CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes, Value for Money

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Part of the collection of posters developed for CGIAR Knowledge Day, Nairobi, 5 November 2013

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CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes, Value for Money

  1. 1. CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food secure future Grain Legumes Value for Money Proposition Nutrition & Health Food Security Improved nutrition & health Improved food security Productivity Enhanced env. sustainability Reduced rural poverty Environment Income Theory of Change Results Timelines and relationships between research results, products and outcomes is illustrated graphically. SLO Drought resistant cowpeas that include resistance to parasitic weeds have been released in Tanzania and Burkina Faso. Improved shortduration and drought tolerant groundnut varieties were introduced into 12 target countries. Six kabuli chickpea and four lentil varieties, resistant to Ascochyta blight and amenable to machine harvest have been released; the Desi variety JG 14 yielded 30% higher than the control in on-farm tests. Early maturing lentil varieties, one each in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and India have been released for cultivation. Heat-tolerant cultivar upscaling includes the establishment of village seed hubs for quality assured seed distribution. Breeder partnership for lentil in Bangladesh. Photo: Shiv Kumar Agrawal, ICARDA Lessons Challenges 1. External factors have large consequences for the adoption of technologies, and this is heterogeneous by location. 2. Data on the adoption of technologies is difficult to collect, as is the attribution of behavioral change to specific causes within, or external to, the CRP. Opportunities Research proposition Legumes provide high quality, protein rich food with a uniquely low environmental impact. The dietary benefits of major components of the seeds are complemented by micronutrients and other bioactive compounds. Legumes fetch good prices yet tend to be farmed on the least productive land (which they enrich), and thus they can benefit resource poor farmers. The CRP Grain Legumes gathers researchers working on the major legume crops of the developing world who can benefit from the common biology and shared market systems. This program represents a significant component of the worlds research on these systems. One ‘product line’ relates to the possibility of developing varieties, agronomic practice, and market systems that can replace those of rice fallow. This would represent de novo productivity and has the potential to reach in excess of 2 M ha in SSEA alone. Adoption of short duration chickpea in Andhra Pradesh, India. Photo: Pooran Gaur, ICRISAT The gender strategy includes three main elements: Gender research Gender actions to identify targets with a gender specific outcome. analyses the impact of gender on CRP outputs. steps to attend to internal gender issues. LED BY Science with a human face Partners Led by ICRISAT with CIAT, ICARDA and IITA in partnership with: Generation Challenge Program (GCP) Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA) Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Turkish General Directorate of Agricultural Research (GDAR) Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Collaborative Research on Grain Legumes Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Collaborative Research on Peanut and Mycotoxin National agricultural research and extension systems in Africa, Asia and Latin America National and international public and private sector research and development partners Key contacts Product Line Coordinators IN PARTNERSHIP WITH PL1 - Drought & low-P tolerant common bean, cowpea & soybean PL2 - Heat tolerant chickpea, common bean, faba bean and lentil PL3 - Short-duration, drought tolerant & aflatoxin-free groundnut PL4 - High N-fixing chickpea, common bean, faba bean &soybean PL5 - Insect-smart chickpea, cowpea, & pigeonpea prod. systems PL6 - Extra-early maturing chickpea and lentil varieties PL7 - Herbicide tolerant machine-harvestable chickpea, faba bean and lentil varieties PL8 - Pigeonpea hybrid and management practices Dr Steve Beebe (CIAT) Dr Michel Ghanem (ICARDA) Dr Patrick Okori (ICRISAT- Malawi) Dr SK Chaturvedi (IIPR, Kanpur) Dr Manuele Tamo (IITA) Dr Shiv Kumar Argawal (ICARDA) Gender Specialist Communication Manager Director Gender Strategic research 1. Comparative genomics in legumes is especially powerful because these diverged within the last 55 million years and the gene content and order is very conservative. Genome sequence data is available or being generated. 2. Legumes share features of agronomy (eg place in rotations). 3. Legume seed systems are similar, the seeds are typically quite large and multiplication rates are low Dr Chanda Goodrich Satish Nagaraji Dr Noel Ellis s.beebe@cgiar.org m.ghanem@cgiar.org p.okori@cgiar.org chaturvedi5463@yahoo.co.in m.tamo@cgiar.org sk.agrawal@cgiar.org Dr Pooran Gaur (ICRISAT - India) p.gaur@cgiar.org Dr Rajeev Varshney (ICRISAT - India) r.k.varshney@cgiar.org and public and private institutes and organizations, governments, and farmers worldwide c.goodrich@cgiar.org n.satish@cgiar.org n.ellis@cgiar.org This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution – Non commercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License October 2013

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