2010-11 CIARD - Bridging Rural Digital Divide (Brasil) - English
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2010-11 CIARD - Bridging Rural Digital Divide (Brasil) - English

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Presentation by Dr. Stephen Rudgard ...

Presentation by Dr. Stephen Rudgard
Chief, Knowledge and Capacity for Development
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

III Conferência Internacional sobre Inclusão Digital e Social Brasilia, Brasil. 16-19 Novembre , 2010

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  • To date the e-Agriculture Team has focused its efforts on the platform, the Community’s virtual meeting space, and in face-to-face events such as GKP, eIndia, the IAALD World Congress, RIBDA 2009, and others. In-country interventions are ongoing through partner organizations (FAO, ICT-KM of the CGIAR, GFAR, Katalyst Bangladesh, MOA of P.R. China, etc.) that then share back through the Community.
  • These are four discussion forums as examples. Each e-Agriculture forum typically has participation (viewing and/or inputs) from 500 to 2500 individuals. The full text of all the forums is kept online for review at any time. A policy brief (1-2 pages) is produced at the end of each forum. There are also resource lists associated with each forum. A forum on the use of ICTs in agricultural research and extension is being planned for late 2010 – details on this will be disseminated through FAO, GFAR and APAARI as they become available.
  • The community is focused on membership of individuals, not organizations. Participation is free. Support is in-kind (although specific sources of funding are being sought).
  • There are many issues important to the e-Agriculture Community as a whole. Indeed the Community could identify several groups (of individuals) within the overall Community all with somewhat different focuses. Recently two particular issues have caught the attention and energy of the Community in Asia, and have been the focus of discussions (both in virtual forums and at face-to-face events) and through the development of consolidated resources on the e-Agriculture platform. These are known as “Key Topics” and the two examples are presented here. A third Key Topic, “the Role of ICT in Agricultural Value Chains” has just been added to the e-Agriculture platform, and a fourth on ICTs and gender will be launched next month.
  • There is much greater details on these Key Topic issues available on the www.e-agriculture.org platform
  • Introducing the issue of lack of access to the outputs of African agricultural research
  • Graphic representation of the amount of web-based information/content across continents/regions. Note: This covers all subjects not just agriculture.
  • Graphical representation of how African scientists are collaborating together – as reflected by co-authoring of scientific papers together. Shows language barriers (Anglo:Franco) and regional barriers to collaboration Note: This covers all subjects not just agriculture.
  • Noting in a positive context that output of traditional scientific publications from African scientists has been rising over the last decade in all parts of the continent. Note: This covers all subjects not just agriculture.
  • Note: IBICT develops OA strategies in the scope of a vast set of coordinated actions that delineate the national policies towards access to scientific information.
  • This slide shows how three agricultural research centres are struggling with making their research outputs truly accessible in three generic areas, starting with % accessibility of Bibliographic References, moving to % accessibility of Full Text, and lastly % accessibility through international search engines/indexes. It can be noted that these issues affect international centres just as much as they affect national ones. Note: The various segments of the diagram represent different indicators of accessibility within each of the three general categories – the details have been left out to simplify the diagrams.
  • The map shows those countries from which information professionals contributed to the consultations in 2009. USAIN-2010 represents the first step to bringing the detailed CIARD agenda to the institutions commanding the largest body of public domain agricultural information in the world.


