Humidtropics – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013

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Humidtropics – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013

  1. 1. New opportunities for improvedlivelihoods in a sustainableenvironmentHumidtropics
  2. 2. 3 billion hectares of land2.9 billion peopleHigh proportion of poor smallholder farmersThe humid tropics
  3. 3. High potential
  4. 4. High risk
  5. 5. ecological / human potentialGAPproductivity / livelihood standards
  6. 6. ecological / human potentialproductivity / livelihood standards
  7. 7. Unlocking the potential- Humidtropics as keyIntegrated systems approach…PeoplePartnershipsProduction systemsInnovationPoliciesMarketsCrops & livestockLivelihoodsFood systemInstitutions…
  8. 8. West AfricahumidlowlandsEast andCentralAfrica humidhighlandsCentralMekongCentralAmerica andCaribbeanCross-cuttingThemesProvide opportunities for improved livelihoods in a sustainableenvironment for smallholders in the humid tropicsTier1SustainableIntensificationSystemsInnovationWomen & YouthEmpowermentLivelihoodsImprovementProductivityNutrition Environment Gender InnovationIncomeFlagshipProjectsIDOsSOsTier2West AfricaMoistSavannaSouthernAfrica MoistSavannaNorthernAndesTransectIndonesianHumidLowlandsProgrammatic Framework
  9. 9. West AfricahumidlowlandsEast andCentralAfrica humidhighlandsCentralMekongCentralAmerica andCaribbeanCross-cuttingThemesProvide opportunities for improved livelihoods in a sustainableenvironment for smallholders in the humid tropicsTier1SustainableIntensificationSystemsInnovationWomen & YouthEmpowermentLivelihoodsImprovementProductivityNutrition Environment Gender InnovationIncomeFlagshipProjectsIDOsSOsTier2West AfricaMoistSavannaSouthernAfrica MoistSavannaNorthernAndesTransectIndonesianHumidLowlandsProgrammatic Framework
  10. 10. West AfricahumidlowlandsEast andCentralAfrica humidhighlandsCentralMekongCentralAmerica andCaribbeanCross-cuttingThemesProvide opportunities for improved livelihoods in a sustainableenvironment for smallholders in the humid tropicsTier1SustainableIntensificationSystemsInnovationWomen & YouthEmpowermentLivelihoodsImprovementProductivityNutrition Environment Gender InnovationIncomeFlagshipProjectsIDOsSOsTier2West AfricaMoistSavannaSouthernAfrica MoistSavannaNorthernAndesTransectIndonesianHumidLowlandsProgrammatic FrameworkBy 2025 (12-year target), total farm income has increased 44%17% of households (12-year target), total farm income has increased 44%17% of households achieving income above the poverty line for at least 5.7 millionhouseholds400,000 households reaching these goals by 2016 (3-year target) ,1.3 million households by 2019 (6-year target).poverty line for at least 5.7 million households400,000 households reaching these goals by 2016 (3-year target) ,1.3 million households by 2019 (6-year target).IDO: Income  SLO 1, 2, 3Number of poor households lifted above the poverty line3 years – 400 0006 years – 1.3 million9 years – 3 million
  11. 11. West AfricahumidlowlandsEast andCentralAfrica humidhighlandsCentralMekongCentralAmerica andCaribbeanCross-cuttingThemesProvide opportunities for improved livelihoods in a sustainableenvironment for smallholders in the humid tropicsTier1SustainableIntensificationSystemsInnovationWomen & YouthEmpowermentLivelihoodsImprovementProductivityNutrition Environment Gender InnovationIncomeFlagshipProjectsIDOsSOsTier2West AfricaMoistSavannaSouthernAfrica MoistSavannaNorthernAndesTransectIndonesianHumidLowlandsProgrammatic FrameworkBy 2025 (12-year target), total farm income has increased 44%17% of households (12-year target), total farm income has increased 44%17% of households achieving income above the poverty line for at least 5.7 millionhouseholds400,000 households reaching these goals by 2016 (3-year target) ,1.3 million households by 2019 (6-year target).poverty line for at least 5.7 million households400,000 households reaching these goals by 2016 (3-year target) ,1.3 million households by 2019 (6-year target).IDO: Nutrition  SLO 2, 3Number of household with increased dietary diversity3 years – 22 0006 years – 220 0009 years – 2 million
