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EarthSci - Reviewer

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Science LT #2 Reviewer.

Science LT #2 Reviewer.

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EarthSci - Reviewer EarthSci - Reviewer Presentation Transcript

  • Lithosphere and Atmospherereviewer for third quarter:EARTH SCIENCE
  • The observation that the continentsfit together like puzzle pieces, andmay once have been connected, ledAlfred Wegener to propose a theoryin 1910 calleda. continental plowingb. continental driftc. wandering continentsd. shape matching of continents
  • The essence of Wegeners idea wassound, based on some scientificobservations. Which of the followingsupported his theory?a.Matching fossil plant remains found ontwo different continentsb.Matching reptile remains found on twodifferent continentsc.nearly identical sedimentary rock typesof same age in widely separatedlocationsd.all of the above View slide
  • The development of submarine warfareduring World War II created a pressingneed to map the ocean floor. Thisactually led to research on the oceanfloor that would help explain themovement of the continents. What toolwas used to do this mapping?a. underwater camerasb. sonar surveysc. studies of living thingsd. rock sampling View slide
  • Scientists found that the continentswere moving apart from each other dueto magma rising out of mid-oceanridges, and they called thisa. sea floor spreadingb. sea floor risingc. changing sea floord. underwater volcanoes
  • Plate tectonics is our current theory ofhow the movement of continentalmasses relates to the movement ofocean basins. This movement explainsmany phenomena, such asa. earthquakesb. volcanoesc. weather patternsd. all of the above
  • Plate margins are places where muchactivity occurs. Earthquakes occur, forexample, along convergent margins,where plates area. moving apartb. sliding past each otherc. Collidingd. Not moving
  • Scientists found that the continentswere moving apart from each otherdue to magma rising out of mid-oceanridges, and they called thisa. sea floor spreadingb. sea floor risingc. changing sea floord. underwater volcanoes
  • Plate tectonics, or the movement ofpieces of Earths crust, is thought tobe caused bya.volcanoesb.earthquakesc.convection currents in Earthsmantled.hot spots
  • The man who pioneered thecontinental drift hypothesis wasa. Tuzo Wilsonb. Herman Hessc. Alfred Wegenerd. Andrija Mohorovicic
  • What is the name of thesupercontinent that existed near theend of Paleozoic?a. Laurentiab. Euro-Asiac. Ameri-Africad. Pangea
  • Three basic types of plate boundariesarea.divulgent, convergent, andtransform faultb.divergent, convergent, andtransform faultc.direct, indirect, and transformd.subductive, convergent, and flat
  • Plates move apart, leaving a gapat thea. convergent plate boundariesb. divergent plate boundariesc. transform plate boundariesd. all plate boundaries
  • Plates collide alonga. convergent plate boundariesb. divergent plate boundariesc. transform plate boundariesd. all plate boundaries
  • Volcanic island arcs (like AleutianIslands) are associated witha.divergent plate boundariesb.convergent (continental-continental)plate boundariesc.convergent (oceanic-continental) plateboundariesd.convergent (oceanic-oceanic) plateboundaries
  • In what layer of the Earthdoes plate tectonics occur?a. Asthenosphereb. Lithospherec. Mesosphered. Tectosphere
  • Which is the largest lithosphericplate?a. Africanb. Antarcticc. Eurasiand. Pacific
  • What does the term plate tectonicsmean?a.The large slabs of rock on Earth thatwe live on.b.A dinner plate that is high-tech.c.The theory that says our Earths crustis made of giant pieces of rock.d.The places where the mountain are.
  • What are tectonic plates?a.The major mountains on Earth.b.The giant slabs of rock thatmake up our Earths crust.c.A shiny, silver plate.d.Things that make mountains.
  • What do we call places whereplates meet?a. Plate-meeting placeb. Plate linec. Division chordd. Plate boundary
  • What do we call a place where twoplates are moving apart?a.Divergent Boundaryb.Separation Pointc.Division lined.Transformational-GeologicalBoundary
  • What will surely happen when twotectonic plates separate?a.Earthquakeb.A ridge formsc.The boundary becomes unstableand there is a breakout of volcanoesd.Two plates form
  • What type of plate boundary is theSan Andreas Fault?a. A convergence boundaryb. A divisional boundaryc. A transform boundaryd. A boundary of San Andreas
  • What happens when pressure isreleased at a transform boundary?a.An earthquake occursb.Mount St. Helens explodesc.A volcano is formedd.The plate receives too much pressureon the edge and eventually breaksapart
  • How do continents form?•Two plates separate and more earthis formed.•As a convergent boundary is created,and as the plate moves in onedirection, large mass of land is formedon the other end.•A volcano explodes and the magmaforms the base for a new continentalcrust.•A meteor hits earth and forms a newpiece of land.
  • What is a volcano?a.A big piece of rock that can vomit.b.A volcano is an opening or rupture inearths crust that lets hot, molten rock,ash and gases to escape from belowthe crust.c.A place in the Earths Crust that isopen.d.Is a mountain that is sick.
  • How are Volcanoes formed?a.When a tectonic plate gets angry.b.When two pieces of rock hit eachother.c.When tectonic plates move apart orcome together.d.When a piece of rock gets sick andneeds to vomit.
  • How are Shield Volcanoes formed?a.When a hill becomes a volcano.b.When Lava flows out of a centralvent and forms a dome like shape.c.When a volcano is used as a shieldby people.d.When one plate meets another at atransform boundary.
