Access and Availability of Research Results


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Presentation by Enrica Porcari for the CIAT KSW 2009

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  • Access and Availability of Research Results

    1. 1. Access and Availability of Research Results CIAT KSW, Cali 18 May 2009
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>14:00 Welcome - Ruben </li></ul><ul><li>14:05 Introduction – Enrica </li></ul><ul><li>14:20 Benchmarking CIAT – Edith </li></ul><ul><li>14:40 AA Pathways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction - Peter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensing and IP - Peter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repositories - Peter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social media - Simone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>15:10 Group Discussions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constraints to making ‘your’ research AA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What pathways would work in CIAT? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>15:45 Reports Back </li></ul><ul><li>16:00 Break </li></ul>
    3. 3. Background <ul><li>Information and knowledge are not born public; they must be worked upon to ensure they become public, i.e. available, accessible and applicable </li></ul><ul><li>Recent independent review of CGIAR encouraged Centers “to make their research available and useful for development” – as well as international science </li></ul>
    4. 4. International Public Goods <ul><li>CGIAR-produced data, information or knowledge assets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits can travel across boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Described and stored for posterity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be easily found & accessed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be shared & re-used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available, accessible & applicable without restrictions </li></ul></ul>
    5. 6. AAA Framework <ul><li>Help understand and assess International Public Good (IPG) status of CGIAR research outputs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Benchmark’ how research outputs measure up according to their availability, accessibility and applicability – how likely they are to ‘travel’. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help scientists and Centers/Programs decide on level of availability and accessibility of outputs they produce – and the pathways to get there! </li></ul></ul>
    6. 7. Three A’s <ul><li>Availability: assemble and store outputs so they will be permanently accessible, and describing them in systems so others know, and can find, what has been produced. </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility: make outputs as easy to find and share and as open as possible, in the sense that others are free to use, reuse, and redistribute them. </li></ul><ul><li>Applicability: research and innovation processes that are open to different sources of knowledge, and outputs that are easy to adapt, transform, apply and re-use. </li></ul>
    7. 8. The Problem: Research outputs inaccessible <ul><li>They are not captured </li></ul><ul><li>They are locked up behind passwords </li></ul><ul><li>They are kept inside intranets </li></ul><ul><li>They are not on the Internet, or digital </li></ul><ul><li>Their addresses are not permanent </li></ul><ul><li>They are not easy to find </li></ul><ul><li>Licenses do not encourage re-use </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t ‘travel’ as far as they should </li></ul><ul><li>.. </li></ul>
    8. 11. A center’s peer-reviewed outputs <ul><li>journal articles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100% available online on internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>22% open accessible online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>52% open accessible through AGORA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>0% available or listed on center web site (except in annual report) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>88% fulltext available in internal repository </li></ul></ul><ul><li>books and chapters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3% available on center web site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>32% available online [mainly google books, often partial content] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>65% fulltext available in internal repository </li></ul></ul><ul><li>conference papers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>13% listed in center publications database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>47% available on center web site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>60% open accessible online </li></ul></ul><ul><li>own reports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100% listed in center publications database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>83% open accessible online </li></ul></ul>
    9. 14. Reflections <ul><li>Not all of a Center’s outputs are internally available in full. What is available, often cannot be made public. </li></ul><ul><li>Many products are available online; most, especially those not published by a Center, are not immediately open. </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher permissions to make articles publicly available or paying for open access, can transform the accessibility of some outputs. </li></ul><ul><li>Search tools by a center to find its own research outputs can be less complete than those of Google. </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright policies often do not encourage outputs to travel. </li></ul>
    10. 15. We can improve! <ul><li>‘ Pathways to accessibility’ </li></ul>
    11. 16. Capture the outputs
    12. 17. Make them Visible
    13. 18. Publish on other platforms
    14. 19. Opening access
    15. 20. Open licenses
    16. 21. Social Media
    17. 23. Conclusions <ul><li>Traditional outputs are much less accessible, to development communities, than we wish. </li></ul><ul><li>Many outputs are not as permanently accessible as posterity may require. </li></ul><ul><li>Research outputs can be made much more accessible, they can be helped to travel: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We need ‘accessible’ as well as ‘quality’ research outputs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We need pathways that will make outputs truly accessible. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We need communication partnerships with ‘adaptive and delivery’ agents that will take and apply knowledge from research, reinforcing their capacities as required. </li></ul></ul>