Think You Can't Afford Green? Think Again
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Think You Can't Afford Green? Think Again

  • 639 views
Uploaded on

Bill Orr and Ed Wansing of the Collaborative for High Performance Schools (CHPS) discuss strategies for schools and districts to "go green", including strategies for new modular, prefab buildings......

Bill Orr and Ed Wansing of the Collaborative for High Performance Schools (CHPS) discuss strategies for schools and districts to "go green", including strategies for new modular, prefab buildings and existing schools.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
639
On Slideshare
580
From Embeds
59
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 59

http://www.chps.net 58
http://10.1.0.46 1

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. CHPS Think You Can’t Afford Green? Think Again.Nashville, TN Bill Orr, CHPSSeptember 18, 2011 Ed Wansing, CHPS
  • 2. The Mission of CHPSCHPSTo make schools betterplaces to learn
  • 3. CHPS CHPS History • 2002  First CHPS Criteria Developed for California • 2005  First CHPS Criteria Licensed Outside of California • 2006  BPM Relocatable Classrooms Volume Published • 2007  CHPS Verified Introduced • 2008  CHPS Becomes National Organization • 2009  BPM Relocatable Classrooms Volume Revised • 2009  High Performance Products Database Released • 2010  Operations Report Card Introduced • 2011 CHPS Verified for Prefab Classrooms Unveiled
  • 4. Loyola Elementary, CA Major Modernization High PerformanceAll Schools Can Be CHPS
  • 5. CHPS Best Practices Manual Five volumes for a variety of stakeholdersCHPS Road Map
  • 6. CHPS Relocatable Classrooms for High Performance Schools 2009 EditionDownload: www.chps.net/dev/Drupal/node/41
  • 7. CHPS
  • 8. CHPS Best Practices Manual: 2009 Relocatables Volume• Best Practices– Design for High Performance Relocatable Classrooms – Daylighting – Electric Lighting – HVAC – Building Envelope – Finish Materials• Criteria and Scorecard
  • 9. CHPSRelocatables Project RecognitionPresents a path forcompliance for providersand school ownersPre-Certified: Build/purchasea classroom that achieves theminimum number of points asoutline in the new RelocatableCriteria, also included in thismanual (pg. 67)
  • 10. CHPSCriteria for High PerformanceRelocatable Classrooms 7 High Performance Categories Sustainable Sites (SS) Water (WE) Energy (EE) Materials (ME) Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) New for 2009 Edition Leadership, Education and Innovation (LEI) Climate Change (CL)
  • 11. CHPS Criteria for High Performance Relocatable Classrooms Key for the Criteria (MFR) = Responsibility of the manufacturer/provider (SCH) = Responsibility of the school owner or design team (MOD) = Applicable for modernizations of relocatable/modular buildings Minimum Qualifications: Manufacturers: 18 Points Schools: 7 Points Modernizations (Schools): 18 Points
  • 12. CHPSManufacturer Tasks 1. Meet all manufacturer prerequisites 2. Earn at least 18 points 3. Seek CHPS Verified status 4. Market high performance model to school owners
  • 13. CHPSSchool Owner Tasks 1. Lease or purchase a “pre-certified” Classroom Model 2. Meet all School Prerequisites 3. Seek CHPS Verified Status 4. Earn at least 7 points 5. Receive Recognition for having a CHPS Verified Classroom Building
  • 14. CHPSCategory: Leadership, Education and InnovationKey for the Criteria(MFR) = Responsibility of the manufacturer/provider(SCH) = Responsibility of the school owner or design team(MOD) = Applicable for modernizations of relocatable/modular buildings
  • 15. CHPSCategory: Sustainable SitesKey for the Criteria(MFR) = Responsibility of the manufacturer/provider(SCH) = Responsibility of the school owner or design team(MOD) = Applicable for modernizations of relocatable/modular buildings
  • 16. CHPSCategory: Energy EfficiencyKey for the Criteria(MFR) = Responsibility of the manufacturer/provider(SCH) = Responsibility of the school owner or design team(MOD) = Applicable for modernizations of relocatable/modular buildings
  • 17. CHPSCategory: ClimateKey for the Criteria(MFR) = Responsibility of the manufacturer/provider(SCH) = Responsibility of the school owner or design team(MOD) = Applicable for modernizations of relocatable/modular buildings
  • 18. CHPSCategory: Materials and Waste ManagementKey for the Criteria(MFR) = Responsibility of the manufacturer/provider(SCH) = Responsibility of the school owner or design team(MOD) = Applicable for modernizations of relocatable/modular buildings
  • 19. CHPSCategory: Indoor Environmental QualityKey for the Criteria(MFR) = Responsibility of the manufacturer/provider(SCH) = Responsibility of the school owner or design team(MOD) = Applicable for modernizations of relocatable/modular buildings