  12. 12. West AfricahumidlowlandsEast andCentralAfrica humidhighlandsCentralMekongCentralAmerica andCaribbeanCross-cuttingThemesProvide opportunities for improved livelihoods in a sustainableenvironment for smallholders in the humid tropicsTier1SustainableIntensificationSystemsInnovationWomen & YouthEmpowermentLivelihoodsImprovementProductivityNutrition Environment Gender InnovationIncomeFlagshipProjectsIDOsSOsTier2West AfricaMoistSavannaSouthernAfrica MoistSavannaNorthernAndesTransectIndonesianHumidLowlandsProgrammatic FrameworkBy 2025 (12-year target), total farm income has increased 44%17% of households (12-year target), total farm income has increased 44%17% of households achieving income above the poverty line for at least 5.7 millionhouseholds400,000 households reaching these goals by 2016 (3-year target) ,1.3 million households by 2019 (6-year target).poverty line for at least 5.7 million households400,000 households reaching these goals by 2016 (3-year target) ,1.3 million households by 2019 (6-year target).IDO: Productivity  SLO 1, 260% increased total farm productivity in integrated systems (numberof households)3 years – 400 0006 years – 1.3 million9 years – 3 million
  13. 13. West AfricahumidlowlandsEast andCentralAfrica humidhighlandsCentralMekongCentralAmerica andCaribbeanCross-cuttingThemesProvide opportunities for improved livelihoods in a sustainableenvironment for smallholders in the humid tropicsTier1SustainableIntensificationSystemsInnovationWomen & YouthEmpowermentLivelihoodsImprovementProductivityNutrition Environment Gender InnovationIncomeFlagshipProjectsIDOsSOsTier2West AfricaMoistSavannaSouthernAfrica MoistSavannaNorthernAndesTransectIndonesianHumidLowlandsProgrammatic FrameworkBy 2025 (12-year target), total farm income has increased 44%17% of households (12-year target), total farm income has increased 44%17% of households achieving income above the poverty line for at least 5.7 millionhouseholds400,000 households reaching these goals by 2016 (3-year target) ,1.3 million households by 2019 (6-year target).poverty line for at least 5.7 million households400,000 households reaching these goals by 2016 (3-year target) ,1.3 million households by 2019 (6-year target).IDO: Environment  SLO 4Acreage (ha) restored to sustainable management3 years – 200 0006 years – 900 0009 years – 3.5 million
  14. 14. West AfricahumidlowlandsEast andCentralAfrica humidhighlandsCentralMekongCentralAmerica andCaribbeanCross-cuttingThemesProvide opportunities for improved livelihoods in a sustainableenvironment for smallholders in the humid tropicsTier1SustainableIntensificationSystemsInnovationWomen & YouthEmpowermentLivelihoodsImprovementProductivityNutrition Environment Gender InnovationIncomeFlagshipProjectsIDOsSOsTier2West AfricaMoistSavannaSouthernAfrica MoistSavannaNorthernAndesTransectIndonesianHumidLowlandsProgrammatic FrameworkBy 2025 (12-year target), total farm income has increased 44%17% of households (12-year target), total farm income has increased 44%17% of households achieving income above the poverty line for at least 5.7 millionhouseholds400,000 households reaching these goals by 2016 (3-year target) ,1.3 million households by 2019 (6-year target).poverty line for at least 5.7 million households400,000 households reaching these goals by 2016 (3-year target) ,1.3 million households by 2019 (6-year target).IDO: Gender equity  SLO 1, 2, 3, 4 (9 years)Number of women and youth in target households that perceive they havebetter control over assets, input and benefits3 years – 140 0006 years – 450 0009 years – 1 million
  15. 15. West AfricahumidlowlandsEast andCentralAfrica humidhighlandsCentralMekongCentralAmerica andCaribbeanCross-cuttingThemesProvide opportunities for improved livelihoods in a sustainableenvironment for smallholders in the humid tropicsTier1SustainableIntensificationSystemsInnovationWomen & YouthEmpowermentLivelihoodsImprovementProductivityNutrition Environment Gender InnovationIncomeFlagshipProjectsIDOsSOsTier2West AfricaMoistSavannaSouthernAfrica MoistSavannaNorthernAndesTransectIndonesianHumidLowlandsProgrammatic FrameworkBy 2025 (12-year target), total farm income has increased 44%17% of households (12-year target), total farm income has increased 44%17% of households