Getting Back to Basics: Creating 
  Getting Back to Basics: Creating
Impact Oriented Bean Seed Delivery 
Systems for the P...
Background
• Importance of Beans
  Importance of Beans
• Major Challenges to Production
• Why this project was conceived?
...
Importance of bean

• Good source of plant
  protein/minerals/vitamins
• Leaves are good
              g
  vegetables
• Re...
Limiting factors to bean production



• Limited varieties for specific agro‐ecologies and 
  market niches
• Unavailabili...
This Project was to Address:
     This Project was to Address:
•   Inadequate exposure of farmers, other consumers, 
     ...
Project Goal and Objectives: 
              Project Goal and Objectives:

                           To identify/verify f...
Project Sites
       Project Sites
• Southern Highlands of Tanzania:
   Mbeya, Iringa and Rukwa Regions
• Malawi:
   North...
Project strategy: Partnership 
        Project strategy: Partnership
 Partners included:
   •   Government Extension Agen...
Participatory Variety Selection
            Participatory Variety Selection
   Picture ‐ Process of PVS:     Country    Pa...
Results of PVS: 
                   Results of PVS:
• Clients’ variety selection  • Varieties Selected
  Clients variety s...
Seed Multiplication

Partners and Farmers were trained in seed production


                    Year                      ...
On station seed production
On‐station seed production


Table with breeder and foundation


               2007           ...
QDS 
                       QDS production
 In collaboration with 
  extension 
    • Minimum inspection 
      supported...
Empowering small seed entrepreneurs (SHT) 
E      i      ll    d               (SHT)

                     • Small seed en...
Engaging large scale ‘ able’ seed private    
       g g g g                         p
                      suppliers 

 ...
Supply of Starter Seed (PVS) and Basic for 
   pp y                 (   )
       Commercial Seed Production 

 Malawi:

D...
Seed systems environment – Malawi 
              Situation 
• 2006                                   • 2010
              ...
Lessons Learnt
              Lessons Learnt
• Policy makers can provide a drive to influence
  Policy makers can provide a...
What next ? RESEARCH: Variables for Compare/Contrast
                                         p
Seed           Operations ...
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Getting back to basics [compatibility mode]

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Getting back to basics [compatibility mode]