  • 20. CHPS CHPS Verified For High Performance Prefabricated Classrooms
  • 21. CHPSGoals for CHPS Verified forPrefabricated ClassroomsGoal 1: Provide product label thatclearly designates highperformance building status
  • 22. CHPSGoals for CHPS Verified forPrefabricated ClassroomsGoal 1: Provide product label thatclearly designates highperformance building statusGoal 2: Get manufacturersrecognition for the elements theycan control
  • 23. CHPSGoals for CHPS Verified forPrefabricated ClassroomsGoal 1: Provide product label thatclearly designates highperformance building statusGoal 2: Get manufacturersrecognition for the elements theycan controlGoal 3: Provide a streamlinedprocess for recognizingprefabricated pre-certified buildingmodels
  • 24. CHPSHigh Performance Products DatabaseProduct Profile Certification www.chps.net/database/Sales Contacts Company Profile
  • 25. CHPSHigh Performance Products DatabaseProduct Profile Proposed Database Categories Certification Caulks and Adhesives Decking Doors CHPS Verified Prefabricated Classrooms Exterior Finish and TrimSales Contacts Flooring and Floor Coverings Furniture and Finishings Company Profile Interior Finish and Trim www.chps.net/database/
  • 26. CHPSChanging the GameSix marketing roundtable sessionsObjective 1: Create consensus onimprovements to the CHPSprogramObjective 2: Create consensus onhow to move forward as anindustry
  • 27. CHPSRecommendation #1:Use a Term That Has a CommonMeaning for Providers and Customers• Permanent modular vs. temporary portable/ relocatable• Prefabricated classroom• Off-site built classroom
  • 28. CHPSRecommendation #2:Provide Recognition Levels• Provide some amount of additional recognition to superior projects• Address quantitative and qualitative improvements
  • 29. CHPSRecommendation #2:Provide Recognition LevelsCHPS Verified Leader - New Construction Example• CA & TX New construction projects must earn minimum of 64 points - CO must earn 60 points – Claim at least 2 points in LEI and CL – 5 points in SS, WE and ME – 10 points in EE, and – 12 points in EQNew Buildings On Existing Campuses• Major modernizations and new buildings on existing campuses must earn at least 50 points in CA, TX, 48 points in CO and 45 Points in MA
  • 30. CHPSRecommendation #3:Address the Correct Audience• CHPS can serve as a clearinghouse of information• Address school owners and design professionals• Look for key organizational partners
  • 31. CHPSRecommendation #4:Education is Key• Educate on the benefits• Address cost as well as lifecycle analysis• Need to educate both providers and customers
  • 32. CHPSRecommendation #5:Make Responsibility for EachPrereq/Credit Clear to Customer• Some prereqs and credits require additional tasks by provider after siting• These are different from tasks that must be completed by school owner• CHPS should make this clear by making space on the scorecard for provider to show responsibility for completion
  • 33. CHPSRecommendation #6:Certify a Base Model and Allow forAdd-ons or Other Models• One of the main benefits of prefabricated buildings is customizability• CHPS should allow for add- ons
  • 34. CHPS Case Study: High Tech High Chula Vista • First CHPS® Verified School in CA • Public Charter School • Custom, Prefabricated Elements • EnergyStar Rating of 94 • Currently Conducting the Operations Report Card
  • 35. CHPSCase Study:High Tech High Chula Vista Channel: CHPSOnline http://youtu.be/42uUUZskw2M
  • 36. CHPS Case Study: Bolsa Knolls MS Salinas ,CA • Second CHPS® Verified School in CA • Public School • 60% Reduction in energy use • Zero additional cost to District for CHPS • Thermal Displacement Ventilation • Superior acoustical performance – 35dB(A)
  • 37. CHPSCase Study:Bolsa Knolls MSSalinas, CABolsa Knolls MS CHPS Scorecard• Sustainable Sites (SS), 2 Prerequisite, 1 point• Leadership, Education & Innovation (LEI), 1 Prerequisite, 2 points• Energy (EE), 2 Prerequisites, 6 points• Climate (CL), 1 Point• Materials & Waste Management (WE), 2 Prerequisites, 2 points• Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ), 4 Prerequisite, 22 pointsTotal (2009 CA-CHPS Verified/PreFab Hybrid): 34Points
  • 38. CHPS
  • 39. CHPSWhy Existing Schools?• More than 55 million children spend their days in 133,000 schools in the US• Students attending schools in poor condition score lower on standardized tests than students who attend schools in good condition• Nearly 6 out of 10 schools reported at least one major building element in disrepair• ASCE Infrastructure Report Card gave Schools a “D”
  • 40. CHPSWhy Existing Schools?• Most of the Schools of the Future are Already Built• Invest in High Performance Capital Improvements and Save Your General Fund Now and for the Life of the School• As soon as it’s built a new school becomes an existing school• That’s Where the Money is!