achieving income above the poverty line for at least 5.7 millionhouseholds400,000 households reaching these goals by 2016 (3-year target) ,1.3 million households by 2019 (6-year target).poverty line for at least 5.7 million households400,000 households reaching these goals by 2016 (3-year target) ,1.3 million households by 2019 (6-year target).IDO: Systems innovation  SLO 1, 2, 3, 4 (9 years)• Multiple socio-technical experiments ongoing in X number of platforms• Coalitions for change growingand extending into other spheres of action• Shifting discourses in policy networks• Constraining conditions for technology uptake lifted• New methods, processes and strategies tested, developed andinstitutionalized in innovation systems• Innovation networks and activities continuing autonomously
  16. 16. Systems Innovations
  17. 17. System innovation trajectories
  18. 18. Impact PathwayIDOs “Productivity” and “Environment”scaling
  19. 19. Mainstreaming Gender in R4DGenderSensitiveInterventionsFemaleFarmersActivitiesGenderDisaggregatedDataGender inSocietyManagement, Leadership andParticipation EquityWeak current status of gender equityGender Equity Strategy DevelopmentGender Awareness ActionImproved status of gender equityBetter control over inputs (time, money, land) and benefitsResearch Implementation IssuesGender Impact Pathway
  20. 20. 2: 20171: 20123: 2020Action AreasAction Areas• Representative and capture diversity• Urgent need for large-scale impacts• Advance earlier investments/projects• CIALCA, SSA-CP, Africa Rising, STCP…• Build on existing and potential partnerships
  21. 21. Central America and Caribbean West African humid lowlandsCentral Mekong East and Central African humid highlandsFlagship Projects
  22. 22. A Flagship Project ExampleEast and Central African Highlands• 78 million people, mainly smallholderfarmers• 29 million hectares• Population average 263 persons/km2• Potential in terms of water, soils, andhuman resources• High poverty levels: 36% earning lessthan US $1.25 / day• Food insecurity• High levels of child malnutrition
  23. 23. Agricultural componentsEast-DR CongoRwandaNatural resource statusFood security and cash cropsBanana Beans Cassava Maize CoffeeLivestockDiversity – crops, livestock, NRM status, etc
  24. 24. Market functionsSocio-technical regimePolicy environmentProv. Min. of Agric.,Sud-Kivu, DR CongoWebsite of MoA RwandaCoffee-banana systemService deliveryDR Congo KenyaDiversity – services, policy, markets, etc
  25. 25. Entry points for system improvementAction Area meeting, Bukavu, May 2013
  26. 26. Entry points for system improvementBukavu Action Site- Integrated management ofsoil and water- Diversification of crops forimproved nutrition- Multi-purpose agroforestry- Crop-livestock integrationAction Area meeting, Bukavu, May 2013Kenya Action Site- Striga elimination- Cassava intensification anddiversification- Legume integration- Animal enterprises
  27. 27. Is it possible for each farmer to produce sufficient fodder to keep cattle?‘One family – one cow’ policy in Rwanda Situation: Farmers have variable access to resources
  28. 28. 1. Currently, impossible for the poorest farmers to keep cattle2. After changes some may be able to keep local cattle3. Changing from B. taurus to B. indicus would increase program viability4. A more viable option could be the distribution of goatsLactating improvedImproved breedLocal breedFeedDM(kgperfarmperday)ResourceGroup 1ResourceGroup 2ResourceGroup 3Scenario 1Scenario 2
  29. 29. Entry point: Niches for multi-purpose legumesCalliandra hedgerowsBanana – bush beanintercroppingBanana – climbingbeanintercroppingInnovative maize-soybeanintercroppingCalliandra hedgerows for fodderand erosion controlInnovative cassava-beanintercropping
  30. 30. Policy influence: From mono-cropped coffeeto banana-coffee intercropping
  31. 31. DR CongoKenyaUgandaRwandaBurundiSSA-CPExisting partnerships
