scaling out  Changed cattle production system to stall feeding, cross bred cattle, and more market-oriented production
  20. 20. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Main stakeholders Researchers (CIAT, TNU, NIAH) + district extension office + key farmers in 4 villages All Stakeholders from first stage + district government + commune government + farmer groups + commune extension workers + district farmer and women’s union Moving from simple research partnerships to complex R&D multi- stakeholder relationships All stakeholders from second stage + additional communes and farmer groups + cattle traders + agricultural banks + other district departments (e.g. policy, planning) 2006 – 2008 FAP 2000 – 2002 FSP 2003 – 2005 LLSP
  21. 21. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Adoption of Forages 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Years Numberofhouseholds
  22. 22. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Changes in cattle population and cattle sales 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 35,000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year Cattlepopulation • Cattle population in the District doubled from 2003 to 2005 • Mean increase for the Province only 7% • Cattle pop. stable from ‘05 Number of animals sold: 8000 in 2005 15,000 in 2008
  23. 23. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Stakeholder linkages 2002 CIAT & NIAH District extension office Key farmers TNU
  24. 24. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Stakeholder linkages 2005 TNU (+CIAT, NIAH) District extension office Farmer groups District farmer & women’s union District government Commune extension workers Commune government
  25. 25. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Stakeholder linkages 2008 TNU (+CIAT, NIAH) District extension office Farmer groups District farmer & women’s union District government Commune extension workers Commune government Traders Banks Other district departments
  26. 26. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Linking Farmers to Markets • Smallscale Agroenterprise Development in the Uplands (SADU): Vietnam Laos • Food, Feed, Fibre, and Fuel for a Greener Future (4FGF): Linking smallholders to agribusiness / processing Benefits to processors: feedstock supply and waste management Benefits to smallholders through market engagement • Inputs to all other projects/programs: Forages, Cassava
  27. 27. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor SADU Vietnam • Development: Develop impact-oriented, pro-poor value chain pilots • Research: Assess processes, outcomes, impacts and lessons • Development: Mainstream approaches, tools and lessons 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Research Extensio n Research Delivery / Development New Research “Proof of concept” “Proof of delivery” “Delivery”
  28. 28. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor SADU Vietnam • Development: Develop impact-oriented, pro-poor value chain pilots • Research: Assess processes, outcomes, impacts and lessons • Development: Mainstream approaches, tools and lessons
  29. 29. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor SADU Vietnam Development of value chain pilots: Cassava Cattle Potato Persimmon Chayote Banana
  30. 30. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor SADU Vietnam Value Chain Interventions:  Market linkage development  Transition to more commercial and competitive production systems  Collective action for market access  Development of commercial support services and input distribution chains  Improvements in the design and implementation of contract farming schemes  Market-oriented diversification
  31. 31. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor SADU Vietnam • Documentation of approaches, processes, and lessons • Sharing of lessons • Development of manuals • Training, mentoring, and advisory services
  32. 32. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor SADU Vietnam Emerging results:  More resilient, competitive, and sustainable smallholder production and marketing systems  Direct income benefits to resource-poor and ethnic minority farming households  Marketing extension curriculum developed for: - National Agricultural and Forestry Extension Centre - College for Managers of Agriculture and Rural Development - Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry  Lessons: - Entry points for intervention - Working with agribusiness for pro-poor innovation - Strategic use of subsidies for scalability and sustainability
  33. 33. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor SADU Laos Value chains • current key markets: livestock - pigs, cattle and buffalo; non-timber forest products – passion-fruit, porsaa (paper mulberry). • re-entering maize; looking to other key strategic, pro-poor value chains… • exiting some locally focussed chains: poultry, goats, chilli, bananas… Key achievements • adaptation and publication of CIAT Agro-Enterprise Development field facilitators guide (IPG) • platform for scaling up, linkages, information and conflict resolution • conditions for supporting development of service providers • Learning Alliance with NGOs – provision of training and mentoring support • Capacity building with national, provincial and district MAF staff
  34. 34. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Research areas • Understanding impacts and equity for different groups within market chains • Targeting impacts on key beneficiaries through market chain interventions • Results measurement – additionality, displacement, multipliers • Further tools to support the’ agro-enterprise development process’, and capacity building • Mechanisms for engagement with an opportunistic, short-term focussed private sector in Laos • National government policy support – enabling environments for trade
  35. 35. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Small-scale Agro-enterprise Development in the Uplands of the Lao PDR (SADU) New business models for sustained trading relationships
  36. 36. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Rural Households, Farmer Groups Cassava Production Livestock Production Small-scale Processing (wet starch) rootsleaves processing “wastes” Forages & Food Crops manure manure biogas Potential markets for wet starch: • dry starch • starch derivatives (maltose, etc) • locally processed foods • ethanol (biofuel) • bioplastics Food, Feed, Fuel, and Fiber for a Greener Future (“4FGF”) • Linking farmers to higher-value agro-industrial markets • Diversifying livelihoods, improving eco-efficiency of smallholder production systems
  37. 37. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor New Areas of activity / linkages • Spatial Analysis - DAPA
  38. 38. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Spatial Analysis
  39. 39. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Climate Change study in the Lao PDR • GTZ Lao-German Land Policy Development Project • For whole country & focus on 4 Provinces • 3 Scenarios • 2020 and 2050 • Impacts on land use • Assessment with villagers - how have things changed - what adaptations approp.
  40. 40. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor
  41. 41. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Cassava current Cassava 2020 Suitability change
  42. 42. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Partnerships & Linkages • CGIAR and AROs:  Joint projects: ICRISAT & CIP  Location in CIAT office: • ILRI: EcoHealth approaches to Zoonotic Emerging Infectious Diseases (EcoZEID) • IWMI: currently – location of 2 Lao-based staff soon – build extension  Secondments: JIRCAS – hydrologist & economist • Graduates / students:  Fourth round of Zamorano graduates  GMMF: 10 awards (Vn: 4, Kh: 2, My: 2, La: 1, Ch: 1)  BOKU, German MScs  UQ PhD
  43. 43. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Partnerships & Linkages (cont.) China • Agreements with CATAS, GSCRI, YAAS, and CAAS • CIAT-CAAS Forum to progress collaboration with China/CAAS, Beijing 17-21 August Visit to partners/potential partners in CAAS institutions  Introduction of CAAS and CIAT  Beans - Crop Science Institute & YAAS  Forages - Institute of Animal Sciences & CATAS  Biotech - Biotechnology Research Institute & ?  Rice - China National Rice Research Institute & YAAS  Cassava – GSCRI-CATAS India • Cassava: pests and diseases & biofuel • CTCRI, Private Sector, …
  44. 44. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Eco-Efficient Agriculture • “Regions are the integrators” • Comfortable as it is what we are doing • Provides a useful checklist for activities – no great change
  45. 45. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Communications • Documentation, website, …all pretty poor Try to get an intern • Interactions between project, programs, regions Reaching End Users • Part of the Strategic Plan and MTP or not? • The “good” development partners - Learning alliances, Partnerships, etc. The “less good” development partners - Buy in the technologies / consultants Some Issues
  46. 46. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Visibility of the Regions • Part of the Strategic Plan and MTP or not? Reaction of donors Programs “Lost in LAC” or just Lost • DAPA • Linking Farmers to Markets • Cross-cutting projects/activities Some Issues
  47. 47. Eco-EfficientAgricultureforthePoor Thank you
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×