CGIAR	
  is	
  a	
  	
  global	
  	
  research	
  partnership	
  for	
  a	
  food	
  secure	
  future	
  

Livestock
and ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish, Value for Money

509 views

Published on

Part of the collection of posters developed for CGIAR Knowledge Day, Nairobi, 5 November 2013

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
509
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish, Value for Money

  1. 1.  CGIAR  is  a    global    research  partnership  for  a  food  secure  future   Livestock and fish value for money proposition ‘More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor’ Theory  of  change   Focus   Meat,  milk  and  fish  are  cri@cal  to  poor  people  as  food  and  income.  They  provide  cri@cal   inputs  in  the  people’s  diets,  especially  those  who  are  malnourished.  The  challenge  is  to   ensure  the  poor  can  have  be4er  access  to  enough  and  affordable  animal-­‐source  foods  as   popula@ons  increase,  resources  for  producing  them  become  more  constrained  and   demand  for  these  foods  rises.     Part  of  the  solu@on  will  come  from  increased  produc@vity  in  the  small-­‐scale  produc@on   and  marke@ng  systems  that  many  poor  rely  on  for  their  animal-­‐source  foods.  We  iden@fy   opportuni@es  to  improve  and  transform  these  systems  to  be4er  meet  the  needs  of  the   poor.     Key  elements  of  our  approach  are:     •  A  whole  value  chain  approach  including  producers,  input  providers,  traders,   processors,  consumers   •  A  focus  on  a  few  selected  livestock  and  fish  value  chains  with  poten@al  for  pro-­‐poor   transforma@on  to  demonstrate  impact   •  Working  with  development  partners  to  use  research  to  design  integrated   interven@ons  and  generate  evidence  of  their  benefits  for  taking  to  scale   •  Basic  and  adap@ve  research  on  feeds,  gene@cs,  animal  and  public  health,  gender,  and   targe@ng  priori@zed  by  the  needs  of  the  target  value  chain   We  work  in  a  few  value  chains:   smallholder  dairy  systems  (Tanzania,   India,  Nicaragua),  sheep  and  goat   systems  (West  Africa,  Ethiopia),   smallholder  pig  systems  (Uganda,   Vietnam)  and  aquaculture  systems   (Egypt,  Bangladesh).       Our  research  focuses  on  the  constraints   met  in  these  value  chains.     Research  proposi0on   •  Our  whole  value  chain  approach  is  intended  to  help  us  be4er  understand  technology   development  opportuni@es  and  how  to  encourage  uptake  and  sustainability   •  We  see  animal  product  value  chains  as  a  way  to  encourage  intensifica@on  and   professionaliza@on  at  farm  and  market  levels   •  Our  integrated  food  systems  approach  allows  be4er  understanding  of  the  role  of   animal-­‐source  foods  as  a  broad  food-­‐based  interven@on  to  improve  diet  diversity   •  Our  systems  approach  allows  us  to  assess  impacts  of  livestock/aquaculture  value   chain  development  on  the  environment  and  locate  entry  points  to  mi@gate  nega@ve   impacts   •  Our  gender  strategy  focuses  on  how  poor  women,  men  and  marginalized  groups  can   have  improved  and  more  equitable  access  to  affordable  animal  source  foods  through   gender  equitable  interven@ons   Gender   Gender  Strategy  approved  in  June  2013;  Tools  developed  to  increase  women’s  access  to   and  control  of  inputs  in  value  chains;  Training  workshops  with  partners  in  four  value   chain  countries;  Gender  scien@sts  hired  for  two  value  chain  countries;  Publica@ons  and   manuals  on  gender  transforma@ve  approaches       Results   •  Fish  gene@c  improvement,  dairy  hub  development  and  livestock  vaccines   significantly  increase  produc@vity  and  produc@on   •  Breakthroughs  in  breeding  for  super-­‐greenhouse  gas-­‐suppressing  forages   •  Mixed  evidence  of  improved  dairy  incomes  in  East  Africa;  role  of  pig  produc@on  for   the  poor,  especially  women,  in  Uganda,  and  similarly  for  small  ruminants  in  Ethiopia   •  Qualita@ve  evidence  of  posi@ve  benefits  of  dairying  in  East  Africa;  be4er   understanding  and  strategies  to  improve  food  safety  in  informal  markets   •  Aquaculture  needs  to  focus  not  only  on  improved  strains,  but  also  on  pond   management,  including  feeds  and  on  nutrient  content  of  farmed  fish   Lessons   •  Uptake  of  individual  technologies  to  improve  produc@vity  is  difficult  in  pre-­‐ commercial  systems  (hence  we  also  work  with  small  and  medium  sized  producers)   •  Is  impact  best  achieved  by  targe@ng  poor  producers  and  farmers  exclusively  or  by   also  targe@ng  successful  entrepreneurial  farmers  who  can  hire  others  and  realize   income  opportuni@es  along  the  whole  value  chain?   •  Evidence  needed  to  show  whether  animal-­‐source  foods  produced  by  smallholders   can  be  made  more  assessable/affordable  to  the  poor  and  improve  diets   •  Addressing  the  lack  of  basic  data  to  inform  research  investment  and  policy  must  be   part  of  the  agenda   Opportuni0es   •  Growing  poten@al  for  vaccine  development  as  well  as  gene@c  tools  and  methods   for  smarter  breeding  to  achieve  breakthroughs   •  Evalua@on  of  organiza@onal  strategies  for  farmers/markets  (e.g.  hubs)  to   understand  principles  that  s@mulate  pro-­‐poor  value  chain  development   •  Be4er  understand  and  target  animal-­‐source  food  systems  as  nutri@on  and  health   interven@ons  for  the  poor  and  vulnerable,  notably  women  and  children   •  Develop  environmental  impact  assessment  methods  for  value  chains  as  well  as   decision  support  tools  to  assess  and  design  for  environmental  trade-­‐offs    Partners   Key  contacts   Tom  Randolph:  t.randolph@cgiar.org   h4p://livestockfish.cgiar.org   Partnership  is  a  key  element  of  the  program’s  theory  of  change  –   essen@al  to  achieve  impact  at  scale  in  the  target  value  chains.       The  program  is  led  by  the  Interna@onal  Livestock  Research  Ins@tute   (ILRI).  CGIAR  partners  are  WorldFish  with  a  mandate  on  aquaculture;   the  Interna@onal  Center  for  Tropical  Agriculture  (CIAT),  which  works  on   forages;  and  the  Interna@onal  Center  for  Research  in  the  Dry  Areas   (ICARDA),  which  works  on  small  ruminants.     This  document  is  licensed  for  use  under  a  Crea@ve  Commons  A4ribu@on  –  Non  commercial  –  Share  Alike  3.0  Unported  License,  October  2013  

×