  1. 1. Getting Back to Basics: Creating  Getting Back to Basics: Creating Impact Oriented Bean Seed Delivery  Systems for the Poor (and others) in  S t f th P ( d th ) i Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania   q Chirwa, R.M, J.C. Rubyogo, M. Amane, E. D.L. Mazuma, C. Madata and R. Magreta SAf‐CoP4 meeting Held at Club Makokola, Mangochi,  Malawi Mangochi Malawi September 27‐October 1, 2010
  2. 2. Background • Importance of Beans Importance of Beans • Major Challenges to Production • Why this project was conceived? h hi j i d?
  3. 3. Importance of bean • Good source of plant protein/minerals/vitamins • Leaves are good g vegetables • Reduced hunger/cash strap period – early maturing – 3 months • Sold for cash – leaves and grain • Fixes nitrogen
  4. 4. Limiting factors to bean production • Limited varieties for specific agro‐ecologies and  market niches • Unavailability of seed of improved bean varieties • Lack of knowledge about the existence or  availability of non‐variety bean  technologies • Poor linkages between producers and Poor linkages between producers and  consumers/markets
  5. 5. This Project was to Address: This Project was to Address: • Inadequate exposure of farmers, other consumers,  q p , , traders, other rural service providers to identify  their preferred varieties and stimulate their wider  utilization.   utilization • Unavailability and inaccessibility of seeds of these  varieties, resulting from disconnection between  varieties, resulting from disconnection between National Agricultural Research Services (NARS)  products (improved bean varieties, knowledge and  skills) and existing farmer, rural service providers  kill ) d i ti f l i id and local bean seed systems. 
  6. 6. Project Goal and Objectives:  Project Goal and Objectives:  To identify/verify farmers’ bean variety  preferences  • Goal: Improved Improved  food/Nutrition   To enhance skills and knowledge of partners  security and incomes  in Participatory Variety Selection (PVS) and  of small holders  of small holders decentralized seed systems decentralized seed systems through use of  improved bean   To develop impact‐oriented bean seed  productivity  productivity p production and delivery systems of preferred  y y p varieties serving a range of end‐users
  7. 7. Project Sites Project Sites • Southern Highlands of Tanzania: Mbeya, Iringa and Rukwa Regions • Malawi: North, central and southern regions • Mozambique: Tete, Zambezia Tete Zambezia, Nampula and Niassa provinces
  8. 8. Project strategy: Partnership  Project strategy: Partnership  Partners included: • Government Extension Agents Country y Partners • NGOs, NGOs Organizations • CBOs Malawi 12 • Private sector and • Farmer organizations Mozambique 16 • Church organizations Tanzania 24 • Bean t d B traders Total 52 The partners, farmers and traders  The partners farmers and traders were trained to build their skills   in PVS
  9. 9. Participatory Variety Selection Participatory Variety Selection Picture ‐ Process of PVS:  Country Participants in PVS Ribbons Fe Male Total mal e Malawi Tanzani 146 1238 2704 a 6 Mozam 418 603 1021 bique q Total Photo‐Process of PVS: cooking  evaluation
  10. 10. Results of PVS:  Results of PVS: • Clients’ variety selection  • Varieties Selected Clients variety selection Varieties Selected criteria Country Varieties Tested  Selected Released Malawi Mozambique Tanzania
  11. 11. Seed Multiplication Partners and Farmers were trained in seed production Year Seed (kg) Malawi Tanzania Mozambique 2007 4411 760 2008 1525 2500 2009 1562 6630 2010 1872 9800 Background  picture of seed  multiplication
  12. 12. On station seed production On‐station seed production Table with breeder and foundation 2007 2008 2009 2010 Malawi Mozambique Tanzania 10840 7050 4181 7200
  13. 13. QDS  QDS production  In collaboration with  extension  • Minimum inspection  supported by district db d • Sometimes bureaucratic  limitations:  limitations: o lack of funds o transport means o time availability  Can farmers sustain the cost of inspections? f h f ? Does inspection pay off? 
  14. 14. Empowering small seed entrepreneurs (SHT)  E i ll d (SHT) • Small seed entrepreneurs  (own production/contract)  marketing small packs in  k i ll k i SHT  Should regulations apply  equally to large and small  seed entrepreneurs or what  d h measures to support their  p development?? 
  15. 15. Engaging large scale ‘ able’ seed private     g g g g p suppliers  • e.g. in 2009 Demeter  seed company in Malawi  close to 400 T  through  close to 400 T through MG TIP (about 230,000  households)‐ • 2010: Similar amount of  seeds   (details with Martin) What next after TIP?  What next after TIP?
  16. 16. Supply of Starter Seed (PVS) and Basic for  pp y ( ) Commercial Seed Production   Malawi: Due to seed rules under TIP: ‘One to One’ generation,  Demeter Agric.  Ltd requires every year about 5 tons of  breeder seeds to produce  400 MTs commercial seeds  breeder seeds to produce 400 MTs commercial seeds
  17. 17. Seed systems environment – Malawi  Situation  • 2006  • 2010 • Increasing in  commercial  • No formal seed supply seed due to exposure and  also big  seed market   • Limited partners in three Limited partners in three  countries  • Increasing use of certified  (5% in Malawi)  • Certified seed uses  (<1%)  • E Emerging local  i l l entrepreneurs (several in  three countries  • Di Diverse partners  The demand for bean seed of various  categories is increasing in all the 3  • Increased demand of  countries breeder/basic seeds
  18. 18. Lessons Learnt Lessons Learnt • Policy makers can provide a drive to influence Policy makers can provide a drive to influence  changes in seed supply and delivery systems – the case of Malawi. the case of Malawi
  19. 19. What next ? RESEARCH: Variables for Compare/Contrast p Seed Operations Institutional Scale Speed Type of Quality of production/Cha efficiency mix farmer seed nnels reached supplied Private company QDS Certified entrepreneurs t Farmer non certified seeds Use of small packs Non market channels: schools, church

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