  32. 32. Partners: Farmer organizations, NARS, CGIAR, private sector,agro-dealers, etcModel: Development platforms on specific themesThemes: Soybean value chains, striga elimination, maizemarketingPartners: Farmer organizations, local NGOs, NARS, CGIAR,policy, private sector, etcModel: Innovation platforms on priority value chainsThemes: Various value chains (banana, beans, milk, potato..)Partners: Farmer organizations, local and international NGOs,NARS, CGIAR, policy, private sector, donors, etcModel: R4D platforms on specific themesThemes: Banana/legume systems, sustainable intensification,market access, nutritionSSA-CPExisting partnerships
  33. 33. Program expansion through Humidtropics1. Integration of system components beyond initial target crops2. Greater emphasis on natural resource integrity3. Modification of socio-technical conditions for further scaling(e.g., land tenure issues, women empowerment)4. Enhanced capacity to further innovate5. Integration of sectors interacting with agriculture (e.g.,micro-finance sector)
  34. 34. Flagship 5 –Strategic Cross-cutting ThemeKey cross-cutting R4Dcomponents• Innovation systems research• Methods and tools development• Capacity development• Gender and youth research anddevelopment• Communication andpartnerships• Global synthesis and analysis
  35. 35. Collaboration with other CRPs
  36. 36. Collaborations and partnerships– CGIAR Centers– IITA, ICRAF, ILRI, CIAT, Bioversity, CIP, IWMI– Non-CGIAR partners– AVRDC, Wageningen University, icipe, FARA– Advanced Research Institutes– Cirad, CSIRO, SLU– National research institutions– Development organizations– Farmer organizationsFunding from W1&2:65% to CGIAR partners, 35% to non-CGIAR partners
  37. 37. Regional CollaborationWest Africa Humid LowlandsName of Organization Nature of Collaboration1. West African Council for AgriculturalResearch and Development(CORAF / WECARD)• CAADP entry point - WAHL• Partnership in out scaling andlinks to countries• Policy for impact linkage2. Forum for Agricultural Research inAfrica (FARA)• Lead in SSA-CP• Mainstreaming of SSA-CP intoHumidtropics• Links with NARS at continentallevel; policy and out-scaling• CAADP and NEPAD links3 West African Farmers Federation(ROPPA)• Farmer perspectives• Farmer group interactionsmanagement4 Food and Agriculture Organizationof UN – Regional Office• Partnership mainly on foodsecurity, seed production, naturalresources management andpolicy
  38. 38. Regional CollaborationEast and Central Africa HighlandsName of Organization Nature of Collaboration1. Association forStrengtheningAgricultural Research inEast and Central Africa(ASARECA)• CAADP Pillar 4 entry point - ECAH• Partnership in out scaling and links tocountries• Policy for impact linkage2. Forum for AgriculturalResearch in Africa(FARA)• Lead in SSA-CP• Mainstreaming of SSA-CP into Humidtropics• Links with NARS at continental level; policyand out-scaling• CAADP and NEPAD links3 East African FarmersFederation (EAFF)• Farmer perspectives• Farmer group interactions management
  39. 39. Regional CollaborationCentral America and CaribbeanName of Organization Nature of Collaboration1. IICA (InstitutoInteramericana deCooperación para laAgricultura.• Coordination institution for agriculturaldevelopment and research, with strong linksto CAC - Central American Council ofMinisters of Agriculture – coordination• Policy interactions and links to politicalprocesses• Fund raising opportunities2. CATIE / CIRAD • Research collaboration (especially insituation analysis, exchanging informationand joining resources)• Developing joint project proposals• Capacity building partnerships3 Food and AgricultureOrganization of UN –Regional Office• Partnership mainly on food security, seedproduction, natural resources managementand policy
  40. 40. Regional CollaborationCentral MekongName of Organization Nature of Collaboration1. ASEAN (Association ofSouth East AsianNations)• Coordination institution for agriculturaldevelopment and research, with strong links toCAC - Central American Council of Ministersof Agriculture – coordination• Policy interactions and links to politicalprocesses• Fund raising opportunities2. FAO regional officeAsia-Pacific• Partnership mainly on food security, seedproduction, natural resources managementand policy3 RECOFTC (RegionalCommunity ForestryTraining Center)• Collaboration in forestry and agroforestryresearch• Joint proposal development4. CeLAgriD (Centre forLivestock andAgriculture Devt)• Collaboration in research and development• Joint proposal devt.