  • What do we call the central point inthe earthquake where the energy isbeing released?a. Hypocenterb. Focusc. Epicenterd. Quake Shake
  • Most magma forms in...a. continental crustb. the lithospherec. the asthenosphered. ocean crust
  • An opening in the earths surfacethrough which molten rock flows iscalled a ...a. Ventb. Calderac. Mantled. Fault
  • An opening on the earths surfacethrough which molten rock flows andthe material that builds up aroundthe opening together form a...a. subduction zoneb. trenchc. convergent boundaryd. volcano
  • The broad volcanic feature formed byquiet eruptions on thin lava flows iscalled a ...a. shield zoneb. cinder conec. riftd. strato-volcano
  • Which of the following formationswould most likely result from a singleviolent volcanic eruption?a. shield volcanob. ventc. cinder coned. caldera
  • Before a volcanic eruption, seismicactivity seems to...a.increase in frequency anddecrease in intensityb.decrease in both frequency andintensityc.decrease in frequency and increasein intensityd.increase in both frequency andintensity
  • How is magma different from lava?a. The two are the sameb. Magma is unerupted lavac. Lava can have gas in itd. Magma is a large amount of lava
  • The layers of the Earth have beendiscovered by:a.Studying the layers of otherplanetsb.Sending x-ray equipment intofault linesc.Studying seismic waves caused byearthquakesd.Studying drilled core samples
  • The Earths inner core is made upof ____________________.a.Nitrogenb.Anorthrositec.Lithium-iond.Nickel-iron alloy
  • The Earths lithosphere:a.Is made up of two types: oceanicand continentalb.Is generally made up of titaniumdioxidec.Contains tactile platesd.Is synonymous with ouratmosphere
  • The interior structure of the earthfrom the surface to the center is:a.inner core, outer core, mantle andcrustb.atmosphere, mantle, crustc.crust, mantle and core
  • The most common elementin the earths crust is:a.Aluminumb.Siliconc.Irond. Oxygen
  • The layer of the earth whichis plastic like putty is the:a. crustb. mantlec. cored. asthenosphere
  • The core of the earth is:a.partly molten rock and partlysolid rockb.made of iron and other meltedmetalsc.plastic like puttyd.Made of molten materials
  • What occurs where crustal platesdiverge or move apart?a. Erosionb. Earthquakesc. Volcanoesd. Convection current
  • Convergent crustal plateboundaries are sites of:a. Erosionb. Earthquakesc. Volcanic activityd. Mountain formation
  • The Theory of Continental Driftstates that:a.continents were once joinedtogether and have since moved apartb.one original super-continent sankand rose in different locationsforming valleys and mountains as wenow know themc.the continents of the world driftlike boats in any direction on themolten rock beneath the surface
  • The original super-continent thatmay have existed 200 million yearsago has been named:a. Pangaeab. Gondwanac. Antarcticad. Rodinia
  • The instrument used to measureearthquakes is the:a.Richter Scaleb.Beaufort Scalec.Seismographd.Seismogram
  • The earthquake waves that cause thegreatest damage to buildings are the:a. Tidal wavesb. P or primary wavesc. S or secondary wavesd. Surface waves
  • Rocks are broken up into three majorgroups:a.magma, metamorphic, and mineralsb.igneous, metamorphic, andsedimentaryc.sedimentary, sand, and igneousd.sand, mud, and silt
  • Rocks that come out of volcanoesform the greater part of the Earthscrust. These rocks are:a.igneous rocksb.Basaltc.metamorphic rocksd.granite
  • Chalk and limestone are made up ofthe remains of animals. They are:a. both very hardb. pebblesc. sedimentary rocksd. conglomerate
  • From deep within the earth moltenmagma bubbles up, heating rocksthat surround it. This process turnsigneous and sedimentary rocks into:a. gneissb. slatec. marbled. metamorphic rocks
  • This is the name of the solidrock beneath the soil:a. extrusive rockb. limestonec. bedrockd. granite
  • Coal is a sedimentary rock made upof organic matter that has becomesolid. Unlike limestone, coal is madeup of:a. plant fossilsb. shellsc. insectsd. dinosaurs
  • You can group igneous rocks by thesizes of grains in them. Rocks made ofmagma are ____ and those from lavaare ____.a. intrusive; extrusiveb. crystals; mineralsc. volcanic; metamorphicd. intrusive; only made of silica
  • Which of these is not the nameof a type of rock?A. GraniteB. ChalkC. TalcD. Slate
  • Marble is a rock that has beenchanged from another. What do wecall these type of rocks?A. MetamorphicB. IgneousC. IgnorantD. Morpeth
  • A rock that has been ‘layered’ iscalled:A. SedimentaryB. IgneousC. MetamorphicD. Ingenious
  • Rocks are changed to metamorphicrocks by:A. Sun and seaB. Heat and pressureC. Rivers and cliffsD. Volcanoes
  • What type of rock is likely toform when this magma cools?A. MetamorphicB. SedimentaryC. IgneousD. Clastic
  • Which of these would not causeweathering?A. RainB. SunC. CloudD. Frost
  • Transport of sediment usuallyoccurs:A. by people carrying itB. by rivers carrying itC. in volcanoesD. by wind dispersal
  • What type of rock is this?A. IgneousB. SedimentaryC. MetamorphicD. Fossil
  • We are likely to find fossils in whichtype of rock?A. SedimentaryB. MagmaC. IgneousD. Lava
  • Limestone (calcium carbonate)reacts with hydrochloric acid toform:A. OxygenB. NitrogenC. Carbon dioxideD. Methane
  • Basalt has very small crystals. Howwould you expect it to haveformed?A. From sandstoneB. UndergroundC. By depositionD. From cooling lava
  • Slate was used a lot for tiling theroofs of houses. What type of rockis it?A. IgneousB. SedimentaryC. OrganicD. Metamorphic
  • A rock that cools quickly is likelyto have:A. Large crystalsB. No crystalsC. Invisible crystalsD. Small crystals