PAST SIMPLE PRETÉRITOEL “PAST SIMPLE” inglés IMPERFECTOequivale a PRETÉRITO PERFECTO SIMPLE Yo jugaba al baloncesto I played basketball Yo jugué al baloncesto
PAST SIMPLE OF “TO BE” (ser,estar)AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIV EI was = fui, era, estuve, I wasn’testaba was I? You weren’tYou were were you? He, She, ItHe, She, It was wasn’t was he/she/it?We were We weren’t Were we?You were You weren’t Were you?They were They weren’t Were they? I was in Madrid yesterday She wasn’t at home this morning Were they in London last week?
THERE WAS, THERE WERE HABÍA, HUBO HABÍA, HUBO THERE WAS THERE WERE Con nombres en SINGULAR Con nombres en PLURALThere was an accident last There were five books on theweek table
Complete the sentences with WAS, WERE, WASN’T, WEREN’T1. _________ you at the party? Were2. There______ some cofee but there _________ any was wasn’ milk t Weren’t3. _There_________ any students in the classroom was4. Picasso __________ a famous artist5. Anna and I ____________ in Barcelona last year. were
TIME EXPRESSIONS FOR THE PAST TENSE LAST AGO YESTERDAY (=pasada) (=hace) (=ayer) last night 10 minutes ago yesterday last week an hour ago Yesterday morning last weekend 3 days ago Yesterday afternoon last month a week ago Yesterday evening last year a month ago The day before yesterday last Monday… a year ago… Yesterday night Ex. I played basket yesterday afternoon
SE USA:Para hablar de acciones y situacionespasadas: I played tennis yesterday I went to the cinema last weekend She visited Paris last summer
REGULAR VERBS- Para formar el pasado de los verbos regulares se añade alinfinitivo: - ed Watch - watched PERO:- Si el verbo termina en –e - d Like - liked- Si el verbo es monosílabo y termina Doble consonante + eden vocal+consonante Stop - stopped- Si el verbo termina en consonante + y iedy Study - studied- Si el verbo termina en vocal + y - ed Play - played
PRONUNCIATION of –ed: There are three ways to pronounce the –ed ending:After the sounds: /p/, /k/, /s/, /ch/, /sh/, /f/, /x/ Help-ed Work-ed Dance-d /t/ Watch-ed Finish-ed Laugh-ed Mix-ed
After vowel and the sounds: /b/, /g/, /l/, /v/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /z/ close-d live-d describe-d slamm-ed /d/ belong-ed clean-ed call-ed appear-edAfter the sounds: /t/, /d/ /id/ Start-ed End-ed
IRREGULAR VERBSLos verbos irregulares os los tenéis que aprender dememoria, porque no siguen ninguna regla. (2ªcolumna de la lista de verbos irregulares) INFINITIVE PAST To bring brought To buy bought To understand understood To drink drank To eat ate To break broke To go went
FORMA: Affirmative Negative S + Verb in the Past S + didn’t + bare infinitive I played I didn’t play He, She, It played He, She, It didn’t play Wh- Questions (and answers) Yes/No Questions and short answers)Wh- word + did + S + bare infinitive Did + S + bare infinitive Where did you go? I went to Madrid Did you study? Yes, I did. Where did she go? She went to Paris Did she study? No, She didn’t.
ASK YOUR PARTNER:1. Where did you go on holidays last summer?2. What did you do yesterday afternoon?3. Who did you see last weekend?4. Did you meet your friends yesterday?5. Did you read a magazine the day before yesterday?