PAST SIMPLE EL “PAST SIMPLE” inglés equivale a PRETÉRITO IMPERFECTO PRETÉRITO PERFECTO SIMPLE I played basketball Yo jugaba al baloncesto Yo jugué al baloncesto
PAST SIMPLE OF “TO BE” (ser,estar) AFFIRMATIVE I was = fui, era, estuve, estaba You were He, She, It was We were You were They were NEGATIVE I wasn’t You weren’t He, She, It wasn’t We weren’t You weren’t They weren’t INTERROGATIVE was I? were you? was he/she/it? Were we? Were you? Were they? I was in Madrid yesterday She wasn’t at home this morning Were they in London last week?
THERE WAS, THERE WERE THERE WAS THERE WERE Con nombres en SINGULAR HABÍA, HUBO HABÍA, HUBO Con nombres en PLURAL There was an accident last week There were five books on the table
Complete the sentences with WAS, WERE, WASN’T, WEREN’T <ul><li>_________ you at the party? </li></ul><ul><li>There______ some cofee but there _________ any milk </li></ul><ul><li>_There_________ any students in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Picasso __________ a famous artist </li></ul><ul><li>Anna and I ____________ in Barcelona last year. </li></ul>Were was wasn’t Weren’t was were
TIME EXPRESSIONS FOR THE PAST TENSE: Ex. I played basket yesterday afternoon LAST (=pasada) AGO (=hace ) YESTERDAY (=ayer) last night 10 minutes ago yesterday last week an hour ago Yesterday morning last weekend 3 days ago Yesterday afternoon last month a week ago Yesterday evening last year a month ago The day before yesterday l ast Monday… a year ago… Yesterday night
SE USA: <ul><li>Para hablar de acciones y situaciones </li></ul><ul><li>pasadas : </li></ul>I played tennis yesterday I went to the cinema last weekend She visited Paris last summer
REGULAR VERBS - ed - Para formar el pasado de los verbos regulares se añade al infinitivo : - Si el verbo termina en –e PERO: - d - Si el verbo es monosílabo y termina en vocal+consonante Doble consonante + ed - Si el verbo termina en consonante + y y ied - Si el verbo termina en vocal + y - ed Watch - watch ed Lik e - like d St op - stop ped Stu dy - stud ied Pl ay - play ed
PRONUNCIATION of –ed: There are three ways to pronounce the –ed ending: After the sounds: / p/, /k/, /s/, /ch/, /sh/, /f/, /x/ Help-ed Work-ed Dance-d Watch-ed Finish-ed Laugh-ed Mix-ed /t/
After vowel and the sounds: /b/, /g/, /l/, /v/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /z/ close-d live-d describe-d slamm-ed belong-ed clean-ed call-ed appear-ed After the sounds: /t/, /d/ Start-ed End-ed /d/ /id/
IRREGULAR VERBS Los verbos irregulares os los tenéis que aprender de memoria , porque no siguen ninguna regla. ( 2ª columna de la lista de verbos irregulares ) INFINITIVE PAST To bring brought To buy bought To understand understood To drink drank To eat ate To break broke To go went
FORMA: Affirmative S + Verb in the Past I played He, She, It played Negative S + didn’t + bare infinitive I didn’t play He, She, It didn’t play Wh- Questions (and answers) Yes/No Questions and short answers) Wh- word + did + S + bare infinitive Did + S + bare infinitive Where did you go ? I went to Madrid Where did she go ? She went to Paris Did you study ? Yes, I did. Did she study ? No, She didn’t.
ASK YOUR PARTNER: 1. Where did you go on holidays last summer? 2. What did you do yesterday afternoon? 3. Who did you see last weekend ? 4. Did you meet your friends yesterday? 5. Did you read a magazine the day before yesterday ?