  • 1. Presentation by Dr. Stephen Rudgard Chief, Knowledge and Capacity for Development Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) III Confer ê ncia Internacional sobre Inclus ã o Digital e Social Brasilia, Brasil. 16-19 Novembre , 2010 Bridging the Rural Digital Divide the value of a global community of practice
  • 2. An international initiative that aims to reinforce the value of global dialogue and cooperation to address emerging issues around the role of ICT as an instrument of sustainable agricultural and rural development. The e-Agriculture Community of Practice
    • The e-Agriculture Community of Practice is active on three levels:
      • Virtual web-based platform (www.e-agriculture.org)
      • Face-to-face meetings and events
      • In-country interventions through partners
  • 3.
    • Community members interact with each other and contribute a range of resources in the form of case studies, good practices and lessons learned, documents , publications, links, l earning resources, news and events information.
    The e-Agriculture Community of Practice Over 7,000 members from + 150 countries
  • 4. Visits to www.e-agriculture.org (2009/10) Number of visits per month
  • 5.
    • The Community includes:
      • policy makers
      • rural service providers
      • development practitioners
      • farmers
      • NGO and CSO staff
      • researchers
      • information and communication specialists
    • in agriculture and rural development.
    The e-Agriculture Community of Practice
  • 6. KEY TOPICS Important issues identified by the community: 1. Mobile telephony in rural development 2. Public-private partnerships
  • 7. Public-private partnerships in rural development KEY TOPICS
    • occur at community level providing information and advisory services addressing the needs of producers
    • public sector mandates for provision of information and services are enhanced through local context in a commercial environment added by the private sector
  • 8. Agricultural Research Information for Development A Global Community
  • 10. Graph by FAO. Source data from www.webometrics.info (Webpages from universities. January, 2009) Content in Google from universities
  • 11. Source : Thomson-Reuters (April, 2010). Network of collaboration Cluster of countries with strongest partnerships (by papers)
  • 12. Source : Repository Maps - repository66.org Powered by Google Nov-2010 Open Access Repositories
  • 13. Source : Thomson-Reuters (April, 2010). World Research Outputs (share growth)
  • 14. Source : Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico and Thomson-Reuters. Brazil: Research Outputs “ Natural knowledge”
  • 15.
    • Advocacy/Policy for Open Access
    • Open Access projects and products:
    • - Dialogo Cientifico Project (DiCi)
    • - Brazilian Digital Library of Thesis and Disertations (BDTD)
    • - Sistema Eletrônico de Editoração de Revistas – (SEER),
    • - OASIS.br , etc .
    Accessible information
  • 16. Graph by FAO. Source data from Agricultural Information Worldwide. Vol. 3. No.1 (2010) Accessibility of research outputs in some International Centres Centre A Centre B Centre C Bibliographic References Full Text Resources Search Engines
  • 17. Global and Local Challenges in Research Communication
    • Capacities
      • Lack of institutional policies to enable research communication
      • Lack of specialized skills in complex digital technologies
    • Diversity of Responses
      • Customized Information/Knowledge Systems
      • In-house IKM Programmes
      • Institutional Networks
      • National Initiatives
      • R&D Community Forums/Platforms
      • Virtual and Web2.0 tools for Participation/Interaction
  • 18. A new way forward Coherence in Information for Agricultural Research for Development
  • 19. A new partnership for truly accessible information
    • CIARD - new global movement
    • formed in 2008 building on consultations in 2005 and 2007
    • to provide a platform for coherence between information-related initiatives
  • 20. Founding Partners 112 partners and growing….. The Community
  • 21. CIARD Consultations - 2009 Country representation
  • 22. 1 st Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development (GCARD), March 2010   Recommended that: Stakeholders use the potential of multi-partner initiatives such as CIARD to facilitate availability and access to information and knowledge in innovative ways. 5 th General Assembly of the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA), July 2010 Recommended that CIARD should: advocate for more coherent approaches to knowledge sharing and communication of the outputs of agricultural research support development of national capacities for all types of stakeholders Endorsement of
  • 23.
    • “ To make public domain agricultural research information and knowledge truly accessible to all”
    • All organizations that create and possess public agricultural research information disseminate and share it more widely
    • CIARD partners will (a) coordinate their efforts, (b) promote common formats, (c) adopt open systems
    • Create a global network of public collections of information
    The Vision and Manifesto
  • 24.
    • To increase the benefits from investments in agricultural research and innovation for development, the partners in the CIARD initiative have agreed to make research outputs truly accessible, based on a common set of values:
    • Advocate effective investments
    • Establish coherent systems and services
    • Communicate content
    • Develop and strengthen capacities
    The Values
  • 25. CIARD: Benefits to Institutions
    • increased national/international visibility and use of their research output and content services
    • increased exchange of information content between their system(s) and others
    • increased awareness of other research outputs through information content and services
    • increased access to specialised expertise and knowledge and other partners’ proven solutions
    CIARD: Institutions’ Contributions
    • promote and implement the CIARD vision and objectives
    • register products and services on research outputs through the CIARD RING
    • adopt/promote international standards related to digital research outputs
    • register institutional profile on Checklist
    • share lessons learned and experiences
  • 26. Capacity Building Task Force Advocacy Task Force Content Management Task Force
  • 27.
    • Developing Institutional Readiness
    • Introduce and gain support for the CIARD Manifesto and Values in your institution
    • Have your institution recognised as a CIARD partner
    • Adopt a formal institutional information/ communication strategy
    • Develop the capacities of your institution to achieve the CIARD Checklist
    • Develop national/local partner networks to share resources and skills
    • Increasing the Availability, Accessibility and Applicability of Research Outputs
    • Ensure your research outputs are available digitally.
    • Develop institutional or thematic information repositories of your outputs as open archives.
    • Use international metadata standards, data exchange protocols, and agricultural vocabularies and thesauri.
    • Develop a clearly defined licensing policy for your outputs.
    • Optimize the structure and the content of web sites for search engines.
    • Share metadata by participating in international information systems.
    • Use ‘social’ Web 2.0 media and applications to share your outputs.
    • Build formal and informal networks to to repackage your outputs.
    Checklist of Good Practices
  • 28. Pathways to achieve the Checklist
  • 29.
    • Global registry of information sources and services in agriculture
    • information providers register their services in various categories – e.g.
      • Documents repositories: 68
      • RSS feeds – news &events: 18
    R outemap to I nformation N odes and G ateways http://ring.ciard.net /
  • 30. III Confer ê ncia Internacional sobre Inclus ã o Digital e Social IBICT. Brasilia, Brasil. 16-19 Novembre ,2010 THANK YOU for more information please visit www.e-agriculture www.ciard.net Bridging the Rural Digital Divide: the value of a global community of practice