  41. 41. Milestone Events• Inception Workshop – Nov 2012• Research framework workshops I&II, Feb & May 2013• IDOs development workshop, May 1-3• Launching of Action Areas and Action Sites– Central America and Caribbean, May 8-12, Nicaragua– Central Mekong, May 13-17, Vietnam– East and Central African Highlands, May 20-24, DR Congo– West African Humid Lowlands, June 10-14, Nigeria• CRP-Donors-Stakeholders Engagement, June 24-25,Montpellier
  42. 42. West Africa Action Area Launching
  43. 43. Action Site Launching, Oshogbo
  44. 44. Phased Workplan – 2015-2023• Phase 1: 2015 - 2017– Intensification of research across Tier 1 locations.• Systems interventions / research• M&E – internal review• Partnership management & capacity development• Phase 2: 2018 - 2023– Launching of Tier 2 Action Areas / 4 New Flagship Projects• Initiation of research. Situation analysis, R4D Platforms and SystemInterventions.– Continuation and intensification of research in Tier I locations / Scaling– M&E – internal and external review• Phase 3: Post - 2023 (initiated in 2020, subject to funding)– Launching Tier 3 Action Areas / Flagship Projects– Strengthening links with partners.– Consolidation of R4D through Impact Assessment– M&E – external review and evaluation– Partnership management & capacity development
  45. 45. Phased Workplan – 2015-2023• Phase 1: 2015 - 2017– Intensification of research across Tier 1 locations.• Systems interventions / research• M&E – internal review• Partnership management & capacity development• Phase 2: 2018 - 2023– Launching of Tier 2 Action Areas / 4 New Flagship Projects• Initiation of research. Situation analysis, R4D Platforms and SystemInterventions.– Continuation and intensification of research in Tier I locations / Scaling– M&E – internal and external review• Phase 3: Post - 2023 (initiated in 2020, subject to funding)– Launching Tier 3 Action Areas / Flagship Projects– Strengthening links with partners.– Consolidation of R4D through Impact Assessment– M&E – external review and evaluation– Partnership management & capacity development
  46. 46. Phased Workplan – 2015-2023• Phase 1: 2015 - 2017– Intensification of research across Tier 1 locations.• Systems interventions / research• M&E – internal review• Partnership management & capacity development• Phase 2: 2018 - 2023– Launching of Tier 2 Action Areas / 4 New Flagship Projects• Initiation of research. Situation analysis, R4D Platforms and SystemInterventions.– Continuation and intensification of research in Tier I locations / Scaling– M&E – internal and external review• Phase 3: Post - 2023 (initiated in 2020, subject to funding)– Launching Tier 3 Action Areas / Flagship Projects– Strengthening links with partners.– Consolidation of R4D through Impact Assessment– M&E – external review and evaluation– Partnership management & capacity development
  47. 47. 9-year Windows 1 and 2 budget
  48. 48. Issues to be addressed- Productivity x NRM issues- Ecosystem service dimension of systems- Urbanization and feeding the world- Analysis of gaps between potential and actual- Partnerships- Labour and agriculture; mechanization- Foresight issues- Human resource implications- Capacity building- Scaling up and out – pathways

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