Eco-Efficiency and Natural Resources

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Presentation by Patrick Lavelle for the CIAT KSW 2009

Presentation by Patrick Lavelle for the CIAT KSW 2009

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  • 1. Eco-Efficiency and Natural Resources Patrick Lavelle IRD CIAT/TSBF
  • 2. Multifunctional approach in land management Natural resources Food production Biodiversity Biofuel Industrial products Climate regulation Water Turism Urbanization
    • Find the best ecological, sociological and economic
    • compromise among different use
  • 3. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment FINDINGS
    • Agriculture has been successful at expenses of all other ESs
    • 60% ES degraded
    • Biodiversity under great threat
  • 4. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment FINDINGS
    • Privatisation of benefits; globalisation of costs of lost of natural resources is the current trend.
  • 5. MEA Scenarios
    • Degradation of many services can be reversed by 2050 in 2/4 scenarios
    Education Investment in public goods Technological development Proactive policies
  • 6.
    • Change is global; the system is unique
    • All services are interlinked and need to be addressed in common
    • Solutions need to be interdisciplinary
  • 7. How to do it?
    • Technical solutions :
    • Find the best compromises among production of different ESs, at plot, landscape and regional scales (ISFM/LSM programmes)
    • Intensification in plots (genetic resources; input management; biodiversity management)
    • Reshaping functional landscapes (biodiversity corridors; improved ability of soils to infiltrate and store water with forest and other components.
    • Regional and national planification (REDD and other PES schemes; )
  • 8. How to do it?
    • Social component :
    • Organise networks and partnership among :
    • Local farmer associations
    • Research centers and Universities
    • Government entities
    • NGOs (national and international)
    • Institutions and policies
    • Necessary changes identified
    • Gender issues addressed
  • 9. How to do it?
    • Economic solutions
    • Developping payment of Ecosystem Services schemes
    • - local : no payment
    • - regional : water
    • - global : biodiversity/climate regulation
    • Other systems for incentives and market organisation
  • 10. How to do it?
    • A general modeling approach to allow predictions and scenarios
    • Links among ecological, economic and institutional entities (e.g., Auto organization and the Panarchy theory)
    Source: Gunderson and Holling, 2002; Lavelle, 2008
  • 11. The RAINFOR_ES project Restoration, measurement and commercialization of ecosystem services in tropical forest areas Restoration of EScV Measurement With participative Indicators Commercialization 8 countries; 43 institutions In prep. For GEF