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maslow need hierarchy theory

maslow need hierarchy theory

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  • 1. Maslow’s Theory
    • “We each have a hierarchy of 5 needs that ranges from "lower" to "higher." As lower needs are fulfilled there is a tendency for other, higher needs to emerge.”
  • 2. Maslow’s Theory
    • Maslow’s theory maintains that a person does not feel a higher need until the needs of the current level have been satisfied. Maslow's basic needs are as follows:
  • 3.  
  • 4. Summary Esteem Self-Actualization Safety Belonging Physiological
  • 5. Physiological Needs
    • Food
    • Air
    • Water
    • Clothing
    • Sex
    Basic Human Needs
  • 6. Safety Needs
    • Protection
    • Stability
    • Pain Avoidance
    • Routine/Order
    Safety and Security
  • 7. Social Needs
    • Affection
    • Acceptance
    • Inclusion
    Love and Belonging
  • 8. Esteem Needs
    • Self-Respect
    • Self-Esteem
    • Respected by Others
  • 9. Self-Actualization
    • Achieve full potential
    • Fulfillment
  • 10. Implementing in the Organization Room temperature Pacing/Breaks Physiological Maintain a safe and non-threatening atmosphere Create a comfortable environment Safety Introductions Interact with students Inclusive activities Social Feedback Acknowledge success Esteem Provide challenges Encourage autonomy Self-Actualization
  • 11. Assumptions
    • Behaviour of people depends upon their needs. Human behaviour can be changed or motivated by fulfilling their needs
    • Satisfied needs are not motivators, only unsatisfied needs influences behaviour
    • Needs follow the hierarchy
    • There is always a sequence of emergency of needs. Higher level needs do not emerge or motivate unless all lower level needs have been fairly satisfied
  • 12. Advantages
    • It is a logical theory because it recognises that an individual does something to fulfill his diverse needs
    • It clearly states that satisfied needs are not motivators. Therefore managers can easily concentrate on unsatisfied needs of their subordinates
    • It offers useful ideas for understanding human needs and ways for satisfying them
  • 13. Disadvantages
    • Maslow’s theory may not be accurate in real life
    • Maslow’s theory is based on a small sample of subjects
    • Need hierarchy may not be the same along all the employees
    • There is no evidence that satisfied need is not a motivator