  • 41. CHPS Operations Report Card • A CHPS program for existing school buildings • Assess current conditions and recommend improvements • Recognize high-performance and high-improvement schools • Web-enabled toolkit designed for district-wide deployment • Engage a wide variety of school staff: – Maintenance staff – Teachers and admins – Students – Principals or superintendents
  • 42. CHPS “Show Me” Performance Courtesy of National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11756
  • 43. CHPSKey ElementsScored Categories• Energy Efficiency• Thermal Comfort• Visual Comfort• Indoor Air Quality• Acoustics
  • 44. CHPSImportance of Lighting Quality• Quality natural daylight and highperformance electric lighting hasbeen found to increase performanceand productivity and increasestudent test scores• Reducing reliance on electriclighting can reduce operating costsReferences:Daylighting in Schools, An investigation into the Relationship BetweenDaylighting and Human Performance. Heschong Mahone Group. August1999Greening America’s Schools, Costs and Benefits. Gregory Kats. October2006 www.cap-e.comGreen Schools: Attributes for Health and Learning. Committee to Reviewand Assess the Health and Productivity Benefits of Green Schools,National Research Council. 2006
  • 45. CHPSImportance of Good Acoustics• Speech communication is an critical part of the learning process• As many as 1/3 of kids in typical classrooms have extra sensitivity to poor acoustics due to ESL, HOH, LD, ADD, speech disabilities, and relatively frequent colds• Speech intelligibility research shows that HOH kids lag peers in educational achievement• Intrusive noise distracts students; high background noise can promote problematic student-to-student communication, negatively impacting “classroom management”
  • 46. CHPSImportanceNoise Level Acoustics Background of Good Fundamentals Speech 50 dBA (intelligible) 15 dB S/N Ratio Background Noise (35 dBA) S/N Ratio: Signal to Noise Ratio
  • 47. CHPSElements of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)
  • 48. CHPS How to Assess and Score• 100-point scale for each category• Energy Efficiency – ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager • Auto-tracking of utility bills in some areas • ENERGY STAR score will be the scorecard score• IAQ, Acoustics, Thermal Comfort, and Visual Comfort – Occupant surveys • Teachers and staff, no students – Building assessment • General information • Detailed sampling
  • 49. CHPS Evaluation Cycle General Building Info & Portfolio Manager Develop & Occupant Implement Action Surveys and Plan Classroom Measurements Generate Scores & Suggest Improvements
  • 50. CHPS General Building Information • Complete online worksheets
  • 51. CHPS Evaluation Cycle General Building Info & Portfolio Manager Develop & Occupant Implement Action Surveys and Plan Classroom Measurements Generate Scores & Suggest Improvements
  • 52. CHPS Occupant Surveys • Send surveys – Enter staff emails – Enter message text (CHPS provides samples) – ORC automatically sends emails, including reminders – Email Should come from senior school official • Staff complete surveys • Close survey and review results – Sample results document
  • 53. CHPS Classroom Measurements • Thermal Comfort: – Temperatures at various times of day – Equipment: air temp thermometer • IAQ – Temperature, RH, CO, CO2 – Equipment: infrared thermometer, hygrometer, CO and CO2 meters • Visual Comfort – Lighting levels – Equipment: light level meter • Acoustics – Background noise levels, reverb times, sound insulation – Equipment: sound level meter, acoustic analyzer
  • 54. CHPS Training • Detailed training available for each component – Occupant Surveys – Data Collection • Online, on-demand videos and instructions • Available at www.chps.net/dev/Drupal/node/547
  • 55. CHPS RecognitionSchools will be recognized for two classes of achievement:• Improvement over established • General high performance baseline – Minimum score in all – Designed to provide categories: 70 recognition for all types of – Schools near the top of the schools, old and new alike spectrum without much – Required improvement in at room for improvement least 3 categories – None can decrease• Recognition includes listing on the CHPS website and a printable certificate
