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Rusike - Supply and demand drivers of grain legumes in highlands of central and southern Africa: Targeting agricultural research investments
 

Rusike - Supply and demand drivers of grain legumes in highlands of central and southern Africa: Targeting agricultural research investments

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Presentation delivered at the CIALCA international conference 'Challenges and Opportunities to the agricultural intensification of the humid highland systems of sub-Saharan Africa'. Kigali, Rwanda, ...

Presentation delivered at the CIALCA international conference 'Challenges and Opportunities to the agricultural intensification of the humid highland systems of sub-Saharan Africa'. Kigali, Rwanda, October 24-27 2011.

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  • Highlands characterized by high population densities Ethiopia, Great Lakes Region, Malawi, Mozambique, Eastern Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Lesotho
  • Highlands characterized by significant concentration of poverty in Ethiopia, Great Lakes Region, Malawi, Mozambique, Eastern Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Lesotho
  • Intrest to use legumes for intensification and diversification of these systems because have become valuable, source of quality protein, oils and fats amnd nutrinets, and BNF
  • Value chain (Plate), Value Chain System,

Rusike - Supply and demand drivers of grain legumes in highlands of central and southern Africa: Targeting agricultural research investments  Rusike - Supply and demand drivers of grain legumes in highlands of central and southern Africa: Targeting agricultural research investments Presentation Transcript

  • Supply and demand drivers of grain legumes in highlands of central and southern Africa: Targeting agricultural research investments CIALCA International Conference, Kigali, Rwanda, 24-27 October 2011 J. Rusike, S. Boahen, K. Dashiell, S. Kantengwa, J. Ongoma, D. M. Mongane, G. Kasongo
  • Introduction
  • Introduction
  • Introduction
    • Increase % legumes: N2Africa
    • Debates about R4D for impact
      • Target cowpeas (food security) or soybeans (cash, nutritional security)?
      • Target better-favored or less-favored areas?
      • How deliver seed, fertilizers, inoculants, crop and post-harvest management technologies, finance, services, capacity building?
  • Objectives
    • Apply value chain methods to assess role of legumes, drivers of change, opportunities and constraints on grain legume-led growth
    • Identify areas for targeting R4D investments
  • Conceptual Framework Local Country Global Input supply Output marketing
  • Hypotheses
    • N2Africa legumes important for cash income, food security, NRM and gender equity
    • Global and country scale drivers (globalization, world prices, urbanization, policy) determinants of market opportunities
    • Targeting R4D at local scale drivers generates most impact
  • Methods
    • Rapid analysis value chain questionnaire interview survey with key players
      • Survey April-September 2001
      • 245 in-depth interviews with government researchers, extension agents, seed companies, traders, agribusinesses, NGOs, government policy makers
      • Ghana 45; Kenya 32; Malawi 37; Mozambique 24; Nigeria 44; Rwanda 20; S. Kivu 17; Zimbabwe 26
    • Statistical analyses and econometric modelling
      • Time series annual data on area planted, yield production
      • Time series monthly price data in wholesale and retail markets in source and end-markets
  • Roles in household strategies
  • Opportunities: Production consumption
  • Production
  • Consumers Channel 2 Fresh grains unprocessed Channel 3 Dried grains unprocessed Channel 4 Dried grains export Exports Channel 5 Dried grains processed Consumers Subsistence households Consumption Distribution Trade On-farm p roduction Inputs Channel 1 Subsistence production & consumption Processing
  • Pathways: Source-endmarkets
  • Gross margins Grain legume price (Metical/kg) Market stage Common beans Cowpeas Groundnuts Soybeans Farm gate 20 6 22 10 Wholesale (terminal) 23 8 26 14-22 Retail (terminal) 46 8-10 35-40
  • Co-integration analysis of prices: beans
  • Constraints
    • Low yields and poor quality of products
    • Poor access to inputs, extension services and markets
    • Lack of post-harvest storage
    • Lack of market coordination
    • Poor road and communication infrastructure
    • Unavailability of micro-credit
    • Poor government market regulations and high transaction costs
  • Areas for targeting research
    • V arietal testing and agronomic research
    • Efficient systems for delivery of certified seed of adapted varieties, rhizobium inoculants, fertilizers and agro-chemicals and crop management practices that relax constraints on higher yields
    • Post-harvest management practices and storage
    • Microfinance
    • Agro-processing plants
    • Infrastructure and market regulations to reduce transaction costs
    • Policy incentives to expand private sector investments
  • Conclusions
    • G rain legumes important and very important roles in smallholder farmers’ strategies for incomes, food security, nutrition, NRM and gender equity in highlands
    • Significant opportunities in domestic urban, regional and international markets
    • Smallholders can be linked by strengthening farmers’ groups and better targeting of research investments