  • 56. CHPS River Valley High School Overview: District: Yuba City USD – Central Valley, CA Grades served: 9-12 Number of Students: 1,647 Year built: 2005 District size: ~13,000 students at 16 campuses District maintenance budget: $1.4M
  • 57. CHPS River Valley Report Card
  • 58. CHPSRiver Valley Detail Visual comfort: Few occupant complaints, but measured levels were low in many rooms IAQ: Generally good, but elevated CO2 levels in some classrooms Most issues were minor, but existed in classrooms rather than admin spaces
  • 59. CHPS River Valley ResultsOverall good results ActionsIssues Re-commissioning HVAC Minor IAQ problems systems Low lighting levels Upgrading lighting fixtures and control systems Positive EMS results Checking airflow paths Some vents were screwed shut
  • 60. CHPS Alder Creek Middle School Overview: District: Tahoe-Truckee USD, CA Grades served: 6 – 8 Number of Students: 560 Year built: 2004 CA-CHPS Demonstration School District size: ~4,000 students at 11 schools
  • 61. CHPS Alder Creek Report Card
  • 62. CHPSAlder Creek Detail Thermal Comfort: Note low satisfaction in non-classroom spaces IAQ: Not enough fresh air in heating mode, resulting in high CO2 levels.
  • 63. CHPS Alder Creek ResultsGood performance, Suggested actions: except for IAQ Upgrade lighting systemsIssues: Verify schedules and set High CO2 levels points for HVAC system Low light in some classrooms Temperature problems in some parts of school
  • 64. CHPS Center for Early Education Overview: Private School: West Hollywood, CA Grades served: Pre K – 6 Number of Students: 536 Buildings: 3, built from 1967 – 2003
  • 65. CHPS CEE Report Card
  • 66. CHPSCEE Report CardDetail
  • 67. CHPS CEE Detail Visual Comfort: Great results! Acoustics: Good survey response Some minor issues identified through measurements Sound insulation between spaces
  • 68. CHPS CEE ResultsFirst school to qualify for Suggested improvements high performance • Consider adjusting cooling recognition! set points to address Score > 70 in all categories temperature concernsFew issues: • Add door seals or additional insulation to keep • Portable heaters used in classrooms quieter some admin spaces • Sound leaking between some spaces
  • 69. CHPS Cost to Participate • First two schools: $900/school • 3rd and 4th schools: $700/school • 5th and more: $500/school
  • 70. CHPS ORC To Do List 1. Sign up! 2. Enter basic school info 3. Upload list of teachers and staff 4. Send occupant surveys 5. Collect classroom data 6. Complete Portfolio Manager 7. Click “Finalize and Submit”
  • 71. CHPSNEW – There’s an App• Data collection and student engagement • iPhone or iPod Touch http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/orc- mobile/id465506974?mt=8 • Mobile Web • Teacher/Student GuideComing Soon• Waste Reduction & Water Conservation modules
  • 72. CHPS Exercise • Thermal Comfort: – Temperature – Equipment: air temp thermometer • IAQ – Temperature, RH, CO, CO2 – Equipment: infrared thermometer, hygrometer, CO and CO2 meters • Visual Comfort – Lighting levels – Equipment: light level meter • Acoustics – Background noise level – Equipment: sound level meter
  • 73. CHPS CEE Floor Plan
  • 74. CHPSClassroom SelectionA minimum of 25% ofclassrooms based uponHVAC type/zone perbuilding should beobserved and recorded• Acquire the floorplan• Indicate the HVAC type for each classroom• Determine the number of classrooms for testing• Select which classrooms will be tested• Complete the data collection sheets for each one
  • 75. CHPS CEE Floor Plan
  • 76. CHPSData Collection:Thermal Comfort
  • 77. CHPSData Collection:Background Noise
  • 78. CHPSData Collection:Lighting Levels
  • 79. CHPS QA Bill Orr Executive Director 415-957-9888 borr@chps.net & Edward Wansing, Associate AIA, LEED AP Technical Programs Coordinator – CHPS Verified Program 615-792-4682 ewansing@chps.net Learn more about CHPS and high performance schools at